2 views

Uploaded by Natarajan Saravanan

EM

- If Em
- CAD course -MAE 656
- Lecture 5
- Mech_Intro2_14.0_L06_RigidBody
- MyHeelPad
- A New Model for the Simulation and Improvement of Resin Transfer Molding Process
- Zop
- Ensayo
- AEG Automotive Capabilities
- Notas FEA Analysis
- fem-130114135151-phpapp01
- AFEM.Ch03
- 2D-RC FRAME -DPM
- Report 1
- 22.IJMPERDAPR201822
- Visual Spark
- c14163
- OS-06_Introduction_of_optimization_tools_Maruti.pdf
- Lecture 24
- 2007 06 AUDI FED Opt Vehicle Front Part

You are on page 1of 32

Simulation:

To do [it] or not to do [it],

that is not the question.

Petr Krysl

http://Hogwarts.ucsd.edu/~pkrysl

P. Krysl

UCSD Outline

Shell modeling w/subdivision

surfaces.

Adaptive discretizations.

Optimal models.

Conclusions.

P. Krysl

UCSD Modeling

Physical problem

Mathematical Equations,

idealization assumptions

Discretization

Numerical

(finite elements),

approximation algorithms (solvers)

Accurate solution

of mathematical model?

Agreement w/

physics of problem?

P. Krysl

UCSD Predictive?

Experiment

Simulation

Not in this case: non-physical material

properties had been used to make it

look right (computer graphics ;).

P. Krysl

UCSD Is the world linear?

Linearization is a (very useful)

approximation of the way real world

processes work.

Nonlinear simulations are just a more

sophisticated way of modeling.

If used to predict how things work, the

prediction will be more accurate.

Accuracy should be thought of in

terms of uncertainties.

P. Krysl

UCSD Are computers creative?

Linear matrix equation: Ax=b

Solution x is not fundamentally new.

Understanding.

Computers transform.

What error is involved in the

transformation?

Choose the right algorithm.

Quantify the error.

P. Krysl

UCSD Modeling

Physical problem

Conceptual

errors

Mathematical Equations,

idealization assumptions

Discretization

errors

Discretization

Numerical

(finite elements),

approximation algorithms (solvers)

Transformation

errors

Accurate solution

of mathematical model?

Agreement w/

physics of problem?

P. Krysl

UCSD Simulation Errors

Errors:

Modeling

Conceptual (omitted physics, range, )

Approximation

Discretization (space, time); and

Transformation (finite-precision

arithmetics!)

Error control:

Quantify (error estimation), and

Minimize (adaptivity).

P. Krysl

UCSD Example: Modeling errors

w

Support Time

Wire Computed

Measured

Mass M Force

w In Wire

Fy

table

Time

1. Range of validity (elasticity); and

2. Neglected effect (damping).

P. Krysl

UCSD Quality Assurance

Validation Verification

Math & Computer Science

Engineering Science

only a single simulations may be validated.

P. Krysl

UCSD Selected Topics in Modeling

Thin Shells

Discretization

Adaptivity

Model reduction (optimal models)

P. Krysl

UCSD Shell Analysis

fragmentation, varied spatial and time scales.

P. Krysl

UCSD Subdivision Surfaces

Sequence of control grids which all lead to the

same limit surface.

Courtesy Leif Kobbelt

and so on

ad infinitum

Properties:

Compactly supported basis;

C1;

Nested approximations (multiresolution).

P. Krysl

UCSD Subdivision Shell Elements

Subdivision well suited for

Kirchhoff-Love approximation

of thin shells. Cirak, Ortiz, Schrder 1999

1.2

Pinched Hemisphere 1

Benchmark 0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0

0 500 1000 1500 2000

Number of degrees of freedom

P. Krysl

UCSD Nonlinear Problems

Cirak, Grinspun, Krysl, Ortiz, Schrder 2000

P. Krysl

UCSD Adaptive Approx. Spaces

Adaptive Spatial Multiresolution

1. Remeshing

2. Local refinement

FEM: Split finite elements, but ensure

compatibility

Constraints

Lagrangian multipliers or penalty

methods

Irregular splitting of neighboring

elements

P. Krysl

UCSD Conceptual Hierarchy

Infinite sequence of globally

refined spaces

(0) (1)

Mesh M is globally refined to form M

and so on

(0)

M

(1)

M

( 2)

M

( 3)

M

Strict nesting of M (n )

P. Krysl

UCSD 1D Example

One dimensional grid

Subset B * is a particular refined basis

(0)

M

(1)

M

( 2)

M

( 3)

M

P. Krysl

UCSD Refinement Implementation

patch to be refined by

other, finer patches;

select appropriately

degrees of freedom.

