Workshop

© All Rights Reserved

4 views

Workshop

© All Rights Reserved

- F3 Maths Annual Scheme of Work_2011
- Application of Geometry and Trigonometry
- Lesson Plan 3D Trig
- CAPE® Pure Mathematics Past Papers(1).pdf
- Question Paper Maths IIT
- DC Pandey Mechanics Part 1 Solutions PDF
- Trigonometric Graphs
- User Manual PSIM
- Engineering Math Reference
- St Gabriels Prelim 2009 Am p1 w Solutions
- Geometry Notes 1.pdf
- Creo 5
- AIITS_2015_16
- Mathematics Formulary
- Coordinate System and Vector
- Creo 2
- Creo 1.txt
- 330257803 CSP Math Course
- A-level Maths Generic Sample Chapter Year 1 FINAL
- mom05

You are on page 1of 37

CALCULATION

1

Introduction to Units ( Pressure)

PRESSURE CONVERSION

1 Kg / cm = 14 . 223 psi ( Lb / In )

1 Kg / cm = 0 . 9807 Bar.

1 PSI = 0.07031 Kg / cm

1m = 100 cm

1cm = 10 mm

1m = 1000 mm

1in. = 25.4 mm

Introduction to Units ( Temperature)

Temperature unit = Degree Celsius

or

Degree Fahrenheit

C = 5/9(f-32)

So, C=37.7

PYTHAGORAS PRINCIPLE APPLICATION

A

Pythagoras Principle :

In Any Right Angled Triangle a Sum of

Adjacent Side Square Is Always Equal to It

Hypotenuse Square.

B C

LET US SAY ABC is right angle triangle .

AB and BC = Adjacent sides and AC = Hypotenuse.

So based on pythagoras theory ,

AB + BC = AC

PYTHAGORAS PRINCIPLE APPLICATION

Example :

A

5

3

B 4 C

Proof of theory in triangle ABC

AB = 3 , BC = 4 and AC = 5

SO AC = AB + BC

= 3 + 4 = 25

By taking AC = 5 so AC = 25 It means that

LHS = RHS

TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS

A

Trigonometric functions are used to solve

the problems of different types of triangle.

B C We will see some simple formulas to solve

right angle triangle which we are using in

day to day work.

Angle ACB = , AB & BC are sides of triangle.

So for this triangle.

TRIGONOMETRY

A

Hypoteneous AC

Opposite

Side

Adjacent Side BC

B C

Adjacent Side

Hypoteneous AC

TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS

25 mm

We Will Find Value Of By Tangent Formula So ,

= AB / BC = 25/25 =1

Tan = 1 B 25 mm C

= Inv. Tan(1) = 45

= AB / AC

Ac = AB / Sin = 25 / Sin45 =25 / 0.7071 = 35.3556mm

TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS

Example: We Will Find Value Of By Cosine Formula

A

25 mm

B 25 mm C

= AB / AC = 25 / 35.3556

= 0.7071

= Inv Cos (0.7071) = 45

TRIGONOMETRY

Example: FIND OUT ANGLE OF A TRIANGLE

A AB

SIN = OPPOSITE SIDE =

HYPOTENEOUS AC

= 30

OPPOSITE HYPOTENEOUS 50

SIDE

50

= 0.60

30

= InvSINE VALUE OF 0.60

= 36 - 52

B C

ADJACENT SIDE

AREA

Definition : A surface covered by specific

Shape is called area of that shape.

i.e. area of square,circle etc.

L

Where L = Length Of Side

L

So If L = 5cm

Then Area = 5 X 5 = 25cm

FIND OUT SIDE OF A TRIANGLE

Example:

A TAN = OPPOSITE SIDE = AB

ADJACENT SIDE BC

TAN 36 = 20

OPPOSITE HYPOTENEOUS

SIDE

BC

20

20 BC = TAN VALUE OF 36

36 20

B C BC = 0.727

?

