Curriculum Design Models

Callie Lavin, MSCIN
Three Types of Models

1. Subject-Centered

2. Learner-Centered

3. Problem-Centered
Subject-Centered Design Model

 Main Focus: the content of the curriculum
 Also known as “teacher-centered learning”
 Corresponds mostly to the textbook written for the
specific subject
 Traditional approach to teaching and learning;
oldest and most familiar design for teachers and
 Compartmentalizes learning
Subject-Centered Design Model

A. Discipline Design
Refers to specific knowledge learned through a method which the
scholars use to study a specific content of their fields. Often used
in college.
B. Correlation Design
Links separate subject designs in order to reduce fragmentation.
Subjects are related to one another, but each subject maintains its
C. Broad Field Design
Prevents compartmentalization of subjects and integrates the
contents that are related to each other.
Learner-Centered Design Model

 Main Focus: the learner
 Also known as “student-centered learning”
 Learners are responsible for constructing meaning
 Explores the learner’s life, family history, and/or
local environment
 Develops learner autonomy and independence
 Enables life-long learning and independent
Learner-Centered Design Model

A. Child-Centered Design
Anchored on the needs and interests of the child. The learner is not considered a
passive individual, but one who engages with his/her environment.
B. Experience-Centered Design
Experiences of the learners become the starting point of the curriculum. Thus
the school environment is left open and free. Learners are made to choose from
various activities that the teacher provides. The learners are empowered to
shape their own learning from the different opportunities given by the teacher.
C. Humanistic Design
Considers the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains to be
interconnected and must be addressed in the curriculum. Stresses the
development of a positive self-concept and interpersonal skills. The ultimate goal
in this design is to develop oneself holistically where integration of thinking,
feeling, and doing is stressed.
Problem-Centered Design Model

 Main Focus: a problem (real or hypothetical)
 Inherently engaging and authentic
 Students have a real purpose to their inquiry as
they work to solve the problem(s)
Problem-Centered Design Model

A. Inquiry-Based Learning
Involves stimulating learning by posing questions, issues, or scenarios
and thereby engaging learners in constructing new knowledge. The
teacher acts as the facilitator in this design.
B. Life-Situations Design
Uses the past and the present experiences of the learners as a means
to analyze the basic areas of living. As a starting point, the pressing
immediate problems of the society and the students’ existing
concerns are utilized.