P. Krysl

UCSD A Little Bit of Motivation

Big, ~10,000 degree-of-freedom model, right?

indistinguishable from the big one.

P. Krysl

UCSD Cost of Simulations

Asymptotic behaviour e CN p

Example: linear statics

log(Error)

Assembly of K: O(N),

solution of Kx=f: O(N2). log(N)

Total cost = aN2 + bN + c

Fixed budget (given grid)

Select modes as linear

combinations of

log(Error)

hat functions optimal

log(#modes)

P. Krysl

UCSD Optimal Representation

Example: Mechanical system w/ 2 dofs

space: best-fit linear subspace

P. Krysl

UCSD Example: Lead-plug damper

P. Krysl

UCSD RC Bridge under seismic loads

El Centro accelerogram

Isotropic damage model

P. Krysl

UCSD RC Bridge: continued

P. Krysl

UCSD Grid Convergence Studies

Nonlinear analyses: need answers with some indication of accuracy.

Approach: establish convergence by a series of analyses on refined

grids.

hexahedral elements.

Model problem: Elastoplastic arch Offset line load, triangular loading

pulse, J-2 plasticity with combined

hardening.

Displacement under load:

h=1, 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 1/5, 1/6

P. Krysl

UCSD

Reduced Model: Lower Cost

Approximate optimal representation on a finer grid

by re-interpolation of modes on a coarse grid.

h=1/5 to h=1/6

Run time

Improved solution on a

finer grid costs only a

fraction of the cost of

solution on the coarser

grid.

P. Krysl

UCSD Monte Carlo Simulation

Notched plate with uncertain material Contour of plastic

properties under low-cycle fatigue load deformation at the end of

the load cycling

Displacement of the

Copper plate 24x20x2 mm.

loaded face

Finite element model of 1/8 of

the plate: 415 hexahedra. J-2

elastoplastic material.

Elastic and hardening

modulus, yield stress are

uncertain with standard

deviation 0.025.

Evolution of the

equivalent plastic

strain at the notch

Statistics of the

response due to

uncertainty?

P. Krysl

UCSD

Monte Carlo Simulation: cont

material properties for each Plastic strain at the notch:

repeated run. Problem: may mean value

have to run thousands of

simulations. Hence: use an

optimal (reduced) model.

3 Ritz modes yield accuracy

of plastic strain better than Plastic strain at the notch:

2%. standard deviation

Reduced FE model: 170 CPU sec

P. Krysl

UCSD

Engineering Design

Customer Technical

Preferences Specifications

Design Synthesis

Refinement

Description Hardware Behavior

Modeling and

Manufacturing Simulation

Product

P. Krysl

UCSD Design Space Exploration

Point-by-point

Design Performance

Variable Variable Space

Space

Set-based

with reduced models.

P. Krysl

UCSD Conclusions

Robust, efficient, and scalable

simulations in constant (and

increasing) demand.

Much more attention needs to be

paid to verification & validation.

More attention should be given to

Integration with design and

manufacturing; and

Synergy with experiments.

P. Krysl

- If EmUploaded byapi-3700440
- CAD course -MAE 656Uploaded bysepidehahmady
- Lecture 5Uploaded byakash
- Mech_Intro2_14.0_L06_RigidBodyUploaded byShaheen S. Ratnani
- MyHeelPadUploaded byHamid Katouzian
- A New Model for the Simulation and Improvement of Resin Transfer Molding ProcessUploaded bySEP-Publisher
- ZopUploaded byJagdeep Singh
- EnsayoUploaded byfigueroa88
- AEG Automotive CapabilitiesUploaded byAmerican Engineering Group LLC
- Notas FEA AnalysisUploaded byFederico Fernández
- fem-130114135151-phpapp01Uploaded bykrunal07786
- AFEM.Ch03Uploaded byKristinochka Slavenkovna
- 2D-RC FRAME -DPMUploaded byAhmad Fuqaha
- Report 1Uploaded byakhilrajagopal
- 22.IJMPERDAPR201822Uploaded byTJPRC Publications
- Visual SparkUploaded byrawneeh
- c14163Uploaded byashokkdesign
- OS-06_Introduction_of_optimization_tools_Maruti.pdfUploaded byRawnak Prajapati
- Lecture 24Uploaded bySam Sam
- 2007 06 AUDI FED Opt Vehicle Front PartUploaded byshmatkofel
- 242794Uploaded bybpraj70
- CIVL4111Uploaded byMark Samsel Rohan
- NAFEMS Pressure Vessel Stresses - resources - engineering analysis and simulUploaded byAndré Buys
- Genie UM Vol1 Basics READUploaded byRini Mathew
- 3D Fracture-Plastic Model for Concrete Under Dynamic LoadingUploaded byprathiikbbhatt
- 12 DesignUploaded bytrogisre
- MEMS AbstractsUploaded bySrini Rao
- Scie Talk FemUploaded byDrSomnath Bhattacharya
- NONLINEAR TRANSIENT ANALYSIS OF LAMINATED COMPOSITE PLATESUploaded byHakan Tanriover
- OBJECTIVE.txtUploaded byJovan Bucol

