4-6 Arithmetic Sequences

Warm Up
Evaluate. 1. 5 + (–7) 3. 5.3 + 0.8 5. –3(2 – 5) 7. –2 6.1 9 2. 4. 6(4 – 1) 6. 18 11

where h = –2

8. n – 2.8 where n = 5.1 2.3

9. 6(x – 1) where x = 5 24 10. 10 + (5 – 1)s where s = –4 –6
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4-6 Arithmetic Sequences

Objectives
Recognize and extend an arithmetic sequence. Find a given term of an arithmetic sequence.

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4-6 Arithmetic Sequences

NOTES

VOCABULARY
•Sequence: A list of numbers that often forms a pattern •Term: Each number in a sequence •Arithmetic sequence: A sequence in which the terms differ by the same nonzero number d. •Common difference: The same non zero number in which an arithmetic sequence differs
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4-6 Arithmetic Sequences
TERM NUMBERS
Time (s) (s) Time Distance (mi) Distance (mi)

NOTES
ARITHMETIC SEQUENCE

1

2

3

4

5

0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 +0.2 +0.2 +0.2 +0.2 TERM

SEQUENCE
The list of numbers can be form a pattern

COMMON DIFFERENCE

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4-6 Arithmetic Sequences
Example: •Identifying Arithmetic Sequences 9, 13, 17, 21,… The common difference is 4 +4 +4 +4

NOTES

 YES, ARITHMETIC SEQUENCE

•Find the next 3 terms. 9, 13, 17, 21, 25, 29, 33,… +4 +4 +4

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4-6 Arithmetic Sequences Reading Math
The three dots at the end of a sequence are called an ellipsis. They mean that the sequence continues and can read as “and so on.”

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4-6 Arithmetic Sequences
Example: Identifying Arithmetic Sequences 10, 8, 5, 1,… –2 –3 –4 You add to each term to find the next term. The common difference is The difference between successive terms is not the same.  NO

 YES
–4, –2, 1, 5,… +2 +3 +4
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The difference between successive terms is not the same.  NO

4-6 Arithmetic Sequences

NOTES

1 3

2 5

3 7

4 9

… …

n

Position = n Term =

a

a1

a2

a3

a4

an

The common difference (d) is 2.

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4-6 Arithmetic Sequences
Example:

NOTES

•Finding the nth Term of an Arithmetic Sequence 1, 5, 9, 13, 17,… The common difference (d) is 4. +4 +4 +4

an = 4n+ 1
•Write a rule to find the 16th term.  n =16

an = 4n + 1

 a16 = 4(16) + 1 = 65
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4-6 Arithmetic Sequences
Example: •Finding the nth Term of an Arithmetic Sequence The common difference (d) is -6. 17,11, 5, –1, –7, … –6 –6 –6

an = –6n + 17
•Write a rule to find the 60th term.  n =60

an = –6n + 17

 a16 = –6(60) + 17 = –343
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4-6 Arithmetic Sequences
Example:

NOTES

•Finding the nth Term of an Arithmetic Sequence a1 = 2, d = 4 d = 4  the common difference is 4

–2 , 2, 6, 10, 14 … +4 +4 +4

an = 4n – 2

•Find the 34th term.

a34 = 4(34) – 2 = 134

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4-6 Arithmetic Sequences Your Turn to Practice!!!
•Finding the nth Term of an Arithmetic Sequence •Find the indicated term of each arithmetic sequence.

1. 2. 3. 4.

5, 6.5, 8, 9.5,… –4, –7, –10, –13, … 2, 7, 12, 17, … a1 = –12, d = 2

& 14th term & 23rd term & 40th term & 7th term

5. Zelle has knitted 61 rows of a scarf. Each day she adds 17 more rows. How many rows total has Zelle knitted 16 days later?

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