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Presented

By

Moghees Ali 058


Faisal Masood 048
Muhammad Usman 066
Zaid Khalid 049
CHINA PAKISTAN ECONOMIC
CORRIDOR(CPEC) MEGA PROJECT
GENERAL OVERVIEW
Diplomatic relations between Pakistan and China were setup in
1951 after Pakistan became one of the first country in the world to
officially recognize the People Republic of China. The relationship
between two countries remain closed ever since both countries
working together with each other as strong strategic alliance.
Military Relationship:
China become the largest exporter of military equipment to
Pakistan in 2016. Both countries have jointly worked in the
making of JF 17 thunder fighter aircraft, K8 Karakorum Training
Aircraft and Al-Khalid Battle Tank.
Economic Relation:
Trade between two countries has expanded at a rapid period of
time with China becoming the second largest exporter of Pakistan
as well as largest export in the year 2015-2016. The trade
between two countries in the year 2015-2016 worth more than
$12 Billion.
Introduction
Also known as CPEC) is an economic
corridor comprising a collection of projects
currently under construction at a cost of
$55 billion. CPEC aims to facilitate trade
along an overland route that
connects Kashgar and Gwadar, through the
construction of a network of highways,
railways, and pipelines.
Introduction Continued
China-Pakistan Economic Corridor is a framework of
regional connectivity. CPEC will not only benefit China
and Pakistan but will have positive impact on Iran,
Afghanistan, India, Central Asian Republic, and the
region.

China Pakistan Economic Corridor is journey towards


economic regionalization in the globalized world. It
founded peace, development, and win-win model for all
of them.

China Pakistan Economic Corridor is hope of better


region of the future with peace, development and growth
of economy.
HISTORY OF GWADAR

Pakistan identified Gwadar as a port site as far


back as 1954 when Gwadar was still under Omani
rule
After four years of negotiations, Pakistan
purchased the Gwadar enclave from Oman for $3
million on 8 September 1958 and Gwadar officially
became part of Pakistan on 8 December 1958,
after 200 years of Omani rule
At the time, Gwadar was a small and
underdeveloped fishing village with a population of
a few thousand
Cont.

Doing little business as a commercial port Pakistan


handed over the project of upgrading the port to
Chinese company

China was awarded this multi- billion dollars


contract in February 2013

Port will remain the property of Pakistan but would


be operated by the state-run Chinese firm China
Overseas Port Holding Company (COPHC)
Implementation Strategy
Implementation of the projects under
the PCEC has been divided into three
phases
Short-term projects are estimated to be
completed by 2017
Medium-term by 2025
Long-term by 2030
Work Break Down
Structure(WBS)
CPEC Route
Length:2,442 km (1,517 mi)
CPEC is not a road project. It is a framework with energy,
infrastructure, port, and industry projects. Gawadar will be
connected to Khunjrab through multiple routes as port will
serve different markets and destinations.

Route # 1 Gawadar- Quetta- Zhob- DI Khan- Islamabad to


Khunjrab,
Route # 2 Gawadar-Sukkur- Indus Highway to Khunjrab,
Route # 3 Gawadar-Sukkur- Karachi Peshawar Motorway
to Khunjrab
Scope of the Project
The PCEC is a multidimensional project
Encompassing Pak-China connectivity through
road and railway networks, laying down of fiber
optic cables, Gwadar Port and Several energy
projects. The whole project will be completed in
different section including Infrastructure, Energy,
agriculture, securities projects.
Scope of the Project contd..
Infrastructure & communication
the construction of a fiber-optic cable from
the Chinese border to the capital of Pakistan
the up gradation and realignment of the
Karakoram Highway linking Kashgar with
Abbottabad
the construction of the new Lahore-Karachi
Motorway
Scope of the Project contd..
Infrastructure & communication
Orange Line Metro Train in Lahore, and
projects related to the Gwadar Port,
Hazara Motorway
Peshawar-Karachi Motorway
Khunjrab - Gawdar Highway
Scope of the Project contd..
Power Sector
cooperation for the construction of the
Diamer-Bhasha Dam and the completion of
the Nandipur power project
Sukhi Kinari Hydropower Project
Karot Hydropower Project
Zonergy Solar Power Project
Scope of the Project contd..
Power Sector
Dawood Wind (DW) power project
Sachal Wind (SW)power project
Jhimpir Wind-power project
Port Qasim 2x660MW Coal-fired Power
Plant
Thar Block II 2x330MW Coal Fired Power
project
Opportunities for Agriculture

