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Inspections are visual examinations and manual

checks to determine the condition of an aircraft or
Airframe and engine inspections may range from
preflight inspections to detailed inspections.
The time intervals for the inspection periods vary with
the models of aircraft involved and the types of
operations being conducted..
Aircraft operating under the flight hour system are
inspected when a specified number of flight hours are
Before starting an inspection, be certain all plates,
access doors, fairings, and cowling have been opened
or removed and the structure cleaned

When opening inspection plates and cowling and

before cleaning the area, take note of any oil or other
evidence of fluid leakage
paperwork and/or reference manual information must
be accessed and studied before actually proceeding to
the aircraft to conduct the inspection.
The aircraft logbooks must be reviewed to provide
background information and a maintenance history of
the particular aircraft.
Additional publications may be referred to get an
information provided by the aircraft and engine
manufacturers, appliance manufacturers, parts
venders, and the Federal Aviation Administration
Records the data in which aircraft during the service
period .
Information gathered in this log is used to determine
the aircraft condition, date of inspections, time on
airframe, engines and propellers..
When the inspections are completed, appropriate
entries must be made in the aircraft logbook certifying
that the aircraft is in an airworthy condition and may
be returned to service..
Always use a checklist when performing an inspection.
1. Fuselage and Hull
.. Evidence of defects and insecure attachment of
Systems and components --- proper installation
2. Cabin and cockpit group
.. Seats and safety belts
.. Windows and windshields..
..Instruments conditions, installation , operation
. Flight control systems
3. Engine Group:---
,,,,Engine section --- for visual evidence of excessive
oil, fuel, or hydraulic leaks, and sources of such leaks..
,,,,, Engine mountfor cracks, looseness of mounting,
and looseness of engine to mount
,,,, Cowlingfor cracks and defects..
,,,, Lines, hoses, and clampsfor leaks, condition, and
4.Landing gear group:---
,,,,, Retracting and locking mechanismfor
proper operation
Wheelsfor cracks, defects, and condition of
Tiresfor wear and cuts.
5. Wing Group:--
..Fabric and skinfor deterioration, distortion, other
evidence of failure, and security of attachment..
,,,, Internal structure (spars, ribs compression
members)for cracks, bends, and security
,,,, Movable surfacesfor damage or obvious defects,
unsatisfactory fabric or skin attachment,,,
6. Empennage Group:---
,,,,, control Cables inspecting wear and tear, and
7. Propeller Group:----
,,,,,Propeller assemblyfor cracks, nicks, bends,
and oil leakage
,,,,,Boltsfor proper torquing and safetying
8. Communication and navigation group.
,,,,, Radio and electronic equipmentfor proper
installation and secure mounting
,,,,,,Antennasfor condition, secure mounting,
and proper operation.
,,,,, Parachute and other safety units like oxygen mask
,,,,, Autopilot systemfor general condition,
security of attachment, and proper operation
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