. crops. sometimes causing them to die. WHAT IS IT? • They are circumstantial or sporadic phenomena that cause a disaster that consists of the scarce rains • Droughts cause serious damage to the soil. animals and even people.

• Lack of rain • Agriculture and intensive livestock. increased urban and industrial consumption and poor water management . Why is it produced? • Existence of a need for water in an area greater than it can offer us. deforestation.

Types of droughts • Meteorological drought: It happens when a portion of land or region. . undergoes an extended period without rain. • Agricultural drought: An agricultural drought affects crop production. and can be triggered by changing soil conditions and erosion. • Hydrological drought: It happens when reservoirs and lakes dry up.

dehydration and related diseases • Interruption of food sales in the market • Hunger due to loss of food crops. Consequences • Decrease in agricultural production • Malnutrition. • Damage to wildlife • Forest fires .

rationalizing its use and using this valuable resource in the most appropriate way .What can we do to avoid droughts? • We can establish our Drought Prevention Plan • We must become aware of the use of water.

with a duration of 400 years. . Where has the longest period of drought occurred? The longest period of a drought was recorded in the Atacama Desert. in Chile.