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Tutorial 2

Topic 2 : Instructional design

ADDIE model and ASSURE model

Prepared by
Izzati Masturah Madini
Shaliza Abdul Said
Wan Nor Hazwani Hazirah
Instructional Design
Maximise the effectiveness, efficiency and appeal of
instruction and other learning experiences.
The process consists of determining the current state and
needs of the learner, defining the end goal of instruction, and
creating some "intervention" to assist in the transition.
Instructional design, also known as instructional systems design, is
the analysis of learning needs and systematic development of
instruction. Instructional designers often use Instructional technology
as a method for developing instruction.
Instructional design models typically specify a method, that if followed
will facilitate the transfer of knowledge, skills and attitude to the
recipient or acquirer of the instruction."
The ADDIE model is used by instructional designers
and training developers. It is composed of five phases
Implementation, and
Which represent a dynamic, flexible guideline for
building effective training and performance support
tools. This model attempts to save time and money by
catching problems while they are still easy to fix.
ADDIE Model :
A = Analysis
In analysis stage of ID process, want to find out:
Who are the learners or audience
Audience analysis
What is the goal or intended outcome
Goal analysis
ADDIE Model :
D = Design
Content of the course
Subject matter analysis

Steps of instruction
Lesson planning-writing objectives

Type of media or presentation mode

Media selection
ADDIE Model :
D = Development
Development of instruction
Generate lesson plans (different from lesson planning) and
lesson materials.
Complete all media & materials for instruction, and supporting
End result is a course or workshop ready for delivery.
ADDIE Model :
I = Implementation
The delivery of the instruction.
Purpose is effective & efficient delivery of instruction.
Promote students understanding of material & objectives, and
ensure transfer of knowledge.
ADDIE Model :
E = Evaluation
Two related evaluations going on simultaneously in most ID

Formative Evaluation
Summative Evaluation
The elusive origins of the ADDIE
Remarkably it appears that the ADDIE model
wasnt specifically developed by any single
author but rather to have evolved informally
through oral tradition.
The ADDIE Model is merely a colloquial term
used to describe a systematic approach to
instructional development.
ASSURE model
Analyze learners characteristics, competencies, and learning
State objectives for what your lesson should accomplish (ABCD
Select, modify, and design methods, media, and materials
Utilize methods, media and materialsimplement the lesson
Require learner participation in lesson
Evaluate learner outcomes with objectives and revise as

From Instructional Media and Technologies for Learning by

Robert Heinich, Michael Molenda, James D. Russell, Sharon E.
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How to connect the mentioned models
in the 21st century learning
In the 21st century, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is providing us
with new ways to access and process knowledge in every field. ICT is also transforming
pedagogy by providing new ways to engage learners.

In ASSURE Model, we can utilize media and materials as it gives particular attention to
the integration of technology. For example, the flipped classroom, blended learning, lab
rotation model and station rotation model.

It also focused on the learners (student-centred learning) which has the "Require
Learner Participation stage. Teachers will act as facilitators and guide the students
when needed. A lesson plan should include a description for how you will require your
learners to know, comprehend, apply, analyse, synthesize, and evaluate the information
included in the lesson. It is critical that your description states how you plan to get each
learner actively and individually involved in the learning process. The goal here is for
active learning to occur!
In ADDIE model, there are formative and summative evaluation
which can be used in the 21st century learning.
Formative test/questionnaire/quizzes/
Summative at the end of semester