Agriculture in Pakistan

Agriculture in China
SWOT ANALYSIS
Strength:
spirit of the relationship between the two
countries
common interest of both countries
Already have bilateral working experience
Political Harmony among political parties in
Pakistan
SWOT ANALYSIS contd..
Weakness:
Skill Level of Pakistani workforce working
on the project
Pakistan present economic situation
SWOT ANALYSIS contd..
Opportunity:
Already Existing Infrastructure like
Karakorum highway, M1, M2, motorway
which is part of the mega project
Economic collaboration
Strategic partner
SWOT ANALYSIS contd..
Threats:
Security situation in Pakistan
Withdrawal of financer(china state
institution/companies)
Political unrest in Pakistan
Neighbor country interference
Some of the Projects Covered under
CPEC (Details)
1: INFRASTRUCTURE

2: ENERGY

3: SECURITY
1: INFRASTRUCTURE
PROJECTS
1. Gwadar Port
2. Karachi-Lahore Motorway
3. Peshawar-Karachi Motorway
4. Hazara Motorway
5. Lahore metro line Train
DETAILS OF GWADAR PORT PROJECT
The long channel of Gwadar Port has been dredged to
14 meter depth

18.9 kms Eastbay Expressway has been built to help


flow of goods from and to Gwadar Port and later on it
will also include a 4.3 kms bridge alongside the sea

The port berths length is over 700 meters and on


requirement the berth length can be increased by two
to three times
OPERATION
The Port has officially started its operation on the 11th
of May, 2015

The first trade of it being a large export of fish(230


tons) to Dubais Jabal Ali Port where it has been
exported to different countries
BENEFITS OF EXPANSION OF GWADAR PORT
As an important route for oil tankers bound for Japan
and other countries out of the Gulf, the outflow of
goods from Western China and Central Asia reaching
Gwadar will pass through this overland trade route,
Pakistan can earn millions of dollars a year in terms of
cargo handling charges and also as freight charges for
import cargoes and export goods.
KARACHI-LAHORE MOTORWAY
Also known as "KLM
A high-speed, access-controlled, 6-lane motorway
that extends for 1,152 km
Current Status: Under-construction
Divided into 4 sections:
1. Karachi-Hyderabad Motorway
2. Hyderabad-Sukkur Motorway
3. Sukkur-Multan Motorway
4. Multan-Lahore Motorway
333km

387km

296km

136km
The motorway will facilitate commutes between
Karachi and other cities including Sukkur, Badin,
Ghotki, Rohri, Dadu, Pano Aqil, Abro, Rahim yar
Khan, Sadiqabad, Zahir Pir, Jalalpur Peerwala Abdul
Hakim, Pir Mahal, Mamo Kajan and Nankana Sahib

Planned Completion Date: September, 2017


4. PESHAWAR-KARACHI MOTORWAY
Will be built automatically since
Peshawar is already connected to
Islamabad and Lahore through
Motorway
It will be having 2 route options to
travel from Peshawar to Karachi and
vice versa
The M8 will start from Ratodero in Sindh Province and
enter Balochistan Province passing near the towns of
Khuzdar, Awaran, Hoshab, Turbat before joining
the Makran Coastal Highway just east of the port city
of Gwadar
The M8 will cross the Dasht River and pass near
the Mirani Dam in Balochistan Province
HAZARA MOTORWAY
Also called the E35 Expressway Motorway

An under-construction motorway linking Hassan


Abdal in Punjab with Haripur, Havelian,
Abbottabad and Mansehra

LENGTH 110 km
North End Shinkyari
South End Hassan Abdal
Lanes 4
Route Start Burhan Interchange
Point
. LAHORE METRO LINE TRAIN
An under-construction metro
train line project

When completed it will


connect Raiwind, Multan Road,
Mcleod Road, Lahore Junction
Railway station and the Grand
Trunk Road

It will be the first line of


the Lahore Metro, which is
country's first mass rapid
transit train system
Project Information
Current Status Initial stages
Estimated completion time 27 months
Completion Date March 2018
Project Cost $1.6 billion
PROJECT DETAILS
Stations 26

