An overview of Lesson

TEFL Practicum
Dr. Kia Karavas

• Lesson Plan: A model of organized learning events within a standardized time period of a formal instructional process. • Plan: A systematic means to reach an end (a goal). . a written description of how students will move towards attaining specific objectives. What is a lesson plan? • It is a systematic record of what will be covered during a lesson.

Why plan your lessons? • The success or failure of a lesson will often be determined by the amount of planning the teacher has done and the extent to which the preparation for the lesson is linked to the teachers’ overall goals • Classroom management problems can often be traced to poor or ineffective lesson preparation. . • Planning ensures that there is some kind of system and balance in students’ learning.

• Planning raises teachers’ awareness of what they want to achieve with their students. . Why plan your lessons? • Planning ensures that the teacher can answer questions accurately and can provide explanations when required. • The knowledge that they are well prepared gives teachers confidence. • Planning enables the teacher to improve timing by comparing the estimated time for activities with the actual time spent.

• Teacher can look at their plans after the lesson has finished and evaluate the effectiveness of the lesson. Why plan your lessons? • Planning helps teachers to think about the lesson in advance to resolve problems and difficulties. • The plan makes your workload lighter the following year. .

Poor lesson planning • Frustration for the teacher and the student • Aimless wandering • Unmet objectives • No connections to prior learning • Disorganization • A waste of time • Poor management .

Elements of a lesson plan Objectives Activities Include practice Assessment with feedback .

Two main sections: A) initial information • Class/level of students (e. 4th year primary students-intermediate) • Date and duration of lesson • Unit title or topic • Language to be taught (i. new structures.e. new vocabulary) • Skills to be developed • Objectives of the lesson • Anticipated problems .g.

g. Main body • Stages of the lesson (PPP. note down student errors during speaking task) • Back up activities • homework . group/pair work) • Aids and audiovisual equipment to be used for each activity • Timing of each activity • Comments: any necessary reminders (e. pre-while-post) • Specific activities and how they will be carried out (e.g.

Expressing aims • Aim: This is the strategic. non- fiction text in English. non-specialist. Aims are rather general and establish the overall purpose of a lesson: • Example: Students will be able to read and comprehend an authentic. ultimate purpose and overarching goal of the lesson. . It establishes the rationale for what you and your students will engage in during the lesson.

what the students should be able to know or do at the end of the lesson that they could not do at the beginning • Help in the selection of activities • Provide overall lesson focus and direction • Help teachers evaluate what students have learnt at the end of the lesson • Help learners know what is expected of them • Help learners monitor their own progress throughout the course .are the learning outcomes of a lesson i.e.. • ……. Objectives.

Objectives should be SMART: • Specific • Measurable • Attainable • Realistic • Time bound . Objectives should be..

to present the present continuous tense for making future arrangements) and should not simply describe the activities students will complete (e. Objectives should not • Should not express what the teacher will do during the lesson (e.g. students will ask and answer questions in an information gap activity) .g.

The source of objectives • The objectives and content of your lesson will be determined by the following: • student needs (age. • constraints within your teaching context (available time. layout of furniture. purposes for learning English) and prior knowledge on the subject/topic • curriculum goals and syllabus aims. available resources etc. . size of class. language level. previous language learning experiences.) • textbook/materials used.

non-fiction text in English. non-specialist. Relating aims to objectives • Lesson aim: Students will be able to read and comprehend an authentic. • Lesson objectives: • The students will be able to • Deduce the meaning and use of unfamiliar lexical items through an understanding of word formation and contextual clues • Recognize and interpret formal cohesive devices for linking different parts of the text • Skim the text to obtain its gist or an overall impression of its semantic content • Extract information not explicitly stated by making inferences .

2. Potential to help students master the stated objectives. .The main body of a lesson plan • Guidelines for Selecting Instructional Activities 1. Actively involve students in learning and practicing the behaviors stated in the objectives.

and skills are developed and applied. • . solve problems and do assignments to achieve the lesson’s aim (goal) and objectives. It is through procedures that knowledge is constructed and retained. the teacher and students interact and communicate. Procedure/stages of a lesson • Procedure: In this critical part of the lesson plan. share information.

Evaluation • Closure . A lesson’s procedure can be divided into six parts: • Introduction • (Homework Checkup) • New Material Presentation • Classroom Activities • Assessment .