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Content

NB-IoT Industry Update

NB-IoT Solution Highlights

Network Deployment and Operation

How to Boost NB-IoT Ecosystem Development

Examples of Use Cases for Commercialization

Business Model

2 2 Huawei Confidential
Cellular Network Powering 3 Billion Cellular IoT Connections in 2020

Industry
Smart Meter
Smart Agriculture Personal
2020 Smart Band
Smart Watch

3bln
2015

400mln 7X
Cellular IoT
Connections
Cellular IoT
Connections

Home
Home Appliances
Camera
Public
Asset Tracking
Smart Parking
Source: GSMA & Huawei MBB Lab
3 3 Huawei Confidential
LPWA to Represent 70% of Cellular IoT Connections

Market Connections in 2020 Requirements Technology


Segment (Billion)

CCTV(Camera)
l >10Mbps 3G/4G
In-vehicle Entertainment
0.2B

IoT Gateway Backhaul l ~1Mbps 2G/3G/Cat-1


Wearable l Low power

0.8B consumption
Cat-M1

Sensors, Meters l Low Throughput (<100kbps)


Asset Tracking 2B l Deep Coverage 20dB
Short Range Tech.
Sigfox, LoRa
Smart Parking l Low power (10 Years)
NB-IoT
Smart agriculture l Low cost (<$5)

LPWA: Low Power Wide Area

4 4 Huawei Confidential
Future Oriented Cellular IoT Network: NB-IoT+eMTC+4G

Plan Refarming
2G Low Cost Cellular IoT Refarming STOP GPRS M2M Service Done
(900M)
Plan Refarming
3G Refarming Replace 3G M2M with 4G Done

2005 2016 2020 2025

4G ~10Mbps Cellular IoT


(Including CAT-1)

Future Oriented
eMTC Cellular IoT ~1Mbps Cellular IoT
Technology

NB-IoT ~100kbps Cellular IoT(Full Capability LPWA)

5 5 Huawei Confidential
NB-IoT/eMTC Standardization Progress

2016.03 2016.06 2016.11 2017.06

R13 frozen R14 frozen

R13 Completed R13 R14


RAN1 RAN4(Performance) Positioning
RAN2 Multicast
NB-IoT RAN3 Multi-PRB enhancements
Mobility and service continuity
enhancement
New Power Class
DL 80kbps/UL 106kbps (EQU GPRS)

R13 Completed R13 R14


RAN1 RAN4(Performance) Positioning
eMTC RAN2 Multicast
RAN3 Mobility enhancements
Higher data rates -3Mbps
VoLTE

6 6 Huawei Confidential
Most Operators Select NB-IoT as First C-IoT Network

NB-IoT first
+
eMTC

eMTC first
+
NB-IoT

LoRA first
+
eMTC

7 7 * Most operators will separate IOT deployment to two phase for low and medium data transmission rate technology. Huawei Confidential
GSMA NB-IoT Forum to Stimulate the Ecosystem

22 Founding Members 59 NB-IoT Forum Members (January 2017)


Initiated GSMA NB-IoT Forum
2016.02


8 8 Huawei Confidential
Global NB-IoT Open Labs Accelerated Industry Development

OpennessEmpower Vertical Industry

InnovationFoster Applications

Global NB-IoT Open Labs

9 9 Huawei Confidential
SoftRadio Enables Device Management w/o Chipset/Module

Device Development NB-IoT Open Lab APP Server

1 SoftRadio Huawei
Serial IoT Platform
Interface Internet Internet
Service Platform
2
eNodeB Core Network
Water Meter
PC

App developing without


chipset/module
Application IUP/New TUP
IUP/New TUP Application
CoAP RESTFUL RESTFUL
CoAP HTTP HTTP HTTP
AT CMD AT CMD HTTP TCP TCP TCP
TCP IP IP IP
IP L2 L2 L2
L2 L1 L1 L1
UART
UART L1

Enable 90% developing job finished locally UART: Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter
1 day finishing wireless commission test in Huawei Open Lab CoAP: Constrained Application Protocol

10 10 Huawei Confidential
NB-IoT Test/Development Kit is Ready

Multi-function
EVK Toolkit USB Dongle R&S SMW200A
Diagnostic Equipment
Scenario: Study, Design Test the Functionality and Integrating GPS, GPRS, eNodeB RF performance
and Development of Performance in Lab or Drive Bluetooth and Sensors to test instrument
Hardware Interface and AT Test Simulate the Real Application
Command Scenarios with Different
Parameter Configuration

