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MRCB ACADEMY, KG.

JAWA IPOH

ARK 754 INTEGRATED BUILDING SERVICES

ACADEMY OF HOSPITALITY
TOURISM & CULINARY ARTS
BUILDING STUDY ON INTEGRATED
BUILDING SYSTEM OF HIGH RISE
BUILDING
BY RADEN SYUHAIDAH BINTI SUKRI, 2014411524
CONTENT
1.0 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Clients Profile
1.2 Project Data
1.3 Site Information
1.4 Design Concept
1.5 Building Brief

2.0 INTEGRATION OF SERVICES


2.1 Introduction
2.2 Vertical Transportation
2.3 Water Supply & Distribution System
2.4 Fire Fighting System
2.5 Cooling & Ventilation System
2.6 Electrical & Telecommunication System

3.0 BUILDING ENVELOPE


3.1 Introduction
3.2 Curtain Wall System

4.0 WINDOW CLEANING


4.1 Introduction
4.2 Rostek Monorail Track System
4.3 Root Powered Manntech System Rostek
Monorail Track System

6.0 REFERENCES
1.0 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Clients Profile
1.2 Project Data
1.3 Site Information
1.4 Design Concept
1.5 Building Brief
INTRODUCTION l MRCB ACADEMY, KG.
JAWA IPOH
1.1 Clients Profile MALAYSIAN RESOURCES CORPORATION BERHAD
Transforming communities

MRCB Land, the leader in integrated developments as epitomized by the


success of its iconic Kuala Lumpur Sentral, is a catalyst for the transformation
of environments and the creation of new communities.

From residential to commercial developments, from retail complexes to


transportation hubs, MRCB Lands award-winning properties create new
benchmarks in sustainable development.
INTRODUCTION l MRCB ACADEMY, KG.
JAWA IPOH
TRANSFORMING COMMUNITIES
1.2 Project Data
INTRODUCTION l MRCB ACADEMY, KG.
JAWA IPOH
INTRODUCTION l MRCB ACADEMY, KG.
JAWA IPOH
1.3 Site Information Kampung Jawa is the site which
located near Kinta River and Dr Seenivasagam
Park at the heart of Ipoh. The Kinta River has all
the elements to become an iconic riverfront and an
integral park of the peoples daily life.
Revitalization of this riverfront will elevate Ipoh in
MRCB the ranks of the worlds major cities with active and
Key plan 2.6 acre clean waterfronts. Dr. seenivasagam park is the
green lung of the central business district of Ipoh
which is located at the north of the site. This 92
acres of park consist of artificial lake, wide green
area, playground, restaurant and also football field.
Unfortunately, the site unable to attract people and
eventually attract crime within the site.

Location plan Master plan MASTERPLAN CONCEPT


Site Area: 2.6 Acre
(10521.8 sqm )

Plot Ratio: 1:5


Site Area x 5
10521.8 x 5
Build up 52609 sqm
Area: 60 %
Plinth Area: 2.6 x 60% = 1.56
( 6313 sqm )

Set Back : 12m from the


main road, 6m
for other sides.

Site plan Max. Height Allowed: 27storey


INTRODUCTION l MRCB ACADEMY, KG.
JAWA IPOH
MRCB COLLEGE ACADEMY, KG. JAWA
IPOH

1.4 Design Concept


MRCB academy of hospitality, tourism and culinary art
building concept is come from nature, Tower Garden
Concept. This sustainable concept idea has been
derived when there are the issue of sustainability and
mostly are occurred in the hospitality area.

The common factor of sustainable issue is there are


too many waste in so many angle and perspective in
this factor. The garden concept idea could bring many
advantages to the occupants and all the stakeholders.

This approach will reduce waste and energy


consumption with variety of activity that will be
provided and conducted in this building, such as farm
to table sustainable hospitality practice by manage its
own crops and garden.
1.5 Building Brief

Water tank & service level (25th roof level)

Typical floor level ( 14th 24th floor)

Water tank, Mechanical & Typical floor level ( 13th floor)

Typical floor level ( 3rd 12th floor)

Podium level ( Ground floor 2nd floor)

Parking basement & Services ( Basement level 1)

Parking Basement ( Basement level 1& 2 )


SECTION A-
A
2.0 INTEGRATION OF SERVICES
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Vertical Transportation
2.3 Water Supply & Distribution System
2.4 Fire Fighting System
2.5 Cooling & Ventilation System
2.6 Electrical & Telecommunication System
2.2 Vertical Transportation
Lift components
Lift motor room
Lift Shaft
Pit
Lift landing
Suspension & driving machine
Lift car
Counterweight
Elevator well hoistway
Safety gear, buffers

GROUND FLOOR
PLAN
Excellent office building
design provides an average lobby wait
of 15-18 s during peak hours, with 22 s
considered good and 26 s borderline.
Handling capacity determined by the
frequency, or interval, with which a car
appears at the lobby, and size of the
lift car. During peak traffic periods, cars
are loaded up to 80%. Travelling times
is the sum of the lobby waiting time
plus travel time to the median floor
stop.

