TELKOMSEL – LTE Deployment

2015
(Makasar – Balikpapan City LTE1800 10 MHz)

LTE PROJECT TEAM 2015
TELKOMSEL – LTE Deployment H1-2015
(MAKASSAR and BALIKPAPAN – LTE1800 10MHz)

Documentation Content :
• Frequency Spectrum Allocation
• Re-farming Process
• LTE Site Selection & Criteria
• 2G DCS1800 Traffic Offload Strategy
• Summary LTE1800 Req. and 2G Impact
(Re-farm, New Site, Upgrade)
• Hardware Requirement
• Link Budget and Site Requirement Calculation
• 2G GSM900 Traffic Offload – Bali 2014
Success Story
• Operational/Lessons Learnt from Bali Implementation
• Timeline and Organization Chart
Frequency Spectrum Allocation
Frequency Spectrum Allocation
1800 MHz Band Spectrum Allocation

Telkomsel Frequency Allocation after 1800 MHz Band Re-arrangement

• The Frequency Allocation is split into 2: • The border definition for LTE Zone and Buffer Zone is based
1. Macro Frequency Channel Allocation (Total 49 Channels) on:
• 18 Channel for DCS1800 BCCH – Link Budget Calculation to get the coverage distance for
• 31 Channel for DCS1800 TCH Hopping each site
• Max. Configuration 6/6/6 – Interference Matrix measurement
2. Macro and Indoor Channel Allocation (12 Channels) – Coverage Plot and Link Budget Calculation comparison
• BCCH and TCH for Indoor allocation
– Site tier
• TCH for Macro, so that the config can go up to 8/8/8
• Additional 5 MHz for LTE, becoming 15 MHz
Re-Farming Process
Re-Farming Process

Desk study based on:
Frequency Reallocation Plan • Existing Traffic Measurement
• Existing Site Database
Give recommendation on:
• Traffic Offload Scenario
Capacity Assessment • Features Activation (HR, OSC)

Capacity Management Parameter Execution
• Traffic Distribution • Traffic Shifting
• Traffic Offloading • Network Optimization
Additional Capacity Implementation
Network Optimization • TRX Upgrade
• Antenna tuning for overshoot cells • New Sites and New Collocation
• Antenna tuning for traffic shifting Meet KPI Target Expectation

Frequency Spectrum Refarming • DCS1800 TRX Downgrade to 8/8/8
Execution • LTE1800 10 MHz Deployment
LTE Site Selection & Criteria
LTE Site Selection & Criteria
• 3G Payload Area
– High Payload : > 30 GB
– Med Payload : 10-30 GB
– Low Payload : <10 GB

• Point of Interest (PoI)
– VIP Area
– Governor Office
– Telkomsel Office / Grapari
– Airport
– Etc

• LTE Target Area
– Monitored penetration of LTE1800 capable UE
– 3G Payload Area
– Point of Interest (PoI), including VIP Area
– Seamless coverage to maintain the good user experience
– Based on Link Budget and Throughput Calculation
3G Payload

Makassar Balikpapan
LTE Site Location
Makassar Balikpapan

Airport
Pantai Makassar
Losari
Kantor
Gubernur

Universitas
Hasanuddin

Airport
Sepinggan

Trans Telkomsel
Studio Baruga LTE Zone

Data Site_Plan_
MKS+BPP
LTE1800 RSRP Coverage

Makassar Balikpapan
LTE1800 Throughput Coverage

Makassar Balikpapan
LTE1800 Network Topology

Makassar
LTE1800 Network Topology

Balikpapan
2G DCS1800 Traffic Offload Strategy
2G DCS1800 Traffic Offload Strategy

• Max TRX config for DCS1800 is 8/8/8 with 100% HR and
OSC to improve the capacity
• More Aggressive parameter setting in GSM900 and
WCDMA2100 to push the traffic from DCS1800 to Exemplary Description:
GSM900 and WCDMA2100
‒ GSM900 and DCS1800 Layering and Optimization 4 4 4 3 3 3 4 4 4 GSM 900 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
‒ DCS1800 Channel Assessment (PDCH and SDCCH Channel
8 8 8 DCS 1800

12
12
12
12
12
12
Optimization) 6 6 6 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8