11 11 Huawei Confidential
Support from Leading Chipset/Module Vendors Boost NB-IoT Ecosystem
2016 2017
Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4

C
Boudica 120 ES Boudica 120 CS Boudica 150 Boudica 150 CS
H NB-IoT 698~960MHz (for Test) 698~960/1800/2100MHz
I Chipsets
P
S
XMM 7115 nRF91 From third party PR but no released timelines
E http://www.c114.net/news/51/a981047.html

T
S NB-IoT/eMTC
Chipsets
MDM 9206(*) XMM 7315 Monarch

M
O
NB-IoT
D Module
SARA-N2 BC95
U NB-IoT
NB-IoT
L Announced but no released timelines
E
S
CS, Commercial Sample; ES, Engineering Sample * MDM9207 will support NB-IoT in 2017, MDM 9306 will be in 2018
12 12 Huawei Confidential
NB-IoT Ecosystem is Taking Off
40+ partners from 20+ industries

Smart Water Smart Gas Smart Grid Smart Parking

Asset Smart Smart Smoke Air Quality


Tracking Agriculture Lighting Detector Monitoring

Pet Bicycle White Electronic


Healthcare Manufacturing
Tracking Sharing Goods Service

13 13 Huawei Confidential
30+ NB-IoT Networks will be Deployed in 20+ Countries in 2017
Representing 32% of Global Population & 10% of Countries

Belgium Netherlands Denmark Norway

United Kingdom

Germany

France
South Korea
Canada Iceland
Italy
Japan
Portugal
China
Spain
UAE Thailand

Saudi Arabia Singapore


Brazil
South Africa Australia

Chile Argentina

14 14 Huawei Confidential
NB-IoT Commercialization Started Sailing

NB-IoT sites number : 200K

100K

5K
Now 17.6.30 17.12.31

18 networks started rolling out:

15 15 Huawei Confidential
Top Operators Commercialization Status

System Introduction@SRAN12.0 from Nov 800 NB-IoT Site deployed in Shanghai


900M standalone
Rollout in Germany/Netherland in March 2017
46K sites planned in 2017
Announced to launch in 8 countries in Europe Use Cases: Fire Alarm, Smart Parking
Germany: 900 Inband, Netherland:900 Guardband 90 sites enabled NB-IoT in Shenzhen
Use Cases: Heating, Water Meter, Trash Bin 100+ NB-IoT sites deployed,300K sites
planned for NationWide Coverage in 17H1
System Introduction@SRAN12.0 form Nov 800M Standalone
Use Cases: Water Management
1000+ sites upgraded to NB-IoT in Spain(800M Inband)
Field Trial in Hangzhou in 16Q4
Use Cases: Water Meter in Spain
480+ NB-IoT sites deployed
Several Sites Field Trial@SRAN12.0 in 16Q4 900M Standalone
Commercialization in Several Cities in 2017 Q2 3500 sites are upgraded
800M Inband Nation-Wide Coverage in 17H1
850M Inband
Field Trial in Belgium in 2016Q4 Use Case: Air Monitoring, Gas Meter
800M Inband
Field Trial in 16Q4
Field Trial in Chile in 2016Q4 Commercialization in 17H1
1800M Guardband
16 16 Huawei Confidential
Spectrum Selection of NB-IoT Operators

APT700
Latin America

800M
Germany Hungary

850M

900M
Germany,Holland,
Germany
Poland, Austria

1800M

17 17 Huawei Confidential
Deutsche Telekom: Nationwide Rollout in 2017.3
Commercialization progress
Commercial Nationwide NB-IoT rollout across Europe
45 sites 6000 sites 11000+ sites
Launch coverage in 8 countries in 2017
Roll out in Enable NB-IoT with the
Pilot
Germany progress of modernization

17.2.19~17.3 17.3~17.5 2017.6 2018.12


Commercial
5000 sites
Launch
Nationwide Roll
out in Netherland

2017.4~2017.6 2017.6

Use cases

Smart building:
Heat consumption Parking
Smart waste
Water consumption management
Intelligent smoke alarms