SECTION C- SECTION B-B


C
CORE
l SURIAN TOWER, DAMANSARA

2.3 Water Supply & Distribution System

ROOF TANK SYSTEM

Roof tanks ensure both water


pressure and water supply in
case of power failure. This
solution requires pressure
reduction valves on each
floor in order to avoid ADVANTAGES
undesired high static Mature technology
pressures at the tap, which Only one discharge from booster set tot op
creates unacceptable noise Space saving
while tapping. Less sensitive to electricity fall-outs
In this model the upper six
floors require a separate
booster system in order to
create sufficient pressure. DISADVANTAGES
The static pressure there is
too low due to the insufficient Water is pumped past where its required
geometric height to the roof Insufficient pressure on the upper most floors
tank. Excessive pressure on the lowest floors
The system for boosting Pressure reduction valves have to be fitted
water pressure for MRCB Need for higher pressure grade of pipework
Academy Tower is where the Space requirement for tank
water is pumped from Risk of microbiological growth in roof tank
basement tank to a gravity
roof tank.
MRCB ACADEMY, KG. JAWA IPOH
WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM
2.3 Water Supply & Distribution System
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WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM DIAGRAM
7.1 WATER SUPPLY COMPONENT
High rise building usually
1. Suction tank concentrated many building
2. Pump services within a core from which
3. Wet riser tank services can be distributed as
4. Wet Riser needed both vertically and
5. Gravity tank (downfeed) Low level
horizontally throughout the
6. Gravity tank (downfeed) HIgh level
spaces. The design uses a central
7. Sanitary fittings position for the main core and an
1. WATER SUPPLY end core for the secondary core.
6 This maximizes rentable space
All the high rise building areallow
and equipped withtoabe
services water storage tank at the
top of the building and distributed
the relevant approving authorities always
optimally throughout
require storage of one the
daybuilding.
water demand for the
The central entire blcok so that
position
there will be water supply
of the core also act as the main from the main
in event of water interruption
supply. The roof top water tank supply
structural the water
component to all units through a
for the
downpipe by mean of gravity flow. The water are taken to the roof top
building.
tank though pumping from a suction tank situated at the pump room at
the basement level. When the building is too high, two stages of
pumping system is required where the water is pumped to the
intermediate water tank and pump room at the middle height of the
building.
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2. STORAGE WATER SUPPLY TANK

Total GFA = 83982.3 msq


1 person / 10msq
thus estimated population = 8398
= 200 to 300 person per floor
Average water consumption for office building
= 45 to 90 litres/head/day
Minimum water storage = 8398 x 45 litres
2.4 Fire Fighting System
12 lifts and 8 staircases are provided
at MRCB Academy Tower to serve its
FIRE PROTECTION own functions.
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8.1 UBBL FIRE PROTECTION REQUIRMENT Fire lift is located in a service area
which at the same time can be
1. BY-LAW 140 functioned as a Service lift which
Island coverage for the tower volumn (11220msq and above) served from the lowest level until the
6 top level of the building (Basement
Level 3 26th level)
FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEM DIAGRAM
2. BY-LAW 225(2) There are three zone of lift which
1. Sprinkler Tank comprising low, high and fire lift zone.
2. Fire Pump Low zone lift are served mostly at the
3. Makeup Tank basement levels until ground floor
4. Sprinkler System level and at the top of the podium
5. Main Core level. High zone lift are served its
(with pressurized shaft and fire lift and lobby. Also contains the wet functions starting at the ground floor
rizer and hose reel) level until the highest level of the
6. Fire Fighting Tank building.
Fire hydrant in 30m to the entrance and 91.5 (max) from hydrant to
hydrant on site parimeter The building has been provided 8
3. TENTH SCHEDULE numbers of fire staircase shafts which
Purpose group: Office and Shop is 6 staircase shafts serve at the
Fire system: AG/2/C basement levels and 4 staircases
4. FIFTH SCHEDULE have been provided at the podium
Compartment of shop purpose group 2000msq and tower levels.

