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Learning Outcomes

Write ionic formulae of ions


Construct chemical formulae of ionic
compounds
State names of chemical compound
using IUPAC nomenclature
Write ionic formulae of ions
How can we write an ionic formulae of ion?
Example 1:

Calcium (Ca) with proton number= 20


2.8.8.2 calcium ion 2.8.8 after
donating two electron
Orange dots=
electron valence
1e-
A Cation has
-2e- positive
charge

1e-
How can we write an ionic formulae
of ion?
1. Determine the proton number
Ca=20
2. Draw the orbital of the atom (below)
First orbital=maximum 2 e-
Second and third orbital=maximum 8 e-
Fourth orbital= 2 e-

2.8.8.2

Orbital
arrangement
3. 2 e- valence at the fourth orbital removed to
formed octet configuration ( stable form)
1e-
-2e-

1e-
Octet configuration.
Stable form

2.8.8
Example 2:
Chloride (Cl) with proton number= 17

2.8.7 Chloride ion 2.8.8


Green dots= After one electron
electron valence withdrawal

An anion has
+1e- negative
charge

1e
-
How about Magnesium and Oxygen.
Can you show the formation of the ion
using the electron orbital and electron
configuration?
12Mg and 8O
Construct chemical formulae
of ionic compounds
An ionic compound is a compound yield from
the withdraw and donating electron valence
between earth metals and non-metals
Atom calcium will donate 1 electron valence
to atom chloride to yield sodium chloride or
NaCl
Example:

Na + Cl NaCl
Let us construct chemical formulae
of ionic compounds
Na + Cl NaCl
2.8.1 2.8.7
1e-

Sodium Chloride Sodium chloride


State names of chemical
compound using IUPAC
nomenclature
Steps on using IUPAC nomenclature:
1)The cation names followed by anion name
Example:
Sodium chloride for NaCl

cation anion
2) The cation name ends with ium
The anion name ends with ate or ide
Example:
Potassium (K) Potassium ion (K+)
Chlorine (Cl) Chloride ion (Cl-)

What is the name for KCl and MgCl2?


Steps on naming a KCl

1) The cation names followed by anion


name
2) The cation name ends with ium
The anion name ends with ate or ide

Potassium ion (K+) Chloride ion (Cl-)

Potassium Chloride
Steps on naming a MgCl2

1) The cation names followed by anion


name
2) The cation name ends with ium
The anion name ends with ate or ide

Magnesium ion (Mg2+) 2 Chloride ion (Cl-)

Magnesium Chloride