‒ HR and OSC implementation
‒ ISHO 2G to 3G Activation and parameter adjustment
• RF Tuning to share traffic to the surrounding site
‒ Physical Tuning
‒ Antenna Optimization For Bali Area
• The GSM900 configuration will remain 1/1/1 in the existing LTE Area
• TRX Upgrade and DCS1800 Site Collocation Plan in
• The existing LTE900 will be transformed to U900 gradually when the LTE1800
standalone GSM900 and/or WCDMA2100 and New Site coverage is the same with LTE900 area, for the following reasons:
Proposal − The current LTE subscribers will not experience coverage problem
• BSC and RNC Upgrade/Rehoming Plan, due to additional − For indoor subscribers that previously only served by 900 band, will be
covered by U900 service so the data service will not dropped significantly
Sites and TRX Upgrade (if required)
− U900 will be the alternative solution to carry the voice traffic from 2G to
free up the capacity of 2G Layer
LTE1800 First Implmentation

Makassar Balikpapan

LTE Zone
Pilot Offload
Pilot LTE

LTE1800
LTE 1800 First
No
Implementation Macro Inbuilding Total
1 Makassar 15 2 17
2 Balikpapan 12 5 17
Traffic Offloading – DCS to 2G Surrounding (GSM and DCS)

Idle parameter

Connected parameter
Traffic Offloading – ISHO 2G to 3G
2G DCS1800 Existing TRX Config

Makassar Balikpapan
2G DCS1800 Existing TRX Utilization

Makassar Balikpapan
2G DCS1800 Existing Traffic

Makassar Balikpapan

Notes:
From initial calculation, with considering existing traffic and Timing Advance (TA), the
requirement to compensate the capacity due to DCS TRX reduction to 8/8/8 is:
1. Makassar
• 17 TRX Upgrade (9 SW Upgrade and 8 HW Upgrade)
• 4 New DCS1800 Collocation
2. Balikpapan
• Not Required
Summary LTE1800 Req. and 2G Impact
(Re-farm, New Site, Upgrade)
Summary LTE1800 and 2G Impact

LTE1800 2G DCS Offload
No Region City Upgrade New Collo
Macro Inbuilding Total DCS DCS
Prio1: 77 Prio1: 90 9 SW Upg.
1 Sulawesi Selatan Makassar Prio2: 30 Prio1: 13 Prio2: 30 4
8 HW Upg.
Prio2: 30 Prio3: 30
2 Kalimantan Timur Balikpapan 57 8 65 0 0
Project Timeline
Time Plan Makassar
Time Plan Balikpapan
Hardware Requirement
Maximum Utilization of Existing Infrastructure
Less Disruption when Introducing LTE

• Reuse of current 2G/3G hardware, mostly already with
multi-radio technology (also in-line with 1800MHz
rearrangement and new acquisition of E-GSM spectrum)
• Optimized 2G/3G network capacity with proven/working
spectrum efficiency features such as OSC
• Flexibility on traffic offload
• Advanced monitoring capability with CEM integration
• Well-established support presence
Hardware Requirement using FXEA for RF Modules

Freq. Allocation for LTE1800 with 10 MHz Bandwidth Typical Config Planned Config

WCDMA LTE
WCDMA
GSM + DCSGSM +
LTE DC
LTE
WCDMA
GSM WCDMA
GSM
+ DCS WCDMA
+ DCS
GSM WCDM
GSM
+ DCS
+D
2100 - FRGP 2100 - FRGP
1800 - FXEA 1800 - FXEA
1800 - FXEA 1800 - FXEA
• Bandwidth for LTE is 10MHz MIMO @20 Wat 900 - FXDx 1800 - FXEA
900 - FXDx

• TRX Config for GSM1800 Max 8/8/8 @ 20 Wat
using Dynamic Power Sharing
2G - ESMC
• Additional Hardware: 2G - ESMC 3G - FSME

3G - FSME 3G - FSME
o 1 x System Module FSMF 3G - FSME 4G - FSMF

o 1 x RF Module FXEA for LTE MIMO Existing Config
• 2G GSM900 : 4/4/4
Planned Config
• 2G GSM900 : 4/4/4
o Duplexer (0.3 dB loss) for combining with • 2G DCS1800
• 3G WCDMA
: 8/8/8
: 3/3/3
• 2G DCS1800
• 3G WCDMA
: 8/8/8
: 3/3/3
WCDMA2100 • 4G LTE1800 : 1/1/1
Weight Weight
o OBSAI Cable + DC Cable + Sync Cable • Total RFM : 100 Kg • Total RFM : 125 Kg
• Tot.Duplexer : 0 Kg • Tot.Duplexer : 13 Kg
Hardware Configuration Diagram using FXEA for RF Modules
Hardware Requirement using FXEB for RF Modules