18 18 Huawei Confidential
Vodafone announced the commercialization of NB-IoT

4 countries in Europe Officially announced the Madrid, Valencia, Barcelona is


(Germany, Ireland, the commercialization of NB-IoT on 23rd covered, Plan to cover 6 cities in
Netherlands and Spain) will Jan 17 2017H1
commercially launch NB-IoT in 1000 sites activated NB-IoT in
2017. Spain up to 14th Feb 17;
800M Inband deployment
19 19 Huawei Confidential
LGU+: NB-IoT Nationwide Coverage in April 2017

Commercialization progress

Open lab 3500 sites upgraded (100 Nationwide coverage Commercial


announced of them activated NB-IoT) (Huawei area) 4700 sites Launch

2016.11 2017.2.15 2017.4 2017.7

Use cases

Air pollution detection Gas metering 300K smart home devices


(5 Million meters in plan) (Connectivity swap to NB-IoT in 2017)

20 20 Huawei Confidential
China Unicom: 800+ Sites Activated NB-IoT in Shanghai
Shanghai Unicom: Network readiness accelerates the
Start NB-IoT deployment @2016.9 development of vertical customers

Parking operator Gas Utility Fire center

NB-IoT Network
Coverage Smart Parking Smart Gas Meter Smart Fire Protection

900M stand alone


800+ base stations covered
Shanghai middle circle in 2016Q4
Will cover whole shanghai city with
2600 sites in 2017

21 21 Huawei Confidential
China Telecom: Nationwide Coverage in June 2017

NB-IoT Pre commercial


2016.12, L800 deployment started
NB-IoT Trial
2017.2, 29K sites deployed L800
Jie Yang, Board chair NB-IoT
2017.5, 300K sites deployed
commercial
2017.6, NB-IoT enabled in L800

Use cases

Water meter OFO bicycle Haier white goods


22 22 Huawei Confidential
Content

NB-IoT Industry Update

NB-IoT Solution Highlights

Network Deployment and Operation

How to Boost NB-IoT Ecosystem Development

Examples of Use Cases for Commercialization

Business Model

23 23 Huawei Confidential
E2E Architecture Overview
Connect to Huawei IoT Platform (TUP will replaced by LWM2M1.0 in XXX)
Device
MCU Application Application
Neul TUP Neul TUP

Chipset CoAP CoAP HTTP HTTP


AP UDP/IP UDP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP

Chipset NAS NAS


CP Uu Uu

CoAP
IoT Core/Existing Core
NB-IoT Device MME HSS
S1-lite IoT Platform Third Party
NB-IoT/eMTC PGW SGW IoT APP Server

Connect to other Vendors IoT Platform


External
Application Application
MCU
Application LWM2M LWM2M oneM2M oneM2M oneM2M oneM2M

LWM2M LWM2M Application Chipset CoAP CoAP MQTT/HTTP MQTT/HTTP MQTT/HTTP MQTT/HTTP
AP
CoAP CoAP HTTP HTTP UDP UDP TCP TCP TCP TCP
Chipset
AP UDP/IP UDP/IP TCP /IP TCP/IP IP IP IP IP IP IP

NB-IoT Device IoT Platform NB-IoT Device IPE IoT Platform


IPE can be a separate element or part of IoT platform
24 24 Huawei Confidential
NB-IoT Solution Overview

Power Coverage Security LWM2M


Consumption

QOS
FOTA

Basic Experience
Throughput O&M
performance enhancement
Congestion
control Broadcasting

Latency Capacity Positioning eSIM

25 25 Huawei Confidential
1. Coverage: 20dB Coverage Gain over GSM/LTE
Coverage Comparison Coverage Extension Solution 164dB Verified during Test

20dB MCL(Max Coupling Loss) PSD (Power Spectrum Density) NB-IoT BS Attenuator NB-IoT Test UE
RF Cable RF Cable
than GPRS

LTE MCL=142.7 Up to 11dB


Path Loss = 164dB
GSM MCL=144 (23+141.4)
NB-IoT MCL=164 RSRP= Output power
180 KHz 15 KHz -141.4dBm =23dBm

3 times of coverage distance China Mobile Lab: MCL164dB achieved


than GPRS Repetition
bps UL Thpt DL Thpt
Up to 9dB DL Gain
Up to 12dB UL Gain 8000
PL: 164.2dB
GPRS (DL 8 Times and UL 6000 UL: 229bps,
16 Times Repetition) DL: 843bps
NB-IoT 4000

