You are on page 1of 37

Recognize the different factors that

contribute to a successful marriage.

Discuss the roles and responsibilities of
parents in fulfilling the needs of their
Analyze the effects of having a big family and
problems it may cause to the health of the
Make a plan on how to have a successful
marriage and family life.
DATING is a social activity which
involves two or more people generally
assessing each others suitability for a
potential relationship. Dating can also
be enjoyed as part of an already active
relationship. The word dating actually
comes from the arranging of a time
and date of meeting.
It is a form of courtship consisting
of social activities done by two people,
as partner in an intimate
relationship or as a spouse. It also
refers to the act of meeting and
engaging in some mutually agreed
upon social activity, together, as a
couple >.>
Standard date involves two people
Double date two couples go on a
date at the same time and place
Group date where any number of
couples can enjoy a date
It forms affection and respect.
It strengthens the relationship.
It gives quality time to each other.
It leads one to observe the other persons
Provides an opportunity for one to know
his/her strengths and weaknesses in dealing
with the opposite sex.
Engagement a period of agreement entered
between two people in love for them to be
able to know each other and their families
well enough to be sure that they are ready
and are suited for life-long companionship. It
provides opportunity to develop interpersonal
skills useful before and even within marriage.
Marriage is the most enjoyable human
relationship. It is the most significant event
that may happen to your life. It takes only
two people, a man and a woman to unite and
make a successful relationship as married
Marriage is a lifelong partnership of a man
and a woman, two unique individuals, who
understand, respect, care, and love each
other. It is a bond between two people who
continue to grow and develop their best
qualities as human beings. Marriage is not a
mere contract but an inviolable social
Its nature, consequences and practices are
governed by law and not subject to
stipulation except that the marriage
settlements may to a certain extent fix the
property relations during the marriage.
Marriage is a cherished institution under
which man and woman believe in one faith
and children are conceived, raised, and
nourished to become useful and productive
citizens of the country and the world. It is
essential to the continuity of the human race
Can make good decisions
Responsible in handling relationships
Can make the relationship lasting
Sincere and true to his / her promises
considers relationships sacred
Can make peaceful and lasting relationship
Dedicated in fulfilling his / her responsibilities
Filipinos view marriage as a sacrament and a
lifelong commitment. Husband and wife work
for the successful and harmonious
relationship at home and among family
members. Trust, respect, kindness, and love
are essential factors to attain this goal.
Strengthens relationship
Understands one is partner
Economic Readiness
Aims for better future of the family
Financially stable
Good provider for the needs of the family
Physical Maturity
Proud of having good partner
Have healthy body
Responsible and honest
Hard-working and industrious
Respectful and compassionate
Activity :If you are engaged, which do you
prefer, Long Engagement or Short
Engagement period? Explain in front of the
Be with your groupmates and discuss your
answers to the following questions.
Remember to share your answers with others
after 5-10 minutes.
What is your concept of marriage?
Do you know of persons who are married?
How long had they been married?
Tell something about their relationship.
A New Beginning
After marriage, a couples desire is to build a
family. Humans are reproduced through
sexual reproduction. In this kind of
reproduction, the reproductive cells of man
and woman join together to make a new
human cell. This process is called
Fertilization is a reproductive process wherein
half of the genes of the father and mother
combine to form a single cell; the new cell
then divides and forms more cells. This ball
of cells enters the uterus and attaches itself
to the uterine wall. The attachment of the
developing cells to the uterus is called
Pregnancy is the time when a new cell is
formed during fertilization, grows and
develops into a baby in the womans uterus.
From the time that the ovum and the sperm
cell unite until the end of the eight week, the
developing human is called embryo. From the
eight week until birth, the developing human
is called the fetus. A normal pregnancy
generally lasts until 9 months or 38-40
Teenage Pregnancy
An unplanned and unwanted pregnancy can
cause emotional anguish, possible health
risks, and in some cases, limited life options.
Teenage pregnancies are premature because
they occur in mothers who may be too young