ADJACENT SIDE

BC = 27. 51 mm

AREA

2. Rectangle: Area Of Rectangle = L X B

B

Where, L = Length

B = Width L

If L= 10 mm, And B = 6 mm

Then, Area = 10 X 6 = 60mm

3. Circle :

Area Of Circle = / 4 x D D

Where D= Diameter Of The Circle

D

AREA

4

WHERE D = Diameter of Greater Circle

d = Diameter of Smaller Circle D

4 x 360

D

AREA

4. Triangle : H

Area Of Triangle = B x H

Where B = Base Of Triangle

B

H = Height Of Triangle

5. Cylinder :

D H

Surface area of Cylinder

=xDxH

Where H = Height Of Cylinder

D = Diameter Of Cylinder

VOLUME

Defination : A space covered by any object is called

volume of that object.

width and height are equal,

L

so

Volume Of Sq. Block = L X L X L = L L

L

2. Rectangular Block :

Volume= L X B X H

Where H

B

L = Length

L

B = Width

H = Height

VOLUME

H

3.Prism or Triangle Block :

L

Volume of Triangular Block B

= Cross Section Area of Triangle x Length

Volume = B H X L Where

B = Base of R.A.Triangle

H = Height of R.A.Triangle

L = Length of Prism

VOLUME

4. Cylinder :

Cylinder

Volume= D X H

D

Where : H

D = Diameter Of Cylinder

H = Length Of Cylinder

CG CALCULATION

CG

TAN LINE

m

DIA

(2) 2:1 ELLIPSOIDALS ( m ) = 0.1439 DIA

(3) TORI - SPHERICAL ( m ) = 0.1000 DIA

WEIGHT CALCULATION

Examples :

Rectangular plate

Circular plate

Circular plate with cutout

Circular sector

Shell coursce

(i) C.S.= 7.86 g/cm3

(ii) S.S.=8.00 g/cm3

WEIGHT CALCULATION

Examples :

1. Rectangular plate :

CM

Weight of This Plate 3.5 CM

0

= Volume X Sp.Gravity

10

200 CM

= L X B X H X 7.86gm / CC

Here L = 200cm, B = Width = 100cm And H = Thk = 3.5 cm

So Volume = 200 X 100 X 3.5 cm

= 70000 cm

Now Weight Of Plate = Volume X Sp .Gravity

= 70000 X 7.86 gm/cc

= 550200 gms

= 550.2 kgs

WEIGHT CALCULATION

Examples :

2. CIRCULAR PLATE :

300 cm

Weight= V X Sp. Gravity

Volume V= Cross Section Area X Thk

= D X 4cm Thk = 4cm

= x 300 X 4cm

= 282743.33 cm

So W = V X sp.Gravity

= 282743.33 X 7.86 gms/cc

= 2222362.5738 gms

= 2222.362 kgs

WEIGHT CALCULATION

Examples :

Circular sector : R1

R2

Weight of Circular Plate Sector :

W = Volume X Sp.Gravty. = 120

Now Volume = Cross Sec.Area X Thk

= X ( R1 - R2) X X 2 cm R1 = 400 cm

360 R2 = 350 cm

= X (400 - 350) X 120 X 2 THK = 2cm

360 = 120

= 78539.81 cm

Now Weight = V X Sp .Gravity

= 78539.81 X 7.86 gms/cc

= 617322.95 gms

= 617.323 kgs

WEIGHT CALCULATION

Examples : 0 0 cm

3

Shell :

W = V X Sp.Gravity

V= X ( OD - ID ) X Length 400 cm

Here OD = 400 + 10 = 410cm

ID = 400cm

Length = 300cm

5cm

So V = X ( 410 - 400 ) X 300cm

= 1908517.54cm

Now Weight

W = V X Sp. Gravity

= 1908517.54 X 7.86 = 15000947gms

= 15000.947kgs = @ 15 Ton

WELD METAL WEIGHT CALCULATION

Long seam weld weight

= Cross section area x length of seam x density

Circ. seam weld weight

`= Cross section area x mean circ. of seam x density

WELD METAL WEIGHT CALCULATION

=60 A1 = 2/3 x 0.3 x 6 cm = 1.2 cm

3 2

50

4

Now A2 =A3

3

2

A2 = 1/2 x B x h = 0.5 x B x 4.7 cm

Here B= 47 Tan30 =2.713cm

1.Crossection Area Of Joint A2 = 0.5 x 2.713 x 4.7 Cm

A = A1 + A2 + A3 + A4 = 6.38 Cm

A3 = 6.38 Cm

Now A = 1.2 + 6.38 + 6.38 + 0.94 cm

A = 14.9cm A4 =0.2 * 4.7 cm

WELD METAL WEIGHT CALCULATION

For long seam weld weight

= Cross section area x Length of seam x density

= 14.9cm x 100cm x 7.86gm/cm

= 11711.4gms = 11.712kgs for 1 mtr long seam

For circ. seam

= Cross section area x Mean circ. x Density

For Circ. seam having OD = 4000 mm and Thk. = 50 mm

Weld Weight = 14.9cm X 1240.9 cm X 7.86 gms/cc

= 145326gms = 145.326kgs.