2000
PL(dB)
0
Penetrate 2 more Brick wall 110 120 130 140 150 160 170
than GPRS
China Telecom Field: MCL164dB
achieved in basement
26 26 Huawei Confidential
2. Power Saving: Key facts that impact battery life

1. Battery
Li/SOCl2 battery
3.6 V Capacity: 19 Ah
Module work voltage Rated voltage: 3.6 V
3.1 V
Max recommended continuous current: 230 mA
Li-ion battery
Hours
Max pulse current capability: 500 mA
195 100000
NB-IoT Module typical voltage range: 3.1-4.2v Li/SOCl2 battery

2. Coverage; 3. Traffic model; Use case Mode Traffic Coverage Battery life requirement
Smart PSM 12 144~154 5 years
Battery Life Year

Parking times/day
Smart PSM 1 164 China: 6 years
water times/day Japan: 10 years
4
3
Logistic eDRX 1 154 3 months
-110
2
1 -125
-120
-115
Tracking times/hour
-130
0 -135

27 27 Huawei Confidential
2. Power Saving: Technology Overview
Technologies for power saving Test results for water meter with PSM
Transmit GPRS Transmit Power Power
Path PSM Power Battery
UE 6mA@Monitor Consumption Consumption
Loss* Consumption life(Years)
Power Per Message Per Day
Monitor Time
130dB 79uAH 80.16uAH 159.16uAH 77.46
Transmit PSM Transmit 154dB 154uAH 80.16uAH 234.16uAH 52.65
UE
Power 3.34uA@Sleep 161dB 963uAH 80.16uAH 1043.16uAH 11.82
Monitor Sleep Time
More than 10 years battery life :
Transmit eDRX
6000mAH x 0.75 / 365 days / 1043.16uAH= 11.82 years
UE
Monitor Monitor Monitor Monitor
Power
Sleep Time
Traffic model: 100 bytes, once per day
Transmit Transmit
CDRX
Connected Connected Only test the power consumption of the
Monitor Monitor Agilent Keysight module
N6705+6781
CDRX OFF CDRX ON

28 28 Huawei Confidential
3.Throughput: User Peak Thpt Test Result with 15k ST(Single Tone)
Downlink Throughput (kbps) Uplink Throughput with 15K (kbps )

SA/GB/IB
IB SA/GB
170 Instant Thpt 250
Instant Thpt
226.667

21.25 Theoretical Thpt 15.625


Theoretical Thpt
21.25

21.25 Test Result 15.625


Test Result
21.25

60
R14 Target Multi HARQ, Larger TB Size R14 Target 106 Multi Tone
80

Stand alone, Guard band, In band has same experienced throughput ;

Instant throughput can achieve ~200kbps,


Send ACK Send Experienced throughput achieves ~20kbps due to
single HARQ process (UE can not send second
package until first package is acknowledged)
Insistant Thpt Experienced Thpt
29 29 Roadmap: Multi HARQ, Larger TB Size:18B,Multi-tone(17B, Boudica 150@2017Q3) Huawei Confidential
3. Throughput: Data transmit solution overview

COAP HSS
MSC
Non-IP SMS UDP/IP UDP/IP Non-IP
SMS-
NAS PDCP MME SC/GMSC/
IWMSC
RRC T6a
S1 API IoT Platform
S11
SCEF
CP IP/Non-IP Data
RLC S11
SGi
MAC
UP IP/Non-IP Data S5/S8
PHY eNB S-GW P-GW APP Server

Pros Cons Roadmap

CP IP Data Simple in eNB and UE More overhead (about 18Bytes in NAS


(Data over NAS) layer)
Non-IP Data No UDP/IP overhead(about 28 Bytes) UE can only communicate to one server. PS core:17A
Chip:V120 2017Q2
SMS Can be used to trigger UE perform an action. Longer latency than CP PS core:18B
For example: eSIM SIM Profile downloading Chip:V120 2017Q2
UP Data Less overhead (about 1Byte in PDCP layer) More complexity in eNB and UE eNB:17B;PS core:17B
Chip:V150(Q4)
30 30 Huawei Confidential
4.Positioning Technologies Overview

