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Principles of N2-PSA

N2-PSA is a nitrogen gas generator with the specially designed adsorbent.


This adsorbent is called Carbon Molecular Sieves (CMS) having a micro pore
in its surface and adsorb O2, CO2 and H2O molecular into such hall
selectively under a certain pressure. After adsorption process, adsorbent is
regenerated by depressurizing. N2-PSA can produce the nitrogen gas
continuously by repeating above adsorption and regeneration. For your
reference PSA stands for Pressure Swing Adsorption.

Adsorption volume by time


O2 Adsorption volume
under pressure
Adsorption volume

O2 volume adsorbed by
pressure swing
O2 adsorption volume
under regeneration
N2 adsorption volume
under pressure
N2 adsorption volume
under regeneration

Adsorption time
Carbon Molecular Sieves CMS
N2 N2
4.3
N2
3.9
N2
3-6mm N2 3.0
4 O2 2.8

Magnified O2 O2
2.2-2.3mm
O2
Carbon Molecular
N2

Sieves CMS
O2
Flow Diagram of N2 PSA

Adsorption
N2 gas
Column
Compressor
and Dryer

Exhaust gas
Air
Silencer

Activated
Carbon
A B

N2 gas

Air Compressor
Silencer Exhaust gas

Pressurization
A B

N2 gas

Air Compressor
Silencer Exhaust gas

Adsorption
A B

N2 gas

Air Compressor
Silencer Exhaust gas

Equalization
A B

N2 gas

Air Compressor
Silencer Exhaust gas

Depressurization
Features of N2-PSA

1. On-site N2 generation provides low cost N2 gas


compared with the compressed nitrogen in a cylinder or
liquefied bulk gas delivered by a lorry.
2. Simple mechanism and non-cryogenic system enable the
unattended / continuous operation and low maintenance
cost.
3. Adsorbent is unnecessary to replace unless compressed
air includes harmful material.
4. Start-up time is much less than cryogenic system.
Features of KURASEP
1. Lowest-cost N2
#Highest performance of adsorbent (CMS)such as larger
O2 adsorption volume, superior selectivity of N2 and O2, Lowest
shorter speed of adsorption and regeneration initial&
provide smaller adsorption column and less air
operation
required (small compressor).
#KURASEP has designed so as to maximize the CMSs cost
features utilizing the position of the producer of
both CMS and N2-PSA.
2. Flexibility
#KURASEP can be designed responding with customers desirable
purity and volume.
#Turn-down operation is applicable to match customers demand.
#O2 impurity can be minimized up to 1ppm with a purifier.
3. Reliability
#More than 1000 unit has operated in the world since the first unit
started operation in 1980.
Nitrogen Gas Supply Flow Diagram
of N2-PSA and LN2 tank

To Use point

N2-PSA

LN2 Storage and supply system