CHAPTER 1

:
The Role of Assessment in
Counseling

Counseling Assessment: Theory and Practice
1st ed
Richard S. Balkin and Gerald Juhnke

Developed by Pamela L. Smith, Texas A&M
University-Corpus Christi

Edition #1. Inc. Balkin. Objectives Importance and role of assessment in counseling Psychological constructs and associated definitions Standardized and non-standardized assessments Richard S. 1-2 © 2014 by Pearson Education. All Rights Reserved . Counseling Assessment: Theory and Practice.

Objectives Historical Issues of Assessment Role and importance of professional organizations related to assessment Competencies related to assessment practices Ethical and legal codes affecting assessment Richard S. 1-3 © 2014 by Pearson Education. All Rights Reserved . Edition #1. Balkin. Counseling Assessment: Theory and Practice. Inc.

Balkin. 1-4 © 2014 by Pearson Education. All Rights Reserved . Inc. Edition #1. What is Assessment? Process essential to all elements of Counseling The basis for: • Identifying problems • Planning interventions • Evaluating and/or diagnosing clients • Informing clients and stakeholders Richard S. Counseling Assessment: Theory and Practice.

Non-Standardized Assessment Richard S. Edition #1. Counseling Assessment: Theory and Practice. What is Assessment? Test vs. Inc. All Rights Reserved . 1-5 © 2014 by Pearson Education. Balkin. Assessment • Test: Measurement of psychological constructs – Constructs: unobservable phenomenon ○ Operational Definition • Assessment: Gathering Information – Testingis a part of the assessment process – Standardized vs.

Wissler. Wundt. Cattell. All Rights Reserved . Balkin. Galton. and Binet Richard S. 1-6 © 2014 by Pearson Education. Inc. History of Assessment Why is history important? • Understanding misuse in the past ensures valid practice in the future Important to acknowledge the contributions of several individuals to modern assessment: • Darwin. Edition #1. Counseling Assessment: Theory and Practice.

Balkin. Edition #1. Counseling Assessment: Theory and Practice. 1-7 © 2014 by Pearson Education. All Rights Reserved . History of Assessment Intelligence Tests • Binet’s test intended to be used to identify children who would not benefit from ordinary schooling • Misuse – Segregating less intelligent persons from society to control procreation – Misuse with immigrants Richard S. Inc.

1-8 © 2014 by Pearson Education. Balkin. Personality Inventory (NEO-PI) Richard S. All Rights Reserved . Counseling Assessment: Theory and Practice. History of Assessment Intelligence tests led to development of measures of personality and aptitude • Woodworth Personal Data Sheet • Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) • Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI) • 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire (16-PF) • NEO. Edition #1. Inc.

teachers. 1-9 © 2014 by Pearson Education. and/or significant others Richard S. Balkin. clinicians. Inc. History of Assessment Measures developed to focus on particular psychological constructs Modern assessments identify problems or strength-based areas Many rely on self-assessment which can be problematic • Led to instruments that focus on observations from parents. Counseling Assessment: Theory and Practice. Edition #1. All Rights Reserved .

1-10 © 2014 by Pearson Education. The Development of Counselors as Assessment Professionals CACREP Standards of Qualifications of Test Role of State Licensure Users The Association for ACA Code of Ethics Assessment in Counseling and Fair Access to Tests Education (AACE) Test Publisher Responsibilities of Qualifications of Test Users of Standardized Users Tests (RUST) Richard S. Inc. Counseling Assessment: Theory and Practice. Edition #1. Balkin. All Rights Reserved .

1991) • Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 Richard S. Balkin. Legal Issues Healthcare Legislation • Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. Edition #1. All Rights Reserved . 1972. Counseling Assessment: Theory and Practice. Inc. 1996 (HIPPA) Civil Rights Legislation • Civil Rights Acts (1964. 1-11 © 2014 by Pearson Education.

All Rights Reserved . 1-12 © 2014 by Pearson Education. Edition #1. Balkin. Legal Issues Educational Legislation • Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) 1997. Inc. 2004 • Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) 1974 • No Child Left Behind Legislation 2002 Richard S. Counseling Assessment: Theory and Practice.

Balkin. diagnosis. Schools. Mental Health Settings. and treatment planning Advocacy and placement Counselors are consumers and producers of assessments Permeates every aspect of the counseling process Richard S. and Higher Education Settings Used in clinical interview. 1-13 © 2014 by Pearson Education. Counseling Assessment: Theory and Practice. All Rights Reserved . Edition #1. Inc. Rehabilitation Counseling.