Daily Ridership 250,000

Operation Elevated and Underground

Line Length 27.1 km

Elevated Length 25.4

1. Ali Town 2. Niaz Baig 3. Canal View 4.Hanjarwal 5.Wahdat 6. Awan 7. Sabzazar
8.Shahnoor 9. Salahudin 10. Bund 11. Samanabad 12. Gulshan-e-Ravi
13.Chauborji 14. Lake Road CENTRAL 15.Lakshami 16.Sultanpura 17.University
18.Baghbanpura 19.Shalimar Gardens 20.Mint 21.Mahmood Islam Park
22.Salamalpura 23.Dera Gujran
2: ENERGY SECTOR PROJECTS
1. Sukhi Kinari Hydropower Project
2. Karot Hydropower Project
3. Zonergy Solar Power Project
4. Dawood Wind-power project
5. Sachal Wind-power project
6. Jhimpir Wind-power project
7. Port Qasim 2x660MW Coal-fired Power Plant
8. Thar Block II 2x330MW Coal Fired Power project
PAKISTANS ENERGY DEMAND
Electricity total installed capacity: 22,797 MW
Electricity Sources
fossil fuel 14,635 MW 64.2% of total(oil-35.2% + gas-
29%)
hydro 6,611 MW 29% of total
nuclear 1,322 MW 5.8% of total
average demand-17,000 MW
shortfall-between 4,000 MW and 5,000 MW
1. SUKHI KINARI HYDROPOWER PROJECT
The project is located in the Kaghan Valley in
Mansehra District and is easily accessible.
A run-of-the-river project
835 MW Generating capacity
Moreover due to its high design head of 900 meters
and relatively short Intake Structure crest, it is
considered one of the most cost effective hydropower
schemes in the region.
Power Generation: 840 MW
Designed to produce 2,958 GWh annually, this mega
project alone is expected to increase Pakistans existing
available power generation capacity by more than 5%
2. 720-MW KAROT HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT
Located on Jhelum River
Powerhouse to be located in the province of Punjab
and the Karot Dam a gravity dam, will be built on
Jhelum River
Power Generation Capacity: 720MW
3. DAWOOD WIND-POWER PROJECT
Location : Gharo (60 km east of Karachi)
Power Generation capacity: 50 MW
To be build by A Chinese company HydroChina
International Engineering Company
Cost: $120 million
4. QUAID-E-AZAM SOLAR PARK
Located in Bahawalpur, Punjab
Status: Under-construction (First 100 MW completed)
It is a 1,000MW photovoltaic power
station in Balochistan
The first 100 MW went operational in May 2015
100 MW capacity will be added at regular intervals
40,000 solar panels to be installed
Completion Date: By the end of 2016 (will generate
1000 MW since)
Cost: $131 million
3: SECURITY FOR CHINESE ENGINEERS
About 12,000 security personnel to protect Chinese
workers on the corridor

8000 security officials already deployed for the


protection of 8,100 Chinese workers
Allegations of Indian subversion against
(CPEC)
In March 2016, Pakistan announced that it had arrested a
suspected spy from India's Research and Analysis
Wing, Kulbhushan Yadav, who Pakistan accused of entering
Pakistan from Iran specifically to destabilize regions in
Pakistan's Balochistan province in order to hinder
implementation of CPEC projects.
Pakistan's Chief of Army Staff General Raheel Sharif in April
2016 accused India's Research and Analysis Wing of
destabilizing Pakistan in an attempt to disrupt and confound
implementation of various CPEC projects.
Pakistan's Secretary of Defense Lieutenant General Alam
Khattak stated in April 2016 that the arrest of Kulbhushan
Yadav indicated Indian interference in CPEC.
Benefits of CPEC
Infrastructure buildup including roads and railway track up
gradation.
Job opportunities for all Pakistan.
Very huge international investment
Economic empowerment to poor and backward areas like
Baluchistan, FATA and north Sind, Gilgitbaltistan, North-
West China regions including Xinjiang.
Joint research activities in various areas of life and
technology
Great opportunities for local and foreign investors in
region like Iran and Gulf countries
Increase demand of education, security and health will
provide better lifestyle accurse the corridor.
Conclusion
The China-Pakistan economic corridor will be the game
changer for the Pakistan. It is our duty to support this
corridor and encourage those who have low in power and
facilities like Baluchistan, FATA and Sind. Planners
should improve the map by delivering and connecting
more to needy and also encourage most populated and
existing industrial zone. Government should stretch its
planning and increase the number of stakeholders for
CPEC to get maximum juice of this joint step of Pakistan
and China governments. Long live Pak-China friendship.