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During exercise, the demand for energy increases depending on the
type, intensity and duration an individual takes (Plowman et al.,

The bodys response ability to the energy demand depends on the

oxygen availability in the body blood stream.
Key players: MUSCLES and OXYGEN

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Perspiration Level
- If I exercise, then my perspiration level will increase.

Body Temperature
- If I exercise, then my body temperature will increase.

Breathing Rate
- If I exercise, then my breathing rate will increase.

Heart Rate
-If I exercise, then my heart rate will increase.

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Body Temperature

- No significant change in body

temperature with respect to the
optimum human body temp-- 37C.

- Energy conversion & hydrolysis

produces heat as waste product the
more you exercise, higher heat

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Fuel+O2 -> CO2 + H2O + energy (ATP) + heat
ATP -> ADP + Pi + energy for work + heat

Homeostatic Response:
Blood vessels dilate for more blood flow to the surface of the body
(SKIN) where it disperses it.

You dont feel yourself burning because evaporation of sweat and

breathing out warm air serves to help cool down the body. Thus,
maintaining a steady temperature.

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Perspiration Level

- An increase in perspiration level is

seen when an individual exercises

- Perspiration is a response to the

changing temperature in the internal

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During exercise, the body is changing its temperature above the typical
37C change due to the excessive heat production during energy

Homeostatic response:
Vasodilation to the surface- SWEATING. It helps remove the excess heat
from the body and release it out of the body.

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Breathing Rate

- The harder an individual exercises

(duration), the higher the breathing

- Breathing (respiratory system) is

responsible for movement of air in
(O2) and out (CO2) of the body.

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Due to energy consumption while exercising, theres an increase in
oxygen demand for aerobic respiration energy production.

Homeostatic response (Respiratory System):

Pulmonary Ventilation
External Respiration
Internal Respiration

The harder an individual exercise, the more oxygen concentration is

needed to generate ATP. Thus, increasing the intake of O2. Cell respi
produce CO2 as by product- release CO2 to prevent lactic acid buildup.

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Abrupt initial reaction- the body needs to compensate the oxygen level
needed to generate energy for muscle contractions (spontaneous

Decreasing rate on the resting stage- cells return to normal energy

needs, lesser O2 is used and lesser CO2 created; breathing rate returns
to normal.

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Heart Rate

- Theres an increase in heart rate as

an individual exercise harder and
decreases as they stop.

- Heart rate is the number of times a

heart beats/cardiac cycle per

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Bloodstream delivers oxygen to different parts of the body (MUSCLES)
where high levels of ATP are produced during exercise.

Homeostatic response:
Increase of oxygen delivery. Increasing heart rate means increasing
blood pumping and vasodilation- speeds up the delivery in the blood
vessels (oxygen and catabolized substances consumed)

Same as the breathing rate, the heart rate has sudden abrupt rate in
the first minutes and decreases when they stopped exercising.

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