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Microbiology of Aerated Lagoons

POONAM A.
MAHAJAN
ROLL NO.
122021017
Aerated Lagoons
Treatment pond provided with artificial
aeration to promote the biological oxidation
of wastewaters.
Use of oxygen (or air) and microbial action to
treat the pollutants in wastewaters.
Lagoon Microbiology

Diverse microorganisms due to the


diverse growth environments
present.
1. Aerobic and anaerobic bacteria
2. Algae
3. Protozoan
4. Insect larvae
Aerobic Bacteria

Three functional groups occur:


1. Freely dispersed, single bacteria;
These tend to grow in lagoons at high
organic loading and low oxygen
of. organic matter
conditions
Oxidation
2. Floc-forming bacteria:
Micro-organisms grow in large flocs due to
exocellular polymer production.
flocs degrade organic matter

3. Filamentous bacteria:
. Decomposition of organic matter over a wide
range in pH and temperature.
. Decomposed organic matter removal: from
pH 6.5 to 9.0 & at temperatures from 3-4C to
60-70C
. Do not cause any operational problems in
Nitrifying Bacteria
pH (7-8) pH 7-
8.5

CO
2
These autotrophs use CO2 as a carbon source
for growth.

Nitrification ceases above pH 9 & at pH


values below 7.
Anaero Conversion of acids into
bic methane.
pH 6.5- 7.5 & temperature
bacteri > 14 o C
a
Reduce sulfate to hydrogen
sulfide.
Algae and green plants,
producing SO4-.
Significant odor control
mechanism
Algae

Three major groups based on their


chlorophyll type: brown algae (diatoms),
green algae, and red algae.
The predominant algal species at any given
time is dependent on growth conditions.
Lagoons Treat Wastewater Naturally

1. Aerobic zone
2. Facultative zone
3. Anaerobic zone
How Treatment Occurs
Throughout lagoons, physical, biological
& chemical processes take place that
result in wastewater treatment.
Best use of wind.
Time is important factor.
Sunlight is extremely important.
Lagoon Color Is Important

presence of
indicate indicating
algae with
anaerobic poor
different
conditions conditions.
pigmentation.

indicates
good
conditions
Common Lagoon Problems
Blue-green algae: block sunlight and
cause short-circuiting.
Algal blooms: cloudy weather, algae can
multiply quickly then die-off. Matted algae
can block sunlight and cause foul odours.
Proper operation maintenance can help to
prevent odours.
Sludge accumulation: Sludge in the bottom
of lagoons should be measured at least once
per year and removed as needed.
REFERENCES
1. www.lagoonsonline.com/sitemap.htm
2. water.me.vccs.edu/stabilization.htm
3. www.dawsonwaste water.ca/documents/aerated
lagoons
4. nptel.iitm.ac.in/curses/webcourse-aeraed
lagoons
5. www.jstor.org/stable/25037367
6. www.clemson.edu/ces/eees/outreach/aerated
lagoons
7. www.ncsafewater.org/pics/training
8. www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aerated_lagoon
THANK YOU