5. HOSE REEL IN EACH COMPARTMENT


Hose reel 80msq / 1 (30m radius each)
6. AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEM
1 sprinkler head / 10msq
(according to comparnmentation)
FIRE PROTECTION
8.1UBBL FIRE PROTECTION REQUIRMENT
10. FIRE APPLIANCES ACCESS (BY-LAW 140)
Vehicular access to exterior building is needed to enable high reach
appliances to enable pumping appliances to supply water and
equipment for the fire fighting and rescue.
Access requirments increase with the building height and size. By-law
140 stipulates the proportion of the building perimeter that must be
accesible to the fire fighting appliances. Location of the hydrant must
be considerd. Too close a placement adjacent to the building or
beneath an overhang may expose fire and rescue personnel to
unnecessary risks or worse, render them inoperable in an emergency.
All building more than 7000 cubic meter shall attach to access road or
open area (Minimum width of 12m).
Road/access width = 6m (maximum with of appliance is 2.5m) &
can withstand load of fire engines up to 26 tonnes)
Maximum gradient of access is 1:12
Mimimum overhead clearence of access is 4m height
ISLAND PLANNING
FIRE HYDRANT
ESCAPE STAIRCASE

FIRE HYDRANT
max. 90m apart
HOSE REEL
80msq / 1 (30m radius each)

ASSEMBLY POINT

BOMBA ROUTE TRUCK


FIRE ESCAPE ROUTE
BOMBA LIFT & STAIRCASE
FIRE HYDRANT
max. 90m apart
HOSE REEL
80msq / 1 (30m radius each)

ASSEMBLY POINT

BOMBA ROUTE TRUCK


FIRE ESCAPE ROUTE
BOMBA LIFT & STAIRCASE
FIRE HYDRANT
max. 90m apart
HOSE REEL
80msq / 1 (30m radius each)

ASSEMBLY POINT

BOMBA ROUTE TRUCK


FIRE ESCAPE ROUTE
BOMBA LIFT & STAIRCASE
2.5 Cooling & Ventilation System
Air Handling Unit (AHU) Room

Air-Conditioning Systems
The building use fully air conditioning system that are distributed
by the Air Handling Unit (AHU) that are located at every floor.
AHU will suck air from rooms, letting it passing through chilled
water cooling coils and then discharging the cooled air back to
the rooms.
CENTRAL COOLING SYSTEM DIAGRAM

1. Chiller water supply tank


2. Pump
3. Chiller plant
4. Condensed water (supply and return)
5. Chilled water (supply and return)
6. AHU
7. Cooling tower
8. Cooling tower water tank
9. AC ducting
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8
6
5
4

1
2
3
MRCB ACADEMY, KG. JAWA IPOH

H
2.5 Cooling & Ventilation System
H
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1. POWER SUPPLY
Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB) a public listed company registered
under Companies Act 1965 is in charge in the following. Electricity is
conveyed and transformed through substations from source to
consumer
Power supply for the building starts from the switch room to main
distribution board (MDB), then to the various subsidiary distribution
board (SDB) located in the elctrical riser in the ground level. From the
SDB, Power line will run vertivally before reaching a distribution board
(DB) at each level. From here power is supply to their respective
electrical fittings.
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2. HIGH RISE BUILDING POWER SUPPLY REQUIRMENT
1. General lighting & power
2. Heating, ventilation & Air-conditioning (HVAC) system
3. Transportation system (Lift and Escalator)
4. Water pumps
5. Communication system
6. Building Intelligent System (BAS)
ELECTRICAL & TELECOMUNICATION ROOMS

1. PABX
2. MDF
3. Meter room
4. Genset room (building)
5. Genset room (Fire fighting)
6. TNB Sub-Station
7. Telecomunication & BAS
8. SDF & electrical riser
9. Control Room & Server room
MRCB ACADEMY, KG. JAWA IPOH
3.0 BUILDING ENVELOPE
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Curtain Wall System
3.1 Introduction

The building glass and aluminium curtain wall is using


Unitized System. It is a cladding and exterior wall
system which is hung on the building structure from
floor to floor.

It is assembled from various components to include


steel or aluminium anchors, mullions (vertical tubes),
rails (horizontal mullions), vision glass, spandrel glass,
insulation and metal back pans.

In addition, there are various hardware components to


include anchors, aluminium connectors, setting blocks,
corner blocks, pressure plates, caps, gaskets and
Cladding system with Low E glass panel window
sealants.

In appreciating the views surround it, glass panel are


used for all faade facing the views. But, in order to
block UV rays and heat into the building, low-E glass
panel is selected.

Low-E glass window and steel plate are in modular


panels prefabricated in factory. The panels are hung
to the welded fin plate on the vertical frame.
3.2 Curtain Wall System
UNITIZED/PANELIZED CURTAIN WALL SYSTEM
Unitized curtain walls entail factory fabrication and assembly
of panels and may include factory glazing. These completed
units are hung on the building structure to form the building
enclosure.
ADVANTAGES
Assembled in factory and providing enhanced quality
control
High performance systems (thermal, air, water, dynamics)
Adaptability to modern concepts
Speedy construction duration
Accomodation of multiple spandrel system(glass, metal
panels, stone)

DESIGN AND STRUCTURAL


BENEFITS
Captured or structured silicone glazed in any combination
Dual wall and motorized shade systems
Integrated sunshade systems (vertical & horizontal)
Window washing retention systems

Perimeter Curtain wall covered with dark steel plate and low-E glass

Curtain wall with dark steel plate cover the beam and low-E glass window
GLASS CURTAIN WALL SYSTEM

Curtain Wall Jointing Details


Low E-glass Panel
Low emission glass is a high quality, clear, float glass with a
specially formulated, permanent, transparent coating. This
glass has been specially developed to provide increased
thermal insulation.

