Amit amit@arcgeosystems.com amit.k@iitb.ac.

in

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What is GIS ?
 Geographic Information System

DATA SPATIAL & TABULAR

(GIS) is camputer based decisionmaking tool to plan, impelement and govern the objects in space. location specific Planning

USER

 An application methodology for  GIS transforms data into

information on spatial locations of entities that occupy space in the natural and built environment.

GIS

HARDWARE & GIS SOFTWARE

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RULES FOR DECISION MAKING
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What is spatial data?
80% of all information held in databases

anywhere in the world contains some kind of geographic element Information that has:
A location (spatial data) Values for a phenomena (attribute data)

Additional information includes
Connectivity Contiguity

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Spatial Data
Spatial Data: Any entity

that has location and can be shown on a map. E.g., Maps of States of India. Conventional Data: Attributes of the spatial entity. E.g., State wise Per Capita Income.

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Role of Spatial data and GIS:
Economic problems have spatial dimension.

Decision support system requires the total information to tackle these problems. GIS is capable to capture, store, manipulate, analyze and visualize a diverse set of spatial data. Spatial perspective is very useful in the establishment of linkage between various types of process i.e. hydrological process, soil erosion, vegetation cover, human activities etc, and also interaction between them.

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Development Goal

Data Collection And Survey

Plan Formulation

Conventional Database

Analysis & Forecasting

GIS
Evaluation

Plan Selection

Implementation

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Contex of GIS:

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Advantages of GIS Applications:
• Interactive Visualization/Analysis
• Planning and Management • Spatial Data Management and Access • Environmental Risk Assessment • Multi-Dimensional Planning • Custom Applications Development For Decision Support • Web-accessible Spatial Information
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I. Application of GIS for Watershed Management Basic Steps

Acquisition of DEM data from Satellite Image/Toposheet Conduct DEM processing to derive stream, catchment, and drainage point features Populate data with required attributes Use network analysis and Archydro tools to derive desired metrics

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Digital Elevation Model Processing:

 Flow

DEM is base data to derive the following grids:
Direction  Flow Accumulation  Stream Network  Drainage Basins

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Network Analysis:
•What is stream flow at a given location? •How many acres of agricultural land occur above a given point? •To which basins does water flow from a given location?

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Watershed analysis
• • •

• •

What is the dominant land use in a basin? How many miles of road occur adjacent to a river? How many ha of intensive agriculture occur above a given location? What is the relationship between land use and water quality? Where are the most vulnerable habitats? Where is highest population densities?
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Further riverine analysis

Graph of Mesohabitat
15000 10000 5000 6929 5881 4327 86 127 Count 11237

2630 40 122

Legend
VALUE
Dry Backwater Shallow Margin Shallow Margin w/ Structure Riffle Deep Margin Deep Margin w/ Structure Mid-Channel Mid-Channel w/ Structure

0

Habitat Type (by color)

Accessing and managing data for real-time flood prediction Ecological modeling support and data management Research Tool for scenario testing eg climate change, land use dynamics
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Local Spatial Data Infrastructure (LSDI) for Watershed Management:
 Vital components of watershed management:

- Soil and land resource data for planning at micro level - Creation of a multi-temporal database for natural resources. - People's participation - Awareness for farmers, policy makers, users, soil conservationists and scientists  People's participation at micro level  Technological Integration: - GIS along with conventional Database - Hydrological and Socio-economic analysis - Technological adoption and Conventional Practices

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II. GIS Application for SEZ/Township Development:
Precise Spatial Overview Multi-layered information  Infrastrucutral Planning Environmental planning in

context of regulation Congestion Management Policy and Regulation implementations

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III. Virtual reality GIS Applications
Virtual Reality GIS

supports creation, manipulation and exploration of georeferenced virtual environments

Applications include

3D simulation for planning with different scenarios

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IV. Real-time GIS Application
With the availability of real-time

positioning systems, it is possible to develop GIS that monitor, transmit, record and analyse the movement of mobile agents such as vehicles, people or animals and hazards (telegeomonitoring).

Real time monitoring of a Tropical Cyclone over west coast of India

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Other GIS Application Areas:
Health and Anemities planning Market Research, ERP and SAP Operations Management - Distribution and Retail

Services

Spatial Information Services - Tourist & Tour

Operators

Spatial Services Management – Defense and

Disaster Management

Spatial Services Management - Land & Utilities

Planning & Management

& Many Others
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Our Key Specialities:
Best trained professionals in GIS industry Best services on GIS related skills and

consultancy: Image processing, remote sensing, country planning, watershed planning, statistical analysis etc Up to date technological development Work for all GIS software plateform All data conversion and data security measures Collobration with innovative firms abroad
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Contact us :
ArcGeosystems
Mayur Vihar Phase I New Delhi 110091 INDIA

Contact: +91-9911059101 Email: info@arcgeosystems.com Website: www.arcgeosystems.com

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