TAPER CALCULATIONS

Whenever a Butt joint is to be made between two

plates of different thickness, a taper is generally

provided on thicker plate to avoid mainly stress

concentration.

x

1:3 Taper

40 60

X = 20 x 3 = 60mm.

Instead of 1:3 taper, if 1: 5 Taper is required;

X = 20 x 5 = 100 mm.

CIRCUMFERENCE CALCULATION

Circumference = Pie x Diameter of job

If I/D is known and O/S circ. Is required then,

Circumference = Pie x ( I/D + 2 x thick )

Here Pie value is very important.

Which is the correct value of pie?

22/7

3.14

3.1415926 (Direct from calculator/ computer)

CIRCUMFERENCE CALCULATION

Example 1 : O/S Dia of the job is 10000mm, calculate O/S

circumference.

1) 10000mm x 22/7 = 31428.571mm

2) 10000mm x 3.14 = 31400.00mm

3) 10000mm x 3.1415926 = 31415.926mm

OFFSET CALCULATION

Thickness difference measured from I/s or o/s on joining

edges is called offset.

offset

0.1T but <= 2mm for web & <= 3mm for flange

Say T = 34 mm than, Offset = 0.1 x 34mm = 3.4mm

But max. 3mm allowed as mentioned above.

If by mistake 0.1% T considered than,

0.1 x 34/100 = 0.034 mm offset which is wrong.

OFFSET CALCULATION

How to measure offset & kink ?

Here A = D

Offset = B - C

Kink = ( A - B or C - D )

which ever is max. D

Kink is nothing but

peak-in/ peak-out C

B

A

ORIENTATION MARKING

Start orientation in following steps.

Measure circumference.

ORIENTATION MARKING

Example : O/S circ. = 25300mm

L/S orientation = 75.162 degree

Find out arc length for 75.162

Arc length for L/S = ( 25300/360 ) x 75.1 = 5277.86mm

= ( 25300/360 ) x 75.16 = 5282.07mm

= ( 25300/360 ) x 75.162 = 5282.218mm

CHORD LENGTH

A C B

60 R

Example :

Web segment size - 600

Inside radius R - 4000mm

Sine 30 = CB/4000mm

1/2 chord length CB = 0.5 x 4000mm

= 2000mm

Full chord length = 4000mm

TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS

As shown in figure we can find out

Two things :

1. Angle between two rollers

2. Dist. Between two roller for A

specific diameter of shell .

We will check it one by one.

For safe working, angle Should D

C B

be between 45- 60

PCD & HOLE MARKING CALCULATIONS

P.C.D.=600 mm & No. of Holes N = 12.

Mark P.C.D. = 600 mm.

Angular distance y = 360 / N = 360/12 = 30 degrees.

Chord length between holes

= 2 x PCD x Sin ( y/2 )

2 Y/2

= 2 x 600 x Sin (30/2)

P.C.D.

2

= 2 x 600 x 0.2588 = 155.28 mm.

