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Warm Up

Evaluate.

1. 5 + (–7) –2 2.

5. –3(2 – 5) 9 6. 11

2.3

9. 6(x – 1) where x = 5 24

Holt Algebra 1

4-6 Arithmetic Sequences

Objectives

Recognize and extend an arithmetic sequence.

Find a given term of an arithmetic sequence.

Holt Algebra 1

4-6 Arithmetic Sequences NOTES

VOCABULARY

•Sequence: A list of numbers that often

forms a pattern

•Term: Each number in a sequence

•Arithmetic sequence: A sequence in

which the terms differ by the same nonzero

number d.

•Common difference: The same non zero

number in which an arithmetic sequence

differs

Holt Algebra 1

4-6 Arithmetic Sequences NOTES

TERM NUMBERS

ARITHMETIC

Time (s) (s)

Time 1 2 3 4 5 SEQUENCE

Distance

Distance(mi)

(mi) 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0

SEQUENCE COMMON

The list of numbers can

DIFFERENCE

be form a pattern

Holt Algebra 1

4-6 Arithmetic Sequences NOTES

Example:

•Identifying Arithmetic Sequences

YES, ARITHMETIC SEQUENCE

+4 +4 +4

+4 +4 +4

Holt Algebra 1

4-6 Arithmetic Sequences

Reading Math

The three dots at the end of a sequence

are called an ellipsis. They mean that

the sequence continues and can read as

“and so on.”

Holt Algebra 1

4-6 Arithmetic Sequences

Example: Identifying Arithmetic Sequences

terms is not the same. NO

–2 –3 –4

next term. The common difference is

YES

–4, –2, 1, 5,… The difference between successive

+2 +3 +4 terms is not the same. NO

Holt Algebra 1

4-6 Arithmetic Sequences NOTES

1 2 3 4 … n Position = n

3 5 7 9 … Term = a

a1 a2 a3 a4 an

Holt Algebra 1

4-6 Arithmetic Sequences NOTES

Example:

•Finding the nth Term of an Arithmetic Sequence

+4 +4 +4

an = 4n+ 1

•Write a rule to find the 16th term. n =16

an = 4n + 1

a16 = 4(16) + 1 = 65

Holt Algebra 1

4-6 Arithmetic Sequences

Example:

•Finding the nth Term of an Arithmetic Sequence

–6 –6 –6

an = –6n + 17

•Write a rule to find the 60th term. n =60

an = –6n + 17

a16 = –6(60) + 17 = –343

Holt Algebra 1

4-6 Arithmetic Sequences NOTES

Example:

•Finding the nth Term of an Arithmetic Sequence

4

–2 , 2, 6, 10, 14 … an = 4n – 2

+4 +4 +4

= 134

Holt Algebra 1

4-6 Arithmetic Sequences

Your Turn to Practice!!!

•Finding the nth Term of an Arithmetic Sequence

•Find the indicated term of each arithmetic sequence.

2. –4, –7, –10, –13, … & 23rd term

3. 2, 7, 12, 17, … & 40th term

4. a1 = –12, d = 2 & 7th term

5. Zelle has knitted 61 rows of a scarf. Each day she

adds 17 more rows. How many rows total has Zelle

knitted 16 days later?

Holt Algebra 1

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