GPS/iBeacon ECID+RF Fingerprint UTDOA/OTDOA

Cell1RSRP,TA
Cell2RSRP
Cell3RSRP
TA

SRAN12.0 SRAN13.0 TA SRAN13.1(*)

TA

*(Depends on 3GPP R14 status)

Device needs GPS/iBeacon NB device reports TA and multi OTDOA: UE measures


Positioning Reference Signal
receiver, NB-IoT as a pipe to cell RSRP info
from eNB to get TDOA and
report position info. Location server searches library
reports to server
to calculate the position UTDOA: eNB measures the
TDOA from UE by NPRACH

TDOA: Time Difference of Arrival

31 31 Roadmap: eNB(18B);PS(18B);IoT platform(IoM1.5);Chip(V150@18Q1) Huawei Confidential


4.Positioning: Performance and Dependency

GPS/iBeacon+NB-IoT ECID+RF Fingerprint UTDOA OTDOA

Accuracy 10m 100m 50m 50m

Latency to get ~30s ~15s ~5s ~10s


location

Power ~0.3mAh ~0.25mAh ~0.05mAh ~0.2mAh


consumption to
get location

Device Needs GPS/iBeacon No special No special Needs chip supports


dependency sensor in device requirement to device requirement to device OTDOA

Network No special Needs GMLC, E- Needs GMLCE- Needs GMLCE-


dependency requirement to SMLC, RF Fingerprint SMLC SMLC
network database eNodeB needs GPS eNodeB needs GPS
for time for time
synchronization and to synchronization and to
get eNodeB get eNodeB geography
geography information information
The performance data are base on coverage class 0

32 32 Huawei Confidential
5. Security: 6 types 3 layers E2E Security Protection

Device and module procetor(Recommnded)


Device Application layer
1 1 Device Device vendor to implement app
1
MCU layer authentication
security by vertical vendor APP
Server Module Module vendor to implement
2 MCU software integrity check in MCU

Https
Module 2 MCU
Huawei IoT platform protector:
Transport layer 6
IoT Https Bidirectional certificate
6
DTLS: NB-IoT adds-on security platform
Boudica AP
3 IoT Platform Huawei Chip unique protector:
3
Boudica DTLS authentication, ciphering,
3 chip AP integrity check
SP
DOS attack check
4
Boudica Software integrity check to
4
5 chip SP prevent illegal software
5 Datalink layer embedding
CP

4G Security mechanism eNB/Core


5 Boudica 3GPP authentication, ciphering,
Security key in SIM chip CP integrity check

AP: Application Processor; SP: Security Processor; CP: Communication Processor


33 33 Roadmap: DTLS: chip V120@17Q3(phase1) 17Q4(phase2); IoT platform IoM1.3 Huawei Confidential
6. LWM2M: E2E Device Management
OMA device management standard evolution Features of Huawei NB-IoT LWM2M

LWM2M1.1 FOTA
Reboot device
LWM2M1.0
Device monitoring (Firmware version, Power Voltage)
Connectivity monitoring (RSRP, RSRQ, Cell ID)
2011 2013 2015 2017 Device application data report
Device
MCU Application
Application
LWM2M 1.0 LWM2M 1.0

Chipset CoAP CoAP HTTP


HTTP
AP UDP/IP UDP/IP TCP/IP
TCP/IP
NAS NAS
RRC
RLC RLC
Chipset
CP MAC MAC
PHY PHY
Device eNodeB IoT Core IoT Platform APP server

34 34 Roadmap: chip V120@17Q3; IoT platform IoM1.5 Huawei Confidential


7. Diff FOTA Solution

External
Memory
Old version Diff version

Diff version
External
Old version Upload Memory
Diff composition
tool in chipset
NB-IoT
IoT Platform Chip

NB-IoT
3rd IoT App Server
Diff version

Chip
generation tool
New version New version

Diff version package generating Package download Firmware upgrade

FOTA with full package FOTA with diff package


Assumption: Dependency:
Needs 1.5MB For 100 device/cell
Full package size: 750KB
external flash in MCU
Diff package size: 100KB
Needs App server to
upload package
3.3 days 0.5 days
35 35 Roadmap: chip V120@17Q2; IoT platform IoM1.3 Huawei Confidential
8.Latency: Low Latency to Meet Vertical Demand

