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Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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Warm Up

State whether each word or phrase represents

an amount that is increasing, decreasing, or

constant.

2. rises increasing

3. drops decreasing

Holt Algebra 1

4- 1 Graphing Relationships

Objectives

Match simple graphs with situations.

Graph a relationship.

Holt Algebra 1

4- 1 Graphing Relationships

Vocabulary

continuous graph: Graph with

connected lines or curves.

only distinct points.

Holt Algebra 1

4- 1 Graphing Relationships

Graph Segments

Holt Algebra 1

4- 1 Graphing Relationships

Holt Algebra 1

4- 1 Graphing Relationships

Holt Algebra 1

4- 1 Graphing Relationships

constant

Holt Algebra 1

4- 1 Graphing Relationships

The air temperature increased steadily for

several hours and then remained constant. At

the end of the day, the temperature increased

slightly before dropping sharply. Choose the

graph that best represents this situation.

time passing .

Holt Algebra 1

4- 1 Graphing Relationships

Example 2A: Sketching Graphs for Situations

Sketch a graph for the situation. Tell whether

the graph is continuous or discrete.

constant speed, stops at a light, and then

continues.

Holt Algebra 1

4- 1 Graphing Relationships

Example 2A: Continue

the truck's speed (y-axis) does the

following:

y

• initially increases

• remains constant

Speed

• decreases to a stop

• increases

• remains constant

Time x

Holt Algebra 1

4- 1 Graphing Relationships

Helpful Hint

When sketching or interpreting a graph, pay

close attention to the labels on each axis.

Holt Algebra 1

4- 1 Graphing Relationships

Sketch a graph for the situation. Tell whether

the graph is continuous or discrete.

A small bookstore sold between 5 and 8

books each day for 7 days.

The number of books sold

(y-axis) varies for each day

(x-axis).

Since the bookstore accounts

for the number of books sold

at the end of each day, the

graph is 7 distinct points.

The graph is discrete.

Holt Algebra 1

4- 1 Graphing Relationships

Check It Out! Example 2a

Sketch a graph for the situation. Tell whether

the graph is continuous or discrete.

Jamie is taking an 8-week keyboarding class.

At the end of each week, she takes a test to

find the number of words she can type per

minute. She improves each week.

Each week (x-axis) her typing

speed is measured. She gets a

separate score (y-axis) for

each test.

Since each score is separate, the

graph consists of distinct units.

The graph is discrete.

Holt Algebra 1

4- 1 Graphing Relationships

Check It Out! Example 2b

Sketch a graph for the situation. Tell whether

the graph is continuous or discrete.

Henry begins to drain a water tank by opening a

valve. Then he opens another valve. Then he

closes the first valve. He leaves the second

valve open until the tank is empty.

As time passes while draining the

Water tank tank (moving left to right along the

Water Level

the following:

• initially declines

• decline more rapidly

• and then the decline slows down.

Time The graph is continuous.

Holt Algebra 1

4- 1 Graphing Relationships

Write a possible situation for the given graph.

x-axis: time y-axis: speed

Step 2 Analyze sections.

over time, the speed:

• initially declines,

• remains constant,

• and then declines to zero.

Possible Situation:

A car approaching traffic slows down, drives at a

constant speed, and then slows down until coming

to a complete stop.

Holt Algebra 1

4- 1 Graphing Relationships

Write a possible situation for the given graph

x-axis: students y-axis: pizzas

Step 2 Analyze sections.

As students increase,

the pizzas do the following:

• initially remains constant,

• and then increases to a new

constant.

Possible Situation:

When the number of students reaches a certain

point, the number of pizzas bought increases.

Holt Algebra 1

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