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Two (02) glasses of water After waking up

Helps activate internal organs

One (01) glass of water - 30 minutes before meal


Help digestion

One (01) glass of water Before taking a bath


Helps lower blood pressure

One (01) glass of water Before sleep


- To avoid stroke or heart attack
PROBLEM STATEMENT

Sanitary Engineers through proper control and


management of sewage disposal, refuse sanitation, air
pollution control, solid waste management & control etc;
keep a clean and healthy environment and prevent the
transmission of diseases.
Definitions

SEWAGE:
Liquid waste from a community and generally conveyed by
a sewer.

DOMESTIC SEWAGE
Originated in the sanitary conveniences of a dwelling,
business house or institutions.
Industrial waste
Liquid waste produced from industrial processes, as dying
brewing, paper making etc.
SANITARY SEWAGE
What is produced by domestic sewage together with
industrial waste.

STORM WATER
Liquid flowing in sewers during or following a period of
rain fall and resulting there from.

Infiltration
Some ground water may find its way to through joints in to
sewerage system.
Sanitary sewage contain waste organic matters and other
pollutants harmful in nature.

Storm water may be as high as 20 times that of sanitary


sewage in quantity, but qualitatively it is much harmless in
nature and less polluted.

Sullage: Spent up water from kitchen, wash basins


etc.(Nowadays this terms is used as Grey water).
It will not include waste from urinals, water closets, stables
etc; normally carried with domestic sewage where a
sewerage system exists otherwise by surface drains where
as excreta may be done by means of septic tanks
SEWER:

A pipe or conduit , generally closed but normally not


flowing full, used for carrying sewage. A sanitary sewer is
one which carries sanitary sewage and excludes as far as
possible storm sewage.

A storm sewer carries storm water only including surface


runoff and street wash.

A combined sewer is designed to carry all type of sewage


such as domestic, industrial waste and storm water.
DRAIN:
It includes surface drains of different shapes and sections.
These are used for carrying storm water, sullage etc.
Surface drain may be uncovered or covered with suitable
slabs.

FRENCH DRAIN:
A surface drain filled up with crushed stones and or gravels
of desired sizes. This permits the flow through the drain but
avoids any depression of ground surface. Due to ground
surface wasting, the pore spaces get filled up with silt etc.
and needs washing of packing materials and refilling after
certain intervals.
Storm Sewers: Are designed to convey rainwater and groundwater flows to nearby water
bodies. They are owned and maintained by municipality and are typically located within
public road rights-of-way or private property easements.

Sanitary Sewers: Receive wastewater flows from buildings (i.e., from sinks, toilets, and
drains) and convey it to sewage facilities. They are owned and maintained by municipalities
and are typically located within public road rights-of-way or private property easements.
Sanitary sewer laterals convey the wastewater from buildings to the sanitary sewer.

Sanitary Sewer Laterals: Convey wastewater flows from buildings to the sanitary sewer
system. Examples of the wastewater include flows from the building's internal plumbing
fixtures, such as toilets, showers, sinks and washing machines.

Foundation Drains: Are perforated pipes that are installed around buildings at a depth
below that of the building's foundation. They convey groundwater to the storm sewer and
are designed to prevent buildings from flooding.
Roof Drains: Are used to convey rainwater from a building's roof to the storm sewer
system.

Catch Basins: Are designed to collect rainwater runoff from roads and other paved surfaces.
The rainwater enters the storm drains and is conveyed to a storm sewer.
A historic Boston
sewer dating back to
the 1800s is still in
use today
Atlantas combined waste
and storm water system
overloads during heavy rain,
rushing raw sewage into the
Chattahoochee River, which
supplies the citys drinking
water. The city is currently
building a massive tunnel to
store the water until it can be
properly treated.