2

N Holes

- F3 Maths Annual Scheme of Work_2011Uploaded byAzlin Congo
- Application of Geometry and TrigonometryUploaded bybealu0312
- Lesson Plan 3D TrigUploaded byJonathan Robinson
- CAPE® Pure Mathematics Past Papers(1).pdfUploaded byShemar Williams
- Question Paper Maths IITUploaded byAbhishek Dalvi
- DC Pandey Mechanics Part 1 Solutions PDFUploaded byTushar Dongre
- Trigonometric GraphsUploaded byBlaine Rogalski
- User Manual PSIMUploaded byAnonymous j7toV6z7P
- Engineering Math ReferenceUploaded byadamhagelgans3811
- St Gabriels Prelim 2009 Am p1 w SolutionsUploaded byJASON_INGHAM
- Geometry Notes 1.pdfUploaded bysai ramakrish
- Creo 5Uploaded byJahangir Ali
- AIITS_2015_16Uploaded byAnonymous BoP7nnB
- Mathematics FormularyUploaded bysandeepkcn
- Coordinate System and VectorUploaded by임경준
- Creo 2Uploaded byJahangir Ali
- Creo 1.txtUploaded byJahangir Ali
- 330257803 CSP Math CourseUploaded byIsmail Sultan
- A-level Maths Generic Sample Chapter Year 1 FINALUploaded byHudaSEl-zerii
- mom05Uploaded byNajwan Azit
- TRIGNOMETRY 1Uploaded bySowjanya Gudimetla
- Math Hyperref a4Uploaded byUmesh Ghosh
- Creo 6Uploaded byJahangir Ali
- doc_math-calculator-not-permitted-sample-set.docUploaded byMerly Calayan Ramos
- 5c6bb2b4e4b090b658926643_5ba3e5f4e4b061908b47bc7a_1554554797995Uploaded bySumit Gaurav
- Advance Talent examUploaded byVikas Meena
- MAE 361 Homework Solutions 61Uploaded bygetsweet
- M221Hw4Uploaded byZahid Kumail
- quarter 3 trig identitiesUploaded byapi-288610675
- vanderpol-oscillator-draft.pdfUploaded byRicardo Simão

- 64 Interview QuestionsUploaded byshivakumar N
- Six Month Trg ReportUploaded bynrjchopra
- sofcon pptUploaded bynrjchopra
- YESplus Form March2008Uploaded bynrjchopra
- Manual Moving-Message DisplayUploaded bymahinow4u
- Bypassing Firewalls Tools and TechniquesUploaded byNishant Sharma
- arduinoUploaded byCabdiraxmaanmaxamed Cabdiraxmaanmaxameddan
- usnoobie_usbasp_readme.txtUploaded bynrjchopra
- Instructions for UseUploaded byBurhanudin Robbani Al-Afghani
- Basic ElectronicsUploaded bynrjchopra
- ATMega8 uC.pptxUploaded bynrjchopra
- Ppt Distant Message DisplayUploaded bynrjchopra
- At CommandUploaded byrajan

- WAVES.docxUploaded byIvee Joy AYbey Cuaresma
- Interfece description of IRNSSUploaded bySadeepaSepala
- Andrew Baldwin, David Bordoli-Handbook for Construction Planning and Scheduling-Wiley (2014)Uploaded byAtef Ragab
- Sea300Uploaded byPetrica
- Encyclopedia+of+Medical+Decision+MakingUploaded byAgam Reddy M
- Markings AirportsUploaded byArif Samoon
- A New Biomimicry Marine Current Turbine - Study of Hydrodynamic PerformanceUploaded byNadji Chi
- Ultrasound Applications in Beef Cattle Carcass Research and ManagementUploaded bykhateebwaris9095865
- AM5890S_V1.5TSUploaded byflo72af
- imh-fp_sr001_eng_v00_171213Uploaded byPredescu Darie
- Semtech Synchronous vs Asynchronous Buck RegulatorsUploaded byraghu2189
- 33-11KV SS DetailsUploaded bySanjeev Dhariwal
- Convolutional EncodingUploaded byHaroon Jalil Baig
- WPS.pptUploaded byMohd Faya
- Buffer SolutionUploaded byGadde Gopala Krishna
- 10716010_enUploaded byConstantin Trajkovich Eisele
- - Stress Corrosion Cracking Behaviour of Gas Tungsten Arc Welded Super Austenitic Stainless Steel JointsUploaded byMuchamadAsyhari
- Cvss v30 Specification v1.7Uploaded byShubham Choradia
- RAXUploaded byRafaelCazalesFuentes
- Right Grade of Bitumen for ..Uploaded byarunendu
- Coffee Brewing Wetting Hydrolysis Extraction Revised by Emma SageUploaded byFelipe Eduardo
- MIL-PRF-87257 Hydraulic FluidF 87257 Hydraulic FluidUploaded bydaymon
- PHY317L.8Uploaded byNathan Thai
- 72 SampleUploaded byyuyiip
- PEX-03-07Uploaded byCesar Sylar Mendoza Capquequi
- Linear ModelsUploaded byAmal Datta
- Hardening OracleUploaded byPedro Perez
- fingerprint image enhancement using filtering techniquesUploaded byMona Shehata
- EC2357 - Vlsi Design Lab ManualUploaded bySakthikumar Balasundaram
- Evolution is a Bad Science TheoryUploaded byErrol Smythe