Freq. Allocation for LTE1800 with 10 MHz Bandwidth Typical Config Planned Config

WCDMA LTE
WCDMA
GSM + DCSGSM +
LTE DC
LTE
WCDMA
GSM WCDMA
GSM
+ DCS WCDMA
+ DCS
GSM WCDM
GSM
+ DCS
+D
2100 - FRGP 2100 - FRGP
1800 - FXEB 1800 - FXEB
1800 - FXEB 1800 - FXEB
• Bandwidth for LTE is 10MHz MIMO @20 Wat 900 - FXDx 900 - FXDx

• TRX Config for GSM1800 Max 8/8/8 @ 20 Wat
using Dynamic Power Sharing
2G - ESMC
• Additional Hardware: 2G - ESMC 3G - FSME

3G - FSME 3G - FSME
o 1 x System Module FSMF 3G - FSME 4G - FSMF

o OBSAI Cable + DC Cable + Sync Cable Existing Config
• 2G GSM900 : 4/4/4
Planned Config
• 2G GSM900 : 4/4/4
• 2G DCS1800 : 8/8/8 • 2G DCS1800 : 8/8/8
• 3G WCDMA : 3/3/3 • 3G WCDMA : 3/3/3
• 4G LTE1800 : 1/1/1
Weight Weight
• Total RFM : 100 Kg • Total RFM : 100 Kg
• Tot.Duplexer : 0 Kg • Tot.Duplexer : 0 Kg
Hardware Configuration Diagram using FXEB for RF Modules
Link Budget and
Site Requirement Calculation
Link Budget Calculation – 64QAM Modulation
Link Budget Calculation – 16QAM Modulation
Link Budget Calculation – QPSK Modulation
Site Requirement
2G GSM900 Traffic Offload – Bali 2014
Success Story
2G GSM900 Traffic Offload – Bali 2014
Step by step offload strategy :
1. Aggressive Layering parameter adjustment
• Idle parameter adjustment
• Handover parameter adjustment
• HR & Directed Retry setting adjustment
2. Capacity Improvement
• TRX Upgrade
• New DCS1800 Collocation
3. Capacity Enhancement
• PDCH and SDCCH channel optimization
• OSC Half Rate with SAIC MS
• OSC Enhancement Feature
4. Inter System parameter adjustment
• ISHO Activation
• Inter-System Parameter Adjustment
5. Coverage & Capacity Compensation
• Physical Tuning
• Antenna Tilting/Panning
6. Downgrade GSM900 TRX to 1/1/1
2G GSM900 Traffic Offload – Bali 2014

❶ ❷ ❸ ❶ ❷ ❸

Notes:
❶ 01 Sep 2014:
Started GSM900
Traffic Offload
❷ 14 Oct 2014:
Started GSM900 TRX
Downgrade to 1/1/1

❶ ❷ ❸ ❶ ❷ ❸ ❸ 09 Dec 2014:
LTE900 Launching in
Bali
2G GSM900 Traffic Offload – Bali 2014

Before (#Cells) After (#Cells)
Utilization Range
GSM900 DCS1800 GSM900 DCS1800 Note :
0 - 50% 711 707 531 787 • Utilization Calculated based on GOS 5%
50% - 70% 94 111 75 166 and Half Rate 30%
70% - 100% 54 118 51 126 • GSM900 Cell decrease due to some cell
100% - 150% 32 78 60 78 locked due to High UL interference
> 150% 3 11 25 12
• DCS1800 Cells increase due to New
Total 894 1025 742 1169
Colocated DCS1800 OnAir

Summary
The Traffic Offload
• No Voice Traffic Reduction before and after was successfully
GSM900 TRX Downgrade implemented without
• No KPI Degradation KPI Degradation and
• 2G Voice blocking is reduced Voice Traffic
• No shrinking coverage, since the BTS power Reduction
is kept in the same level
Operational/Lessons Learnt from Bali
Implementation
Lessons Learnt – Bali LTE (1/2)

Topics Issues identified Forward Action
Smart LTE Layering Need longer time to camp to LTE after CSFB from 3G The feature has to be activated across the LTE
feature in 3G clusters.
Feature  LTE system information Many TAU reject after feature implemented For every changing or new addition related LAC and
feature in 2G RAC in 2G and 3G, it shall be registered also in DNS
for LTE side

Coverage Bad spots were identified due to coverage along main - Need to cater for the possible coverage issues in
route. initial planning phase including VIP routes.

Design Quality Low performance is suspected due to external interference Early detection and escalation and also timely
fixation of issues to minimize the impact.

