Past Time

Monica Caruntu

 The Past Simple Tense
 The Past Continuous Tense
 The Past Perfect Simple
 The Past Perfect Continuous
 Used to + infinitive
 Would + infinitive

The Past Simple Tense
Regular verbs
Infinitive + -ed/-d
move + d = moved
study (yi) + ed = studied
play + ed= played
stop + p + ed = stopped
prefer + r + ed = preferred

try tried live lived enjoy enjoyed permit permitted happen happened cancel cancelled AmE: canceled rub rubbed need needed travel travelled AmE: traveled plan planned .

Irregular verbs bet – bet – bet catch – caught – caught bleed – bled – bled cost – cost – cost creep – crept – crept fight – fought – fought pay – paid – paid quit – quit .ridden .quit ride – rode .

 awake  awoke – awoke  Bite  bit – bitten  feed  fed – fed  hide  hid – hidden  light  lit – lit  rise  rose – risen  see  saw – seen  wet  wet – wet .

The Past Continuous Tense I / He / She / It was working … We / You / They were working … Was she working …? Were they working …? I wasn’t working … We weren’t working … .

The Past Perfect Simple Tense had + past participle He had left… Had they left …? She hadn’t left … .

Narrative 1. . Main events The Past Simple is used to describe finished events in the past. Susan went into the station and bought a ticket.

so she didn’t sit down. . and others were walking up and down. There were a lot of people waiting in the station. Background description The Past Continuous is used to describe actions still in progress. and is used for background description. Some were sleeping on the benches. Susan was looking for Graham.2.

Before the train arrived. . Susan managed to push her way to the front of the crowd. Past before past The Past Perfect is used to describe a past event which took place before another past event. By the time the train arrived.3. Susan had managed to push her way to the front of the crowd. It is not always necessary if a time expression makes the order of events clear.

4. Interrupted past continuous We often contrast an action still in progress with a sudden event which interrupts it. . a man grabbed her handbag. While Susan was trying to get onto the platform.

Susan pulled the bag from his hands.are introduced by the time expressions before. They have the same subject as the following clause. . after and while. After struggling with him.5. Participle clauses .

Compare these sentences 1. the robbers were leaving the bank. the robbers left the bank. When the police arrived. . When the police arrived. 2. When the police arrived. the robbers had left the bank. 3.

Put the verbs in brackets into a suitable tense. 2. . All sentences refer to past time. I (just eat) _________. I (sleep) _______ when the front door rang. 4. 3. We (tour) _____ Canada at this time last year. 1. I couldn’t concentrate because the people upstairs (talk) _______ very loudly. I wasn’t hungry.

I had just eaten. We were touring Canada at this time last year. 3. . I couldn’t concentrate because the people upstairs were talking very loudly. I wasn’t hungry. 4. 2.Answers 1. I was sleeping when the front door rang.

8. He was broke. We went to London last week and (stay) ______ in a huge hotel. 6. It was pouring with rain as she (wonder) _____ what to do. they (build) _____ most houses out of wood.5. 9. He (spend) _____ all his money. 7. Long ago. I am writing in connection with the advertisement which (appear) ______ on 3 October. .

. 9. We went to London last week and stayed in a huge hotel. He was broke. 7. 8. 6. they built most houses out of wood. It was pouring with rain as she was wondering what to do. He had spent all his money. I am writing in connection with the advertisement which appeared on 3 October.Answers 5. Long ago.

The emphasis is on the activity itself and its duration. Yesterday the police arrested someone they had been trying to catch for ten years. .The Past Perfect Continuous had been + …ing  It is used for a continuous or repeated activity that began before another action in the past and continued until the other action began.

I knew they had been swimming because their swimming costumes were still wet. He had been playing football for a year when he was asked to join the school team. .  The Past Perfect Continuous is used for a past activity that stopped recently or just before a second past action began.

Put the verbs in brackets into a suitable tense. 4. we saw that the last bus (go) _______. We were so busy talking when we (leave) _____ the restaurant. Sammy said that he (see) ______ that film before. . Barry was hot. 3. When we looked at the timetable. that we forgot to pay for our meal. 1. He (jog) __________. 2.

Answers 1. . we saw that the last bus had gone. When we looked at the timetable. Sammy said that he had seen that film before. He had been jogging. that we forgot to pay for our meal. 4. We were so busy talking when we left the restaurant. 2. Barry was hot. 3.

(state) .Habits in the past 1. A time expression is usually necessary. I always got up at six in those days. The Past Simple is used to describe past habits or states. (habit) I lived in Austria for several years.

2. I used to own a horse. (I owned a horse once. usually in contrast with the present. Used to is used to describe past habits. I used to get up at six. Used to can also describe past states.) Note these forms: I didn’t use to like beer. but now I get up at eight. A time expression is not necessary. Did you use to swim every day? .

Every evening was the same. . It can only be used to describe repeated actions. Jack would turn on the radio. Would is used to describe a person’s typical activities in the past. light his pipe and fall asleep.3.

A frequency adverb is necessary.4. . he was always getting into trouble. often an annoying habit. The Past Continuous can be used to describe a repeated action in the past. When Peter was younger.

. I was wondering if you could help me.  With the verb think the Past Continuous suggests uncertainty. I was thinking of having a party next week.Politeness and uncertainty  The Past Continuous with the verb wonder has a polite meaning.

I suddenly remembered that I forgot / had forgotten my keys. 4. 2. Tom used to live / would live in the house at the end of the street. While Diana watched /was watching her favourite television programme.Choose the most suitable tense. 1. Who was driving / drove the car at the time of the accident? . there was a power-cut. 3.

9. I used to like / was liking sweets much more than I do now. By the time Sheila got back. Tanya would / used to be a doctor.5. 7. . 8. I did / was doing some shopping yesterday. 6. so he knew what to order. Chris went / had gone. when I saw that Dutch friend of yours. David ate / had eaten Japanese food before.

_______ 7._______ 2. _______ 3. Read the testimonies and list these seven connectors. Some connectors arelogical and so show sequence clearly. _______ 4.The perfect detective Connectors and the past simple A. _______ 5. 1. _______ . _______ 6.

as soon as 6. after 2. so 7. b) the past perfect simple changes the sequence. because 3.Answers 1. once After these connectors: a) both the past perfect simple and the past simple can be used. . c) the past perfect simple emphasises which action happened first. although 5. before 4.

1. ________ 3. and After these connectors: a) both the past perfect simple and the past simple can be used b) the past perfect simple changes the sequence .when 2. Some connectors do not show sequence clearly.B. Read the testimonies and list these connectors. but 3. ________ 1. ________ 2.