and/or immature to care for a child
adequately. In such cases, the mother may be
so young endangering pregnancy.
Teens 15 and younger, face a 60% higher risk
of death during pregnancy and child birth
than young mothers on the age of 20.
Babies born to young teenage mothers are
two to three times more likely to die during
their first year than babies born to older
Teen mothers are twice more likely to have
low birth weight infants (at risk for physical
and mental defects as well as increased risk
of dying).
Seventy percent of teen mothers get no
medical care at all during critical first months
of pregnancy and 25% get no prenatal care at
all. This is specifically dangerous because,
while a teen may be able to conceive a baby,
her body may not be quite ready for the
stresses of pregnancy and child birth. Thus,
she is at higher risk for complications like
high blood pressure, toxaemia, prolonged
and difficult labor, more vaginal lacerations
during childbirth, and more after-delivery
complications and infections.
During pregnancy, a womans body
undergoes many changes. As soon as
implantation happens, the mothers uterus
releases special hormones, which is only
released by the womans body during
pregnancy. Some of the hormones produced
by the pregnant womans body makes her
nauseated, this situation is called morning
sickness and usually last for 3 months. The
same hormones make the womans breast
enlarge and prepare to produce milk.
Over the 9-month period, the womans
uterus stretches to hold a full-sized newborn
baby. This stretching makes her abdomen get
larger. A pregnant woman also experiences
swelling of legs, difficulty in sleeping,
restlessness, and irritability as the fetus gets
larger. Many woman, feel clumsy or
uncomfortable too because of the changes
that taking place
Almost everything that goes into the
mothers body enters her bloodstream and
goes to the placenta. The placenta is an
organ that grows in the womans uterus
during pregnancy and allows nutrients, gases,
and wastes to be exchanged between the
mother and the fetus. The mothers blood
circulates on one side of the placenta, while
the fetus blood circulates on the other side.
Nutrients, fluids, and oxygen flow through
the membrane from the mother to the fetus.
Waste products and carbon dioxide flow
across the placenta from the fetus to the
mother. During pregnancy, the fetus gets its
nutrition from food the mother eats. To
ensure the health of the fetus, the mother
needs to eat healthy foods and take special
vitamins. She should get regular medical
check-ups to protect her health and the
health of the growing fetus.
The first trimester of pregnancy lasts from week
1 through week 12. Your first sign of pregnancy
may be a missed menstrual period.
The second trimester of pregnancy (from week
13 to week 27) is the time when most women
start to look pregnant and may begin to
wear maternity clothes. By 16 weeks, the top of
your uterus, called the fundus, will be about
halfway between your pubic bone and your navel.
By 27 weeks, the fundus will be about 2 in. (5
cm) or more above your navel.
You may find that the second trimester is the
easiest part of pregnancy. For some women, the
breast tenderness, morning sickness,
and fatigue of the first trimester ease up or
disappear during the second trimester, while the
physical discomforts of late pregnancy have yet
to start. Pressure on your bladder may be less as
the uterus grows up out of the pelvis.
The third trimester lasts from week 28 to the
birth. Many women have some discomfort during
this time as their belly gets bigger. Sleep
problems are common during this period.
The passage of a baby from its mothers
uterus to the outside of her body is called
birth. During birth, the uterus contracts many
times and pushes the baby through the
vagina and outside the mothers body.
Labor is the process that lasts from the time
contractions starts until the delivery of the
child and the placenta. Labor lasts a different
amount of time for every woman and every
1st Stage Begins with the first contraction and
last until the cervix has opened enough to allow
the baby to pass through. Contraction happens
every few minutes and lasts a minute.
2nd Stage Starts when the cervix is completely
epen and lasts until the baby is delivered. During
this period, contraction happens every 2-3
minutes. After the baby is born, the doctor cuts
the umbilical cord. Healthy babies breathe and
cry almost immediately.
3rd Stage This is the final stage of labor. It is
when the placenta is delivered. In this stage, the
mothers uterine contractions push the placenta
or afterbirths out of her body. At this time, the
birth is completed.
In some cases, doctors have to deliver a baby
by a ceasarian section (CS). In this procedure,
the doctor surgically removes the baby and
the placenta from the mothers uterus. Cases
like this happen when the mother cannot or is
not capable of delivering a normal childbirth