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ADMA-OPCO

OVERHEAD
CRANE SAFETY

Prepared by: ZC&TPO HSE Engineer
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OVERHEAD AND GANTRY CRANE
OPERATION

 ADMA-OPCO Regulation HSE 102
section 27- GENERAL SERVICES
(including Lifting Equipment, Cranes)
defines ADMA-OPCO policy and
guidance on the safe use of lifting
equipment Which should be followed all
times before, during and after using the
lifting equipment.
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 DO NOT USE GANTRY if it does not meet inspection requirements. CRACKED. or MISSING parts. • Allow the load to swing or roll against any supporting members. • Remove any obstacles that may impede lifting. If necessary to adjust the Gantry. 3 . DO NOT: • Overload Gantry • Lift loads greater than the rated capacity. • Lift or support humans. first lower and disconnect the load. DAMAGED.  To ensure the safe operation of your Gantry. CORRODED. frequently inspect it for BENT. DO: • Make certain the load is not attached to the floor. BROKEN. • Tow or Pull Gantry. • Make any adjustments when the Gantry is under load.

steel ropes. 4 .  Replace nylon or web slings immediately if excessively worn. chains or other components are worn or in disrepair. OVERHEAD AND GANTRY CRANE OPERATION  Hoist operators must inspect equipment daily before use.  Do not operate a crane or hoist if limit switches.

OVERHEAD AND GANTRY CRANE OPERATION  Associates in the direction of travel should be warned to move and remain clear of a lifted load at all times.  Under no circumstances may anyone ride the hook or load. 5 .  Directional movement should be made smoothly and deliberately. Avoid rapid movements in any direction.  Loads should not be suspended over personnel below.

6 . chain.  Slings. OVERHEAD AND GANTRY CRANE OPERATION  Do not exceed the rated load capacity of the crane. hoist. cable. or other component. or cable before lifting a load. chain. load chains and other lifting devices must be fully and securely seated in the hook before moving a load. Remove slack from the sling. slings.

Do not pull or push the load.  Keep hoisting ropes vertical.  Maintain two full wraps of cable on the hoisting drum. OVERHEAD AND GANTRY CRANE OPERATION  Use the following practices to avoid swinging loads:  Locate the hoist directly above the lifting point of the load before lifting.  Lower loads directly below the hoist. 7 .

test the hoist brakes by returning the master switch or push button to the “OFF” position after raising the load a few inches off the floor. lower the load to the floor slowly and do not operate the crane. OVERHEAD AND GANTRY CRANE OPERATION  When lifting loads at or near capacity. 8 . Report the situation immediately and DO NOT USE until repaired. If the brakes do not hold.

maintain a minimum clearance of one foot above loads and to the sides. 9 . Raise the load only to the height necessary to clear lower objects. Whenever possible.  Never pull a hoist by the pendant cable. OVERHEAD AND GANTRY CRANE OPERATION  Ensure that all loads are lifted high enough to clear obstructions before moving the bridge or trolley.

place controls in the “OFF” position to prevent unexpected startup upon restoration of power.  Familiarize yourself with the location of the disconnect switch. lower the load to the floor. If it becomes necessary to leave the controls. OVERHEAD AND GANTRY CRANE OPERATION  Never leave the controls unattended while a load is suspended.  If loss of electrical power occurs. 10 .

OVERHEAD AND GANTRY CRANE OPERATION  Disconnect power to a hoist that is unsafe or in need of repair. Arrange to have the disconnect switch locked and the control panel tagged with and “Out of Order” or “Do Not Operate” tag. or is your opinion. Never operate a hoist that has been tagged with an “Out of Order” or “Do Not Operate” tag. UNSAFE TO OPERATE… 11 .

 Know the location of disconnect switch that will cut the power off only to the hoist or crane. Be sure it is readily accessible and not blocked.  Check end stops. HOISTS / CRANES Daily Inspection Checklist  Check for any loose or missing parts. 12 . End stops prevent the trolley from running off the beam.

HOISTS / CRANES Daily Inspection Checklist N  Make sure all control buttons are labeled to indicate their function.  Lower the hoist block to activate the lower limit switch if the hoist is so equipped. S  Check upper hoist limit switch by slowly raising the block to trip the switch. and does not stick. releases immediately. 13 . W E Operate each button to make sure it functions properly. leaving at least one turn of rope on the take-up drum.

Look for any jerky movements.  When moving an A frame hoist. take care to ensure that the wheels on each side stay on the track.  Operate the crane or hoist several feet in each direction that it travels. 14 . HOISTS / CRANES Daily Inspection Checklist  Make sure wire rope is properly seated in its drum and sheave grooves without any slack or overlapping. Listen for any unusual noises.

or twisted. HOISTS / CRANES Daily Inspection Checklist  Check all hooks. Each hook must have a safety latch that automatically closes the throat of the hook. 15 . stretched. spring is broken. Hooks should not be cracked. Hooks should rotate freely in block assembly without any “grinding” felt or heard. bent. or is otherwise damaged the latch must be repaired before use. If the latch is bent.

16 . The sheave guard must be unbroken and intact. HOISTS / CRANES Daily Inspection Checklist  Check the block assembly for structural damage or cracks in any components. No part of the sheave guard should be in contact with the wire rope or sheave. Sheaves should rotate freely without any grinding felt or heard coming from the bearings.

or has worn outside wires. HOISTS / CRANES Daily Inspection Checklist  Check the wire rope by lowering the block to the lowest level and looking for the following conditions.  Kinked. crushed. cut. If any of these conditions are observed. 17 .  Reduced diameter of the rope. or wiring with heat damage. or “bird caged” wiring. This may indicate the rope has been stretched. has lost its inner core support.  Any number of broken strands of wires. they should be reported immediately.

Inspect all mechanical coupling links to insure linking pins are secure and in good condition. or distorted (bent. 18 . cracks. twisted. HOISTS / CRANES Daily Inspection Checklist  Check load chain for damage. Report unsafe conditions immediately. wear at contact points. or stretched) links.

The capacity of the sling being used must be adequate for the load and attachment method. 19 . Capacity ratings must be legible on the manufacturer’s label. Replace slings immediately if excessive wear occurs. HOISTS / CRANES Daily Inspection Checklist  Check the condition and capacity of nylon or synthetic web slings.

hoists. lifting devices are trained and certified for that equipment  rigging of the load is carried out by a competent person(s)  lifting devices and equipment has been certified for use within the last 12 months (at a minimum)  load does not exceed dynamic and/or static capacities of the lifting equipment  any safety devices installed on lifting equipment are operational  all lifting devices and equipment have been visually examined before each lift by a competent person(s) Are you trained and competent to perform this work? You have an obligation to stop the work if it’s unsafe. or other mechanical lifting devices shall not commence unless: – an assessment of the lift has been completed and the lift method and equipment has been determined by a competent person(s)  operators of powered. HSE Golden Rules of Lifting Operations  Lifts utilizing cranes. 20 .

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Any Questions? 22 .