A

Presentation on

STUDY OF RCC SHEAR WALL IN MULTISTORIED
BUILDING

PRESENTED BY,
MR.NAVNATH B. SANGOLKAR

UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF;
Dr. S.N.TANDE

Department of Applied Mechanics

Walchand College Of Engineering,
Sangli

CONTENTS
1. INTRODUCTION
2. LATERAL LOAD RESISTING SYSTEMS
3. ANALYSIS OF SHEAR WALL USING STRUCTURAL
ANALYSISI AND DESIGN SOFTWARE STAAD PRO
4. DESIGN PHILOSOPHIES OF SHEAR WALL
5. CONCLUSION
6. REFERENCES

INTRODUCTION

SHEAR WALL -:
The wall, in building, which resist lateral loads
produced by wind or earthquakes are known as shear walls.
These shear walls, may be added solely to resist horizontal force.
Concrete walls enclosing stairways, elevated shafts may serve as
shear walls.
Shear walls are not only designed to resist gravity or vertical loads
(due to its self-weight and other living or moving loads), but they
are also designed for lateral loads of earthquakes or wind.

Shear wall . 2. Lateral load resisting systems There are three lateral load resisting systems 1. Braced frame system . Moment resisting frame . 3.

Shear walls are like vertically-oriented wide beams that carry earthquake loads downwards to the foundation. or as high as 400 mm in high rise buildings. These walls generally start at foundation level and are continuous throughout the building height. beams and columns. Shear walls are usually provided along both length and width of buildings. SHEAR WALL BUILDINGS Reinforced concrete (RC) buildings often have vertical plate- like RC walls called Shear Walls in addition to slabs. . Their thickness can be as low as 150 mm.

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Slab thickness:-150 mm 9.Live load:-3 kN/m2 Bay in X direction:-3 No (6 m each) 10.Size of column:-600 mm X 600 mm 8.No.Type of frame:.Importance factor (I):.1 5.Bay in Z direction:-3 No (6 m each) Shear wall thickness:-230 mm 12.Problem Data : 1. .Response reduction factor (R):. Shear wall length:-6 m in plan 13.III 4.Size of beam:-600 X 230 mm 7.5 6. 11.special moment resisting frame 2.Zone (Z):. of storey's:-11 3.

6 m 15) Type of building:-Residential 16) Height of shear wall:-42.6m 17) Density of brick:-19.20 kN/m3 18) Density of concrete:-25kN/m3 19) M-25 concrete and Fe-415 steel used.14) Floor to floor height:-3. .

(DL-EQX) 1.5 8.5 9.2 12. (DL+EQX) 1. (DL+LL-EQX) 1.5 7.9DL+EQZ 1. (DL+LL+EQZ) 1. 0.5 6.5 4. (DL+LL+EQX) 1. (DL+LL-EQZ) 1.2 13.9DL-EQX 1.2 11.9DL+EQX 1.5 5. 0. (DL-EQZ) 1.25 LL 10.9DL-EQZ 1. DL+ 0.2 14.The load combinations for analysis and design will be taken as follows: 1.5 . 0.(DL+LL) 1. (DL+EQZ) 1.5 3. 0.5 2.

force PLAN .Direction of eq.

ELEVATION .

Types of models: 1.Model type (A)-Model shows bare frame. Model type (A-M)-Model shows brick masonry infill panels at central bay at periphery of building. 2. PLAN 3-D VIEW .

3. PLAN TYPICAL SW PANEL 3-D VIEW . PLAN BRICK PANEL SW-PANEL 3D-VIEW 4.Buildings with shear wall at central bay at periphery of building.Building with 2 shear wall and 2-Brick infill masonry wall at central bay at periphery of building.Model (A-S).Model (A-SM).

Buildings with shear wall locating at central bay at central core of building. . .5 Model (BOX-S).

45 ∂ x= 167. 0.197 5.Analysis and Result 1.176 5.430 .68 EQZ= 314.32 1.70 3. PLAN TYPICAL MIDDLE PANEL 3-D VIEW Max Base Shear Max Mode frequency Time period (kN) Displacement (Cycle/sec) (sec) At top (mm) EQX= 314.47 ∂ z= 167. 0.30 2. 0.Model type (A)-Model shows bare frame .292 3.

PLAN TYPICAL MIDDLE PANEL 3-D VIEW Max Base Shear Max Mode frequency Time period (kN) Displacement (Cycle/sec) (sec) At top (mm) EQX= 365.00 ∂ z= 149.430 . 0. 0.863 1.338 2.Model type (A-M)-Model shows brick masonry infill panels at central bay at periphery of building.292 3.00 ∂ x= 149.98 EQZ= 365.197 5.70 3. 0.196 5.2.