- 1-s2.0-S1996681416302231-mainUploaded bymargarethsm
- TheUploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- 3. IJCIET_06_02_004.pdfUploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- 3. IJCIET_06_02_004.pdfUploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- IJCIET_08_09_005Uploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- Pervious ConcreteUploaded byBequer Salis Valverde
- IJETAE_0916_23Uploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- File ServeUploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- EffectofSaltWateronMechanicalPropertiesofConventionalandPerviousConcreteUploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- 15012 d 2008Uploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- __ Pervious Pavement __ Pervious Concrete for Green, Sustainable Porous and Permeable Stormwater Drainage _Uploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- Finnal AbstractUploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- Mr. R. S. Sharma.pdfUploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- IJISET_V2_I10_89Uploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- Literature SurveyUploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- PP DSS.ewmd 'Disaster Management - An Overview'123Uploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- TheUploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- Self-Compacting ConcreteUploaded byMisgun Samuel
- Dssewmd_ Paper on Disaster Management - An Overview_sk SinghUploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- 3. IJCIET_06_02_004.pdfUploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- 1. Seminor on Prestressed Concrete..pptUploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- 25-12-2016 ஜீனியர் விகடன்Uploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- Mechn_in_Conc_Constn.pdfUploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- pervious concreteUploaded byJayashree Bithika Sengupta
- Labor Influx -KS-05-Excel FileUploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- Mix Design PerviousUploaded bykvelu07
- __ Pervious Pavement __ Pervious Concrete for Green, Sustainable Porous and Permeable Stormwater Drainage _Uploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- Reversing Type 2 Diabetes - Newcastle Magnetic Resonance Centre - Newcastle UniversityUploaded byPunit Gupta
- V3I12-IJERTV3IS120111.pdfUploaded byNatarajan Saravanan
- Study on ImpactUploaded byNatarajan Saravanan

- D7264 D7264M – 07 Flexural Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite MaterialsUploaded byNicole Mcdonald
- Section III.4.2.1 Rockets and Launch VehiclesUploaded byshyam_nair555
- how to hack facebook accountUploaded bydeepakg345
- Wigner functions and Weyl transforms for pedestriansUploaded byAaron Mueller
- B.tech. Chemical EngineeringUploaded bypkarambele
- Fluorescence SpectroscopyUploaded byRakesh Bijarnia Chaudhary
- Shear Center LabUploaded byJulianSamayoa
- CirclesUploaded byyamamoto10
- Lecture6(Seepage)Uploaded byMuhammed Sarwar Hussin Rosun
- CHAPTER 2.docxUploaded bySelva Kumar
- Flex Strut CatalogUploaded byanon_624463353
- 11 Fracture MechanicsUploaded byBanambar Singh
- Dinamik final örnek sorular.pdfUploaded bygediko
- First Law of Thermodynamics ExamUploaded byGelyn Fabro
- NR20120100004_25141261Uploaded byPrasun Das
- Hints to Selective ProblemsUploaded byRaman Kumar
- PhysicsUploaded byJunHui Nah
- CHAP7_MAGNETOSTATICUploaded byridwanto12
- 14272_MEC002ZUploaded byKirandeep Singh Gandham
- Forces of Equilibrium.pptxUploaded byRoselle Tura
- TOM Project ReportUploaded byzachaboi
- Serrin_MathPrincipleUploaded byMathSpace
- Flexural Strength Tests of Ceramics [SubsTech]Uploaded bymypenta2008
- Thermodynamics 1Uploaded byJo Ces
- Mechanics of Material (6)Uploaded bynudratfatima
- Exploring Black Holes Taylor PDFUploaded byShawn
- Experiment 1.2.pdfUploaded byKuo Sarong
- Question Bank-static and Strength of Material - Module 3 - b.archUploaded byIrfan Shaikh
- Descartes PhysciUploaded bysonirocks
- Conceptual Integrated Science--Mon Sep 11 18:38:32 EDT 2017Uploaded byTimothy Ipema