Routing creation Low Intra-Frequency HOSR due to many 'X2 link interface' Regular database checking with actual routing
alarms configuration and close coordination with other
transmission vendor.

Quality Low throughput at International Airport due to high packet Ensure the transmission quality prior to LTE
Transport loss at indoor site (AIRPORTMAC2IT) integration.

Capacity Throughput limitation (Max DL throughput only 18 Mbps) Ensure transmission bandwidth is enough as per
at MIMO site planning guideline prior to implementation.
Lessons Learnt – Bali LTE (2/2)

Topics Issues identified Forward Action
High # of esm failure cause • Singtel SPGW issues • Diff failure cause
• APN provisioning issues in HSS for local subscribers • Audit the HSS APN profile for
subs
Configuration CSFB Paging Issue Found out that certain numbers where handled by MSS • Plan in advance the MSS that
Issues Kupang. Had to take out MSS Kupang from the MSS need to be included for MME
pool DB of MME DB
DNS configuration TAU succ rate low due to incomplete DNS database • Need to secure all the DNS
update for 3G RAC configuration in advance.
MMS not working Problem caused due to mis-configuration in DNS, • Make this as standard ATP
corrected. procedure.
Timezone update not working NITZ was not activated in the MME, the feature was • Connect NTP to MME and
Feature & activated with PR file using SG’s possible use of NITZ from MME
Functionality Return to LTE after CSFB taking Identified due to different release cause in L3 for • Add additional testing scenario
long postpaid and prepaid (prepaid release with cause “rrc with Kartu Halo/Simpati/Kartu
redirection”, whereas post paid “normal cause”. As
Currently ongoing care case for problem
identification/solution.
Organization Chart
Organization Chart LTE Makassar

PM LTE
Waliyul Mursidin Lead CARE Manager
081322300999 CARE RAN Manager Yuki Arif
NPO Lead In MAkassar Sabrang Adi Dasa
Ngurah 0811937875
CARE CORE Manager Erlang National NPO*
NPO Refarming & Offloading Bharata Wiryandaru R
Ariek C Putro 08119401961
CARE VAS Manager TI Manager National
NPO LTE in HQ Doddy Hendarko Ghufron Alhuda
Palito Ricardo 08121262971
Strategic
Transport Planner SPMS/Spare Parts Devi H Irfan Setiawan, Bambang
Ahmad Muzayin 08119442956 Soempono, Andyan

Tech. PM
Arman Wahyudi ./Aviev A.
Network Performance
Implementation Baby Sitting
and Optim
Performance
Nirmalan Jaya, Lantip

FM LTE Makassar NPO LTE Lead Babysitting Coordinator
Adi Silalahi Bayu Nurputranto Mahindra CMPP**
082188356981 0811415203 08121232686 Tuti Sembiring

Project Engineer LTE Transport Planning David eNB Engineer Core Project
Zulqadar Simamorang 2 x NN Zainal Mutaqin

Project Engineer LTE PS Core Engineer BAST
Iwan Dinata 2 x NN Mia Mariam

DEA Engineer PO Mngmnt
1 x NN Yuliana F

Project Office
CS Core Engineer1 x NN
Organization Chart Balikpapan

PM LTE
Waliyul Mursidin Lead CARE Manager
081322300999 CARE RAN Manager Yuki Arif
NPO LeadI Sabrang Adi Dasa
Oky Syachrul 0811937875
CARE CORE Manager Erlang National NPO*
NPO Refarming & Offloading Bharata Wiryandaru R
Ariek C Putro 08119401961
CARE VAS Manager TI Manager National
NPO LTE in HQ Doddy Hendarko Ghufron Alhuda
Palito Ricardo 08121262971
Strategic
Transport Planner SPMS/Spare Parts Devi H Irfan Setiawan, Bambang
Ahmad Muzayin 08119442956 Soempono, Andyan

Tech. PM
Arman Wahyudi ./Aviev A.
Network Performance
Implementation Baby Sitting
and Optim
Performance
Nirmalan Jaya, Lantip

FM LTE Balikpapan NPO LTE Lead Babysitting Coordinator
Syaiful Hidayat/Erick Kohar wahyu artana Azim Zulkarnain CMPP**
Tuti Sembiring

Project Engineer LTE Transport Planning eNB Engineer Core Project
Yudha Sudrajat Mossadegh 2 x NN Zainal Mutaqin

Project Engineer LTE PS Core Engineer BAST
NN 2 x NN Mia Mariam

DEA Engineer PO Mngmnt
1 x NN Yuliana F

Project Office
CS Core Engineer1 x NN