You are on page 1of 12

4-6 Arithmetic Sequences

Warm Up
Evaluate.
1. 5 + (–7) –2 2.

3. 5.3 + 0.8 6.1 4. 6(4 – 1) 18

5. –3(2 – 5) 9 6. 11

7. where h = –2 8. n – 2.8 where n = 5.1


2.3
9. 6(x – 1) where x = 5 24

10. 10 + (5 – 1)s where s = –4 –6

Holt Algebra 1
4-6 Arithmetic Sequences

Objectives
Recognize and extend an arithmetic sequence.
Find a given term of an arithmetic sequence.

Holt Algebra 1
4-6 Arithmetic Sequences NOTES
VOCABULARY
•Sequence: A list of numbers that often
forms a pattern
•Term: Each number in a sequence
•Arithmetic sequence: A sequence in
which the terms differ by the same nonzero
number d.
•Common difference: The same non zero
number in which an arithmetic sequence
differs
Holt Algebra 1
4-6 Arithmetic Sequences NOTES
TERM NUMBERS

ARITHMETIC
Time (s) (s)
Time 1 2 3 4 5 SEQUENCE
Distance
Distance(mi)
(mi) 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0

+0.2 +0.2 +0.2 +0.2 TERM

SEQUENCE COMMON
The list of numbers can
DIFFERENCE
be form a pattern

Holt Algebra 1
4-6 Arithmetic Sequences NOTES
Example:
•Identifying Arithmetic Sequences

9, 13, 17, 21,… The common difference is 4


 YES, ARITHMETIC SEQUENCE
+4 +4 +4

•Find the next 3 terms.

9, 13, 17, 21, 25, 29, 33,…


+4 +4 +4

Holt Algebra 1
4-6 Arithmetic Sequences

Reading Math
The three dots at the end of a sequence
are called an ellipsis. They mean that
the sequence continues and can read as
“and so on.”

Holt Algebra 1
4-6 Arithmetic Sequences
Example: Identifying Arithmetic Sequences

10, 8, 5, 1,… The difference between successive


terms is not the same.  NO
–2 –3 –4

You add to each term to find the


next term. The common difference is

 YES
–4, –2, 1, 5,… The difference between successive
+2 +3 +4 terms is not the same.  NO

Holt Algebra 1
4-6 Arithmetic Sequences NOTES

1 2 3 4 … n Position = n

3 5 7 9 … Term = a

a1 a2 a3 a4 an

The common difference (d) is 2.

Holt Algebra 1
4-6 Arithmetic Sequences NOTES
Example:
•Finding the nth Term of an Arithmetic Sequence

1, 5, 9, 13, 17,… The common difference (d) is 4.


+4 +4 +4

an = 4n+ 1
•Write a rule to find the 16th term.  n =16

an = 4n + 1
 a16 = 4(16) + 1 = 65
Holt Algebra 1
4-6 Arithmetic Sequences
Example:
•Finding the nth Term of an Arithmetic Sequence

17,11, 5, –1, –7, …The common difference (d) is -6.


–6 –6 –6

an = –6n + 17
•Write a rule to find the 60th term.  n =60

an = –6n + 17
 a16 = –6(60) + 17 = –343
Holt Algebra 1
4-6 Arithmetic Sequences NOTES
Example:
•Finding the nth Term of an Arithmetic Sequence

a1 = 2, d = 4 d = 4  the common difference is


4

–2 , 2, 6, 10, 14 … an = 4n – 2
+4 +4 +4

•Find the 34th term. a34 = 4(34) – 2


= 134
Holt Algebra 1
4-6 Arithmetic Sequences
Your Turn to Practice!!!
•Finding the nth Term of an Arithmetic Sequence
•Find the indicated term of each arithmetic sequence.

1. 5, 6.5, 8, 9.5,… & 14th term


2. –4, –7, –10, –13, … & 23rd term
3. 2, 7, 12, 17, … & 40th term
4. a1 = –12, d = 2 & 7th term
5. Zelle has knitted 61 rows of a scarf. Each day she
adds 17 more rows. How many rows total has Zelle
knitted 16 days later?

Holt Algebra 1