CONSTRUCTIVE PROCESSES IN

CIVIL ENGINEERING

Ximena Falla Lecc

CONSTRUCTIV E PROCESSES IN CIVIL ENGINEERING Planning system Development System .

areas. terrain. . Planning system Previous terrain recognition Review of Comparison Direct available with studies observation maps in the in adjacent of the area.

Environme Planning Preliminar ntal system y studies impact study. . Studies of soil mechanics . Topograph ic study.

the project is done. . Planning system Basic Project of project execution The basic formulation of They contain the design. exact dimensioning. temporary plants and elevations. programming of project without determining the execution and budget. which blueprints. detailed consists of the design of specifications.

DEVELOPMENT SYSTEM .

Provisional constructions and preliminary works Provisional Provisional installations Preliminary works constructions Offices Dressing rooms Water Drainage Guard stalls Telephone and Warehouses Dining rooms Hygienic services Electric power communication installation Perimeter fences Constructions poster .

The stroke is the process of defining and measuring in a terrain the dimensions of the construction site. construction. . levels and The stakeout is the operation that aims to transfer to the stakeout The leveling consists in establishing a terrain the permanent dimensions and reference level shapes indicated in during the the blueprints. Strokes.

Excavations The excavation of ditches will be carried out so that the trenches allow the foundations to have the dimensions and reach the depths specified in the blueprints. Manual Mechanics .

Upon . towards the ground or the underlying rock.Cuts: The cuts are open-pit excavations in the natural terrain to reach the level specified in the blueprint. Fillings: Filling is the work carried out in the construction to raise the elevation of the natural profile of the terrain. Foundations: Part of the structure that allows the transmission of the loads that act. .foundations: Structural elements are found above the foundations and serve as a link between the wall and the foundation. or restore a level after excavation.

mezzanines or roofs. producing the maximum values in the lower and upper cord. The bending stress causes tension and compression. .Columns Beams The columns are structural elements that serve to support axial loads that come from the Linear constructional element factorized loads of all the that works mainly in bending. producing in them compression and tension.

extension. Slabs Solid slabs Lightened Slabs These are slabs of flat or curved surfaces. . These are slabs made made up of concrete of concrete joists and in all its thickness and light filler elements.

joists and roof. . They have the structural function. vaults. beams. These walls do Non-bearing walls not support loads due to the material with which they are built. they support loads of other structural Supporting walls elements such as arches. Masonry walls Only act as enclosure and divisions.