The Philippine

Clean Air Act of
1999 (RA 8749)
by:
Engr. Florencio E. Dominguez, Jr.
Chief, Pollution Control Division
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU 10

Presented during the National Convention of the League of Sanitation
Inspectors of the Philippines on May 19, 2009 at Hotel Conchita, Cagayan de Oro City

Composition of Clean Air
Oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, methane,
hydrogen, helium, neon, krypton, xenon, argon

heavy metals . nitrogen oxide (NO) .carbon monoxide (CO). . Types of Air Pollutants a) Primary Those emitted directly from the source Examples: .particulate matter (PM). .sulfur dioxide (SOx).

Examples: . ozone (O3) Metro Manila . nitrogen dioxide (NO2) . Types of Air Pollutants b) Secondary Those produced in the air by interaction between two or more primary pollutants with or without sunlight. sulfuric Acid (H2SO4) .

industries)  Mobile Sources (transport)  Area Sources (open burning. Sources of Air Pollution  Stationary Sources (power plants. cooking) .

Mobile Sources: Transport Major contributor to air pollution .

. AIR QUALITY STATUS Source: National Air Quality Status Report (2003-2004)  In 2003 and 2004. the highest average annual TSP roadside concentration measured was more than 10 times the 90 METRO MANILA μg/Nm3 NAAQ guideline value. total suspended particulates (TSP) in Metro Manila and in most major cities and urban centers nationwide exceeded the mean annual NAAQ Guideline Value. In 2004.

AIR QUALITY STATUS Source: National Air Quality Status Report (2003-2004)  PM10 concentrations in Metro Manila and Cagayan de Oro City are within 24-hr guideline value.5 levels in Metro Manila exceeded the USEPA annual guideline value of 15 μg/Nm3 and 24 hour NAAQ guideline METRO MANILA value of 65 μg/Nm3 . Annual guideline values were exceeded in Valenzuela and EDSA (QC)  PM2.

 Hourly ozone concentrations in Metro Manila were above the NAAQ guideline value of METRO MANILA 70 ppb for about three hours . AIR QUALITY STATUS Source: National Air Quality Status Report (2003-2004)  SO2 concentrations in Metro Manila and Cagayan de Oro City were way below the NAAQ 24- hr and annual guideline values.

Salient Provisions of the CLEAN AIR ACT of 1999 (Republic Act 8749) .

. DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES  The State shall protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature.

Mandates of Government Agencies In Implementing the Clean Air Act .

DENR  Primary agency responsible in the implementation of the Clean Air Act  Other Implementing Agencies:  DOTC  DTI  DOE  DOST  LGUs  Partner Organizations: NGOs. Business . POs.

05%) .Reduction of benzene (from 4 to 2%) and aromatic hydrocarbon in gasoline (from 45 to 35%) . IMPROVEMENT OF FUEL COMPOSITION FOR INCREASED EFFICIENCY AND REDUCED EMISSONS 1. I.Reduction of sulfur content in diesel fuel (from 0. Improvement in the Quality of Fuel .2 to 0.

IMPROVEMENT OF FUEL COMPOSITION FOR INCREASED EFFICIENCY AND REDUCED EMISSONS 2.I. Phase Out of Leaded Gasoline .

Use of Alternative Fuels  Compressed natural gas (CNG)  Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)  Cocomethyl Ester (CME) or cocodiesel or bio-diesel (presently 2% volume)  Bio-ethanol blend for gasoline (presently at 5% by volume) . I. IMPROVEMENT OF FUEL COMPOSITION FOR INCREASED EFFICIENCY AND REDUCED EMISSONS 3.

Standards for New and In- Use Motor Vehicles including rebuilt and second hand vehicles (DAO 2003-51)  For gasoline-fed engines – initially registered on or before December 31. CO emission up • For diesel engines. CO emission up to 4. II. PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION FROM MOBILE SOURCES 1.5% and HC up to 600 ppm light absorption coefficient . 2. 2002. 2003.5% and HC emission up to 800 ppm  For gasoline-fed engines – initially registered after January 1.5 m-1 to 3.

PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF MOBILE SOURCES 2. II. Standards for motorcycles •Emission standards for hydrocarbons for in-use motorcycles (HC up to 7800 ppm for motorcycles operating in urban areas. HC up to 10000 ppm in rural areas) •Certificates of Conformity to manufacturers/assemblers or importers •Certificates for Emission Test Equipment Used in Private Emission Testing Centers .

4. II.Authorize duly accredited private emission testing centers to conduct emission test to private vehicles. Establish Motor Vehicle Inspection System (MVIS) in LTO Regional Offices. PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF MOBILE SOURCES 3. 5. DOTC may deputize other law enforcement agencies and LGUs to enforce emission standards (apprehension and test). .

LGU.14 airsheds designated throughout the country Management by an Airshed Governing Board composed of GO. AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Designation of Airsheds . and private sector representatives .NGO.III. PO.

III. AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Establishment of Air Quality Monitoring Stations  Criteria Pollutants: SOX. NOX. ozone  Non-criteria Pollutants: benzene. PM. xylene Cagayan de Oro Telemetry Air Monitoring Station at Xavier University . toluene.

V. 2 cement plants.installed in 8 power plants. PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION FROM STATIONARY SOURCES  Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems (CEMS) . and 2 petrochemical plants  Ban on Incineration (including hospital waste)  Third party Emission Testing as requirement for renewal of permit .

V. PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION FROM STATIONARY SOURCES  Sets Emission Standards and Ambient Standards  Imposes PhP100.000 daily for non-compliance with the standards  Without prejudice to the immediate issuance of ex- parte order  Imprisonment for offenders .

END OF PRESENTATION STEAG STATE POWER .