84 ∂ z= 61.Building with 2 shear wall and 2-Brick infill masonry wall at central bay at periphery of building.Model (A-SM).488 1. 0.52 EQZ= 806.79 ∂ x=87. PLAN BRICK PANEL SW-PANEL 3D- VIEW Max Base Shear Max Mode frequency Time period (kN) Displacement (Cycle/sec) (sec) At top (mm) EQX= 734.606 2.3.265 . 0.87 3.306 3.221 4. 0.258 3.

0.Model (A-S).392 2.09 ∂ z= 71. PLAN TYPICAL SW PANEL 3-D VIEW Max Base Shear Max Mode frequency Time period (kN) Displacement (Cycle/sec) (sec) At top (mm) EQX= 1142.07 ∂ x= 70.018 2.296 3.378 3.921 1.737 EQZ= 1141.4.25 .268 3.Buildings with shear wall at central bay at periphery of building. 0. 0.

0. 0.932 2.model shows the box type of shear wall.13 3.277 3.53 ∂ x= 69.28 ∂ z= 59. Model (Box-S). Max Base Shear Max Mode frequency Time period (kN) Displacement (Cycle/sec) (sec) At top (mm) EQX= 1442.168 5.5.95 EQZ= 1468.79 1.615 . 0.195 5.

60mm –i.92mm and for model 2(A-M) ∂-149.It is observed that when masonry is replaced by shear walls the base shear increases e.00kN. for model 4(A-S) Vb-1142. Vbz-806.e. And for model2(A-M) Vb-365kN.g. the shear wall is most effective in plane lateral forces.g. for model 4(A-S) ∂- 70.g.86mm 3.Comparing model 2(A-M)and model 3(A-SM) it is seen that in model 3(A-SM) the base shear along Z direction is more as compared to model 2(A-M) e. It is seen that when masonry is replaced by shear walls the lateral displacements are reduced e.mm for model 3and for model 2 Vbz-365N and ∂-149.60.Observations And Discussions for problem:1 From the analysis of five models these following are the observation as follows 1.04kN and ∂-61. 2. .

15kN. .g Vb-1442.4 .For box type of shear wall (connected) in model 5 it is seen that the base shear is more than model 4 (A-S).e. And for model 2(A-S) Vb- 1142.00kN.

Thickness of wall . not be less than 150 mm. Thinner walls have a tendency to buckle out of plane Fig. DESIGN PHILOSOPHIES OF SHEAR WALL General Requirements 1) The thickness of any part of the wall shall preferably.

2) The effective flange width. to be used in the design of flanged wall sections. Fig. Effective flange Width . shall be assumed to extend beyond the face of the web for a distance which shall be the smaller of (a) Half the distance to an adjacent shear wall web. and (b) 1/10 th of the total wall height.

0025 of the gross area in each direction. This reinforcement shall be distributed uniformly across the cross section of the wall. The minimum reinforcement ratio shall be 0. Minimum reinforcement in Shear Wall . Fig.3) Shear walls shall be provided with reinforcement in the longitudinal and transverse directions in the plane of the wall.

each having bars running in the longitudinal and transverse directions in the plane of the wall. Fig. Boundary element Requirement .4) If the factored shear stress in the wall exceeds 0.25 or if the wall thickness exceeds 200 mm. reinforcement shall be provided in two curtains.

Fig. Bar diameter requirement .5) The diameter of the bars to be used in any part of the wall shall not exceed 1/10th of the thickness of that part.

6) The maximum spacing of reinforcement in either direction shall not exceed the smaller of lw/5. Maximum spacing of reinforcement in both directions . and 450 mm. where lw is the horizontal length of the wall. and tw is the thickness of the wall web Fig. 3 tw.

7) Shear strength The nominal shear stress shall be calculated as Tv= Vu /(tw dw) .

2. Base shears increases and lateral deflection decreases when shear wall is provided in a building. Shear wall is most effective for in plane lateral forces. . CONCLUSION 1. Box type shear wall (connected) are more effective than separate shear walls. 3.

” • IS 1893(Part-I).REFERENCES CODES :- • IS 456-2000 “Plain and Reinforced Concrete Code of Practice. “Ductile Detailing of Reinforced Concrete Structures Subjected To seismic forces-code of practice.2002 ”Criteria For Earthquake Resistant Design Of Structures.” .” • IS 13920: 1993.

Thank you!!! .