Codes & Standards

A Brief Introduction

Traffic Code. Codes VS Standards • What is the difference between the terms Codes and Standards? • Both are collection of rules and procedures. but: • Code usually implies legally binding. like ISO 9000 etc. . Indian Penal Code etc • Standard usually implies a voluntary model..

industry standards. computers. • Food. etc. clothing. thereby removing trade barriers and promoting competition. Standards • Standards just affect everything in our daily life and professional life. • Standards provide confidence. . cars. • Standards set the bench mark to which everything else is measured. reliability and compatibility in the market place.

What is a Code? • A standard becomes a Code when it has been adopted by one or more governmental agencies and is enforceable by law or when it has been incorporated in a business contract. .

not having the force of law. What is a Standard? • A Standard can be defined as a set of definitions and guidelines that function as instructions to designers. . are considered voluntary and serve as guidelines. operators or users of equipment. • It also provide stamps that accredited manufacturers affix on to their products. manufacturers. • Standards.

. 114 pages. • The first Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (1914) was published in 1915. fabrication and inspection of boilers and pressure vessels. ASME BPVC Section I • The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel (BPVC) Code is a standard that provides rules for design. • Today it has 28 books. 1 book. with support documents.

Other Sections • Section II: Materials • Section III: Nuclear Facility Components • Section IV: Heating Boilers-Construction • Section V: Non-destructive examination • Section VI: Heating Boilers: Operation • Section VII: Guidelines for Power Boilers • Section VIII: Pressure Vessels-Construction .

• Section IX: Welding & Brazing Qualifications • Section X: Fiber reinforced Plastic Pressure vessels • Section XI: In-service Inspection-Nuclear power plat components • Section XII: Transport tank-Construction and service • Code cases: Boilers & pressure Vessels • Code Cases: Nuclear Components . Other Sections..

• Mechanical properties. . test specimens. • It provides material specifications for ferrous materials. • The designation start with ‘SA’ taken from ASTM A spec. ASME BPVC Section II • Part A: Ferrous material Specifications • This part is supplementary book referred by other sections of the Code. which are suitable for use in the construction of pressure vessels. heta treatment. testing methodologies. chemical composition.

It provides tables for design stress values as well as tables for material properties. • Part D: Properties ( Customary/ Metric) This part is a supplementary book referred by other sections of the Code. electrodes and filler materials. ASME BPVC Section II • Part B: Non-Ferrous Materials Specifications • Part C: Specifications for welding rods. .

. ASME BPVC Section III • Rules for construction of nuclear facility components and supports. • To be installed in a nuclear power system that serves the purpose of producing and controlling the output of thermal energy from nuclear fuel and associated systems. • Deterioration in service due to radiation effects not addressed.

ASME BPVC Section VIII • Division 1: This division covers the mandatory requirements. design. over-pressure protection and certification of pressure vessels having an internal or external pressure which exceeds 15 psi ( 100 kPa). inspection and testing. markings and reports. The pressure can be either fired or unfired. specific prohibitions and non mandatory guidance for materials. . fabrication.

. • Division 3.Alternate Rules: • The rules contained in this section can be used as an alternative to the minimum requirements specified in Division 1. Alternate Rules.High Pressure • For pressure which exceed 10000psi (70000kPa) . ASME BPVC Section VIII • Division 2. More onerous hence higher stress intensity values allowed.

services and good practice. . they help to break down barriers to international trade barriers. Developed through global consensus. International Standards give state of the art specifications for products. ISO • ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is the world’s largest developer of voluntary International Standards. helping to make industry more efficient and effective.

they are the result of international. Therefore. organizations can benefit from global management experience and good practice . ISO Management System Standards • Management system standards provide a model to follow when setting up and operating a management system. expert consensus. by implementing a management system standard. Like all ISO standards.

ISO Management System Standards • ISO 9000: Quality management System family • ISO 14000: Environment management System family • ISO 27001: Information Security • ISO 50001: Energy Management family .

• BIS has identified 14 sectors which are important to Indian Industry. The Standards are regularly reviewed and formulated in line with the technological development to maintain harmony with the International Standards. recognition and promotion of the Indian Standards. These cover important segments of economy. 18446 Standards formulated by BIS. are in force. which help the industry in upgrading the quality of their products and services. For formulation of Indian Standard. . As on 31 March 2008. it has separate Division Council to oversee and supervise the work. BIS: Bureau of Indian Standards • One of the major functions of the Bureau is the formulation.

BIS/ISO • Management System Certification • Quality Management System Certification Scheme IS/ISO 9001 • Environmental Management System Certification Scheme IS/ISO 14001 • Occupational Health and Safety Management System Certification Scheme IS 18001 • Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Scheme IS/ISO 22000 • Service Quality Management System Certification Scheme IS 15700 .

certification is mandatory. Thermometers etc.. Because these products are concerned with health and safety . IS: Product Certifications • Product Certification Scheme • Product Certifications are to be obtained voluntarily. But for some of the products like Milk powder. LPG Cylinders. Drinking Water.