MRCB Academy Tower use low E- glass Panel curtain wall


because facing the sun path area.
4.0 WINDOW CLEANING
4.1 RootPowered
Manntech System
4.2 Rostek Monorail
Track System
4.1 RootPowered Manntech System

The window cleaning system at the Surian Tower


was supplied by MHE-Demag (M) Sdn. Bhd.

The Building Maintenance System supply to MRCB


Academy Tower was specifically designed and
customized.

Source :http://www.mhe-demag.com/
4.2 Rostek Monorail Track System
PERIMETER MONORAIL GONDOLA
SYSTEM
Cradles for cleaning and maintaining faades can
be moved vertically by means of electric cable
winches. The travelling and safety cables are
LEVEL26 automatically wound up. The cables are fastened to
special travelling gears mounted on monorail
systems (faade rails) or on rail systems (on the
roof). The travelling gears can be operated
electrically or manually. The rail systems are made
of aluminium or steel, depending on the static and
structural requirements.
Facade Cradle

(Monorail system)

The cradle for cleaning the facades consists of a 2


m long motorized gondola with two integrated cable
winches including automatic cable winding and the
aluminium rail system. The cradle is moved
horizontally by means of a mechanical hand
windlass drive. To reach the lower regions of the
facade, the travelling gears are fitted to the outer
rail system. A load lift system for replacing faade
elements is also part of the access system.

Source :http://www.mhe-demag.com/
Suspended monorail gondola system

Monorail system is an access solution where a single track


runs along the exterior faade following the shape of the
building. Smooth running trolleys mounted on the monorail track
allow a suspended gondola cradle to move along the
building horizontally or with an incline. They can traverse by
either manual or electrical means along the monorail tracks.

For a climbing monorail, a high performance climbing trolley


(Roslift) runs along the inclined monorail to suspend and
traverse a gondola cradle. The Roslift is capable of climbing any
slope, whilst carrying a full load of 500 kg.
Example detail of suspended monorail gondola
system
Perimeter Gondola Track Layout (Tower)

Suspended monorail gondola system install at the


top level of MRCB Academy Tower

Example of suspended gondola system


GENERAL SAFETY PRACTICES

During operation of using Gondola machine makes sure the following are in controls :

1. Workers who works in the cradle are always wearing with full body harness and
attached it to the cradle. Proper PPE to be wore.
2. Use of Gondola strictly by AUTHORIZED personnel only.
3. Before operation operators must be adequately trained and familiar with the system
4. Check all safety limit switches
5. Check all wire rope condition
6. Check emergency push button function
7. Make sure all overall working load are not more than 250 kgs
8. Do not handle the electrical power supply plug with wet hands
9. During operation proper barricade the spot under the working area with appropriate
sign board
10. Do not carry too many working tools. To prevent tools falling from high level
11. Never exit from the cradle when it is suspended
12. Never use the cradle for transportation of goods
13. During lifting and lowering of the cradle, be alert any objects that might coming out
from the window.
14. Do not use the Gondola system during bad weather and strong wind condition.
MRCB ACADEMY, KG. JAWA IPOH

CONCLUSION

There area several factor that we must decide while designing a building in a tropical
climate. The materials and the construction system that we decide to apply is most
important factors besides than the design itself. Construction system base on site
condition, climate, type of core designed, location of the building, context, the
construction technology and many more, where the design process and construction
system must be integrated throughout the whole process
MRCB ACADEMY, KG. JAWA IPOH

CONCLUSION

There area several factor that we must decide while designing a building in a tropical
climate. The materials and the construction system that we decide to apply is most
important factors besides than the design itself. Construction system base on site
condition, climate, type of core designed, location of the building, context, the
construction technology and many more, where the design process and construction
system must be integrated throughout the whole process
6.0 REFERENCES
7.
REFERENCE
S
BOOK
.9
Francis D. K. Ching, Barry Onouye & Douglas Zuberbuhler (2014) Building
Stuctures Illustrated
Legal research Board (2007) Uniform Building By-Laws 1984
Dato Hamzah Bin Abu Bakar (2006) Guide to Fire Protection in Malaysia

INTERNET
http://www.abag.ca.gov/bayarea/eqmaps/fixit/ch3/sld002.htm
www.greenglobes.com
www.architecture.com
http://www.mhe-demag.com

LECTURER NOTES
PM Josmin Yahya (2012) Integrated Building Services ARK 754