# TRIGONOMETRY

PRESENTED BY:
NOOR SUHAILY MISROM

In daily life, whether we realize it or not we are
constantly exposed to the use of angle

Sine Function

opposite
sin  
hypotenuse

Cosine Function adjacent cos  hypotenuse .

Tangent Function opposite tan   adjacent .

 1st person goes to section 1  2nd person goes to section 2  3rd person goes to section 3 3. There will be a total of 3 sections. (10 minutes) 6. The group members are assigned to one different section each. Evaluation time . When you are done. Form 3 groups of 3/4 members each. 2. returns to your original group and take turns to present your findings to the other members. Check your answers with the teachers. In your temporary groups (by sections) students discuss and try to solve the questions in that section.(5 minutes) 4.(15 minutes) 5.ACTIVITY Instruction: 1.

An altitude is drawn to partition the original triangle into two smaller right triangles. what are the angles of the original whole triangle? . coloured yellow and purple in the diagram above.5 times the area of the yellow triangle. If the area of the purple triangle is 1.Question 1: Find the Missing Angles Consider a triangle with one angle equal to 45 degrees.

we now have all the angles of the original triangle: 45°.5 times the area. we can set that length equal to 1. so its legs have equal length. 1 . 33.31º = 33. If the purple triangle has 1. .69º and 45º + 56.  Without any loss of generality.31º Since 90º . The yellow triangle is a 45-45-90-degree triangle.31°.5 tan x  1 x = tan-1 1.5.56.69°.31º.Solution Question 1  An altitude line splits the triangle into two right triangles. then its leg lengths are 1 and 1. and 101.31º = 101.5 = 56.

Question 2: Isosceles Integer Triangles An isosceles triangle has a perimeter of 18 and integer side lengths. What is the smallest possible area? .

{8. 7} height = 3 height = 3*sqrt(5) area = 12 area = 6*sqrt(5)/13. 6} . 8}  Using the Pythagoras Theorem we can find the heights of the triangles as follows: {5. {7.42 {6. 5} . 6} {8. They are: {5. 4. 4. 5} {7. 2.Solution Question 2  There are only a finite number of triangles that have integer side lengths. 8} height = 3*sqrt(3) height = 3*sqrt(7) area = 9*sqrt(3)/ 15. are isosceles. 6. 8.94  Triangle {8.59 area = 3*sqrt(7)/ 7. and have a perimeter of 18. 2. 8. 6. 7} . {6. 8} have a smallest area . 2.

Question 3 Right Triangles of Equal Area Two right triangles share a common side and have equal areas. what are the angles of the dark green triangle? . The hypotenuse of the light green triangle is one of the legs of dark green triangle stacked on top of it. If the smallest angle of light green triangle is 18 degrees.

the other leg is an unknown value x. Then one leg of the dark green triangle is 1.38º .16.2939 90º . so x × 1 = sin(18) × cos(18) x = 0.62º and 16.38º= 73.Solution: Question 3  For the sake of simplicity let's say the legs of the light green triangle are cos(18) and sin(18) and the hypotenuse is 1.2939 0.2939 = 16.2939 a tan a  1 = 0. 90º .a If two right triangles have equal areas.62º a = tan-1 0.38º  So the angles of the dark green triangle are 90º. 73.

Did you achieve your group’s objectives? .what behaviour that should be continue or change in the future? . .State 1 behaviour of any of your group members that was helpful or were not helpful.EVALUATION  Discuss in the group and answer this questions: .

COOPERATIVE LEARNING THEORY PRESENTED BY: NOOR SUHAILY MISROM .

Kurt Lewin and Morton Deutsh in the 1930s and 1940s.WHO? WHEN?  Established by John Dewey. .

WHO? WHEN?  The model had interest many researchers including David W. 1975 – Johnson and Johnson actively contributed in cooperative learning theory. 1994 – 5 Elements of cooperative learning model is developed. Johnson and Roger T. (important contribution) . Johnson starting from 1975 onwards.

What is Cooperative Learning? .

students within the team cooperate with one another and work through the assignment until each team member successfully understands and completes it.  After team members are organized into these small groups and receive instruction from their teacher. work together to maximize their individual and collective learning. (2 – 6 members). .Cooperative Learning Defined:  CL is an instructional strategy where small teams of students.

medium and low academic achieving students. culture and socioeconomic status)  Team members contribute their knowledge.What Does a Cooperative Model Look Like?  Work cooperatively  Responsible for their own individual learning as well as for their teammates learning. . experience.  Teams are heterogeneous (gender. race.  Teams are made up of high. skills and resources to the group.  Team members acquire new skills and knowledge.

5 ELEMENTS IN COOPERATIVE LEARNING .

POSITIVE INTERDEPENDENCE • Sink or swim together • You need each other to complete your task. • How do you get it? – Establish mutual goals – Come up with rewards to everyone – Share materials and information – Assign roles .

FACE TO FACE • You get to talk in class! – But only about your project by… • Summarizing the lesson or assignment • Helping each other out by explaining assignments or further discussing them with your group • Sit facing each other – Not in rows or lines • Look at the speaker (eye-contact) • Think about what they are saying .

(< size of the group.INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTABILITY  Each team member must contribute to the group as a whole  Each team member is accountable for helping the group reach its goals  Keep the size of the group small. > the individual accountability)  Randomly examining students orally by calling on one student to present his or her group's work .

INTERPERSONAL & SMALL GROUP SKILLS Each team member must:  be motivated  provide effective leadership  be able to make decisions  be able to build trust  be able to communicate  be able to manage conflict (don’t be too emotional) .

GROUP PROCESSING  Groups need time to think and reflect  Group members discuss how well they are achieving their goals and maintaining effective working relationships  Make decisions about what behaviours to continue or change .

Develop materials 5. Plan for the use of time and space . Form student teams 4. Choose an approach 2. Choose appropriate content 3. Planning for Cooperative Learning:  There are six key steps involved in planning for cooperative learning: 1. Plan for orienting students to tasks and roles 6.

forming a new group. . In this matter. Assessing and Evaluating Cooperative Learning: Jigsaw Example The jigsaw is a great strategy to use in your classroom. To use this strategy: 1) divide the students into groups. This new group learns their part together then plans how to teach this material to members of their original groups. a topic or subject of great length can be covered and learned in a fraction of the usual time. 4) Students later return to their original and teach their area of expertise to the other group members. 2) Each group member is assigned a section or a part of the material selected for study. Students can also learn the material much more effectively since they also must become teachers of the content they have learned for the members of their original groups. 3) Each student meets with the members of other similar groups who have similar assignments.