Agricultural

Development
and
Modernization

AEC

and still have to modernize need to pass through the following five stages without any exception: AEC . are in the process of modernizing.Agricultural Modernization and Development Walt Whitman Rostow believed that all societies that have modernized.

AEC . (b) formation of social overhead capital. most particularly on transport which leads to the creation of the national market and the productive utilization of natural resources. Preconditions for take-Off – there are some noticeable changes that take place as a consequence of certain exogenous factors or some external intrusion by advanced nations into a lagging society: (a) increased productivity.Agricultural Modernization and Development Traditional Society – a subsistence economy wherein production of basic crops is the top priority. (c) initial successes obtained in trading with other countries. geared towards self sufficiency.

Great Britain – successful political and religious settlements rewarding nonconformists like scientists for their innovative achievements naval prowess that facilitated the transport of goods to other countries and possession of superior raw materials AEC .The preconditions for take-off The first country to be modernized in 1850.

Take-off – the most crucial stage. (b) institutions are fully modernized. Great Britain – textile industry USA. Russia - railroads Sweden . France. Canada. giving support mechanism for development. Germany.modern timber cutting AEC . (c) there must be one or more sectors that should initially develop items of high rates of growth or “ a minority which form a leading elite in economic growth”. This stage can be realized if (a) there is increased savings and investment from the national income.

This stage is also characterized by economic gains outstripping population increase. To sustain the full Application of modern technology to all productive areas of the economy.Drive to Maturity – the period when a society has effectively applied the range of modern technology to all sectors of the economy. an increase of savings and investment from 10 to 20% of the national income must be maintained. AEC .

Russia (1950). Sweden (1930). AEC . and Canada (1950). Japan (1940). United States (1900). Germany (1910).Age of High Mass Consumption – the society can now provide its ordinary citizens with all the amenities and convenience of modern life. The following countries passed through the following stages without exception according to Rostow before they became modernized. France (1910).

APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.Agriculture and Fisheries Modrnization Act of 1997 [REPUBLIC ACT NO. FOCUSED AND RATIONAL DELIVERY OF NECESSARY SUPPORT SERVICES. 8435] AN ACT PRESCRIBING URGENT RELATED MEASURES TO MODERNIZE THE AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES SECTORS FO THE COUNTRY IN ORDER TO ENHANCE THEIR PROFITABILITY. AND PREPARE SAID SECTORS FOR THE CHALLENGES OF GLOBALIZATION THROUGH AN ADEQUATE. AEC .

AGRIBUSINESS AGRO-INDUSTRY AEC . OBJ ECTIVES OF AFMA ACCESS TO RESOURCES INCOME IMPROVED FARMERS QUALITY HIGHER VALUE CROPS HIGHER FISHERMEN OF LIFE PROFITS HIGHER ADDED VALUE PROCESSING.

AFMA HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT PLAN SCHOLARSHIP CONTINUING PROGRAM EDUCATION PROGRAM MERIT AF PROFESSIONAL SYSTEM BOARD S&T EDUCATION/TRAINING [CHED] NAFES (All Levels) BUDGET QUALITY/RELEVANCE ACCESS & EQUITY NUCAF NCE PIAF •INSTRUCTION AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES •RESEARCH MODERNIZATION •EXTENSION AEC .

COMPONENTS OF AN AGRICULTURE ENTERPRISE AGRO-INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISE LABOR CAPITAL TECHNOLOGY TECHNOLOGY RAW RAW MATERIALS MATERIALS •DIVERSITY •EFFICIENCY MARKET MARKET •PRODUCTIVITY UTILIZATION •INCOME AEC .

STRATEGIC AGRICULTURAL AND FISHERIES DEVELOPMENT PROCESSING INVESTMENT/CREDIT ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION SAFD ZONE PRODUCT STANDARD & PRODUCTION CONSUMER SAFETY [DA/ LGU/ NGO/ PRIVATE] IRRIGATION IRRIGATED.FOOD SECURITY. HUMAN RESOURCE ALLUVIAL PLAINS. MARKETING HIGHLANDS-HVC. AGRO.LANDS R & D •LIMITED LAND AGRO-INDUSTRIAL AGRIBUSINESS ENTREPRENEUR CONVERSION NO IDLE LAND POVERTY ALLEVIATION & SOCIAL EQUITY. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. RATIONAL USE OF RESOURCES.FRAGILE EXTENSION AGRIC. PEOPLE EMPOWERMENT AEC . GLOBAL COMPETETIVENESS. IRRIGABLE. CROPLANDS. DEVELOPMENT INDUS.

PRESSURE TO ACCELERATE PROGRESSION OF FARM/FISH TO AGRIBUSINESS CARP (BREAK-UP OF TRADE LIBERALIZATION COMMERCIAL FARMS) (TIME PRESSURE) SMALLHOLDERS AGRIBUSINESS ENTERPRISE AGRICULTURE- BASED COMPANY SMALLHOLDERS GESTATION ENTERPRISES ECONOMIC WELL-BEING •GOOD INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT HEALTH FOOD EXPERTISE •EDUCATION SECURITY BUSINESS FIRMS •CITIZENSHIP PARTNERSHIP AEC ADC SCOPE .

Challenges in Agricultural Education SUCs Academic Programs RESEARCHERS/ ENTREPRENEUR DEVELOPMENT SCIENTISTS MANAGERS •Crop Science •PROBLEM-SOLVING Institutional •Animal Science ORIENTED •Crop Protection •SCIENCE-BASED Capability •INTEGRATIVE •Agricultural Economics Facilities •SYSTEMS APPROACH •Agricultural Extension Faculty and •VALUE-LADEN •Soil Science CURRICULUM Staff AFMA BOARD EXAM AEC .

AFMA HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT PLAN SCHOLARSHIP CONTINUING PROGRAM EDUCATION PROGRAM MERIT S&T AF PROFESSIONAL SYSTEM EDUCATION/TRAINING BOARD [CHED] QUALITY/RELEVANCE NAFES (All Levels) BUDGET ACCESS & EQUITY NCE NUCAF •INSTRUCTION PIAF •RESEARCH AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES •EXTENSION MODERNIZATION AEC .

Challenges in SUC RDE System •Problem-solving oriented UPSTREAM Excellence •Science-based MIDSTREAM Accountability •Integrative DOWNSTREAM Communication •System approach BAR – RDE NETWORKS (national/regional) Re-tooling Incentive Support staff Research Implementation Proposal Approval by Publications Problem By Proponents Preparation Funding Extension ID/Analysis Facilities Agency Conferences Workload SUC Peer Review & Evaluation Credible & Efficient Fund Management PEER REVIEW SUC Monitoring & Evaluation SUC SCIENCE/RESEARCH CULTURE AEC .

AI PRODUCTS NAT’L. POLICIES (DA) DIFF. FACILITATORS and REGULATORS INCREASED EFFICIENCY LGU UNITS/FACILITATOR AGRO-INDUSTRIAL INCREASED PRODUCTIVITY and RAGULATOR ENTERPRISE KNOWLEDGE & TECHNOLOGY SOURCE (TRAINING) INCREASED INCOME OF ENTREPRENEUR COMMUNITY MOBILIZATION INSTITUTES (NGOs. GOV’T. etc. STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT SUPPORT AGENCIES EXPECTED PERFORMANCE NAT’L.) SOURCE OF INPUTS SOURCE OF CAPITAL ECONOMIC WELL-BEING MARKET AEC . GOV’T.