the standard procedure is to manipulate one variable. and avoids whatever is subjective. ‡ All this boils down to a theory of personality that says that one·s environment causes one·s behavior.‡ Behaviorism. measure. mental ‡ In the experimental method. internal. focuses on variables we can observe. E. . and unavailable. and then measure its effects on another. and manipulate.g. with its emphasis on experimental methods.

. 2) Behavior.204). ‡ He believed that individuals do not actually inherit violent tendencies. ‡ Albert Bandura believed that aggression is learned through a process called behavior modeling.‡ The social learning theory is the behavior theory most relevant to criminology. 1976: p. 1) The environment. but they modeled them after three principles (Bandura. 3) Person·s psychological processes.

‡ He stated that many individuals believed that aggression will produce reinforcements. either personally or through the media and environment.‡ Albert Bandura argued that individuals. . especially children learn aggressive responses from observing others.

the children imitated the aggression of the adults because of the rewarded gained. ‡ In the Bobo doll experiment. . 1992: p.171).‡ These reinforcements can formulate into reduction of tension. or building self-esteem (Siegel. gaining financial rewards. or gaining the praise of others.

‡ If aggression was diagnosed early in children. Bandura believe that children would reframe from being adult criminals. 1976: pp. and the environment"(Bandura. ‡ ´Albert Bandura argued that aggression in children is influenced by the reinforcement of family members. the media. 206-208). .

true. .and so decided to add a little something to the formula: 1) He suggested that environment causes behavior. 2) He labeled this concept reciprocal determinism: The world and a person·s behavior cause each other. but behavior causes environment as well.‡ Bandura found this a bit too simplistic for the phenomena he was observing -aggression in adolescents -.

‡ These psychological processes consist of our ability to entertain images in our minds. and language. ‡ In fact. he went a step further. 2) Behavior. he is often considered a ´fatherµ of the cognitivist movement! . ‡ At the point where he introduces imagery.‡ Later. 3) Person·s psychological processes. He began to look at personality as an interaction among three ´things:µ 1) The environment. he ceases to be a strict behaviorist. in particular. and begins to join the ranks of the cognitivists.

. ‡ Teacher·s work or examples in the form of handicraft. articles and so on. ‡ Teacher·s demonstration skills should be clear and interesting so that pupils can imitate the procedure easily and accurately. art painting.IMPLICATION OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT BY BANDURA ON TEACHING AND LEARNING IN CLASSROOM ‡ Teacher·s presentation should be skillful and interesting so as to become a role model for the pupils to follow.

.‡ Teacher can also invite pupils who perform well to become role models to repeat the demonstration inside or outside the classroom. ‡ Teachers should impart noble values and use the technique of role play and simulation to exemplify historical characters for the pupils to observe and imitate.

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