UL E2E latency test result in PSM mode Vertical E2E Latency demand and test result

Use case
50B 100B 200B

Repetition 25
Unit: second 16
MCL 164dbm 154dbm 154dbm 144dbm 154dbm
Mode PSM PSM PSM DRX DRX
15.3
*** 13.1 Direction Uplink Uplink DL/UL Downlink Downlink
MSG 200B 100B 100B 50B 50B
Size
5.4
3.6 3.7 3.7 4.4 4.7 Latency <1 min <30 sec <30 sec <5 sec <5 sec
1 Demand
Test *** *** *** *** N/A
144dB 154dB 164dB result

36 36 Huawei Confidential
9. QoS Overview
Low priority

High priority
Water Water utility server
meter data

Fire alarm IoT Core


Fire station server

CP mode: Traffic priority is identified by Priority information in RRC Connection Request message:
mo-Exception-Data(just NB-IoT) > mt-Access > mo-Signaling > mo-Data >delayTolerantAccess
UP mode: Traffic priority is identified by QCI in each bearQCI=7~9
Scheduling priority of each QCI can be configured in eNodeB
Paging: Paging priority(1~8) is transferred to eNodeB within S1 paging message.
Priority 1 has highest scheduling priority

37 37 Huawei Confidential
10. Congestion Control Overview

Direction Congested resource Congestion control methodology

UL eNB (Uu resource, CPU Restrict UE random access


usage)
Restrict RRC connection setup

MME(CPU usage) Restrict Attach/TAU request

Restrict control plane service


Request

DL eNB(CPU usage) Restrict Paging

Relieve the load of eNodeB/MME Lora has no congestion


Prevent signaling storm control due to no
Ensure user experience on high-priority
scheduler
services

38 38 Huawei Confidential
11. Broadcast Overview
MB2-C: Diameter Interface
MB2-C: UDP Interface
SGmb: Diameter Interface
MME
SGi-mb: UDP Interface
M3
Sm

M1 SGmb/Sgi-mb MB2-C/MB2-U

SC-MCCH &
NB-IoT Device NB-IoT eNB MBMS GW BM-SC IoT Platform
SC-MTCH

Uni-cast full FOTA Uni-cast diff FOTA Multi-cast FOTA diff FOTA

Dependency:
3.3 0.5 30 Need chipset support
days days minutes broadcasting
Need add MBMS GW
& BM-SC

Assumption: 100 device, full package: 750KB, diff package: 100KB


39 39 Roadmap: eNB:18B; PS: 18B; chip V150; IoT platform IoM1.5 Huawei Confidential
12. Capacity: Overview

Device density per cell: Key factor to enable massive connections:


From 3GPP 45820
Case Househol Inter-site Number of Number of 1. Smaller schedule unit for UL traffic
d Density Distance devices devices NB-IoT: 15kHz, LTE: 180kHz
per Sq (ISD) (m) within a within a cell
2. NAS signaling Simplification, 40% of overhead saved
km household site sector
compared to LTE
Urban 1517 1732 m 40 52547 3. PSM/eDRX to minimize the resource usage for each device.

Comparison between NB-IoT and GPRS


Traffic Model: 100 Bytes/hour capacity:
Test Result: 18K Connections
50K Assumption:
Processed in 15min GSM cell has 1 TRX
Capacity: 18K*4>50K users/cell Traffic Model:
1000
100 Bytes/hour
NB-IoT GPRS

40 40 Huawei Confidential
12. Capacity: Scalable Cell Capacity with Multi Carrier
NPBCH NPSS NSSS NPDCCH/NPDSCH
Anchor
PRB

Non-


Anchor
PRB

UE camping on anchor PRB while in IDLE state, can be reconfigured to Non anchor PRB while entering
into RRC Connected state;
Random access can only be happened in anchor PRB, Paging can only be send in anchor PRB.
Anchor carrier and non anchor combination support SA+SA, GB+GB, IB+IB, GB+IB

41 41 Roadmap: eNB:18A; chip V150@17Q4; Huawei Confidential


13. eSIM: eSIM User Provisioning
EUM(eUICC Vendor) Module/Device maker Device maker or user

loads the 2.Personalization


eUICC
profiles
3. Download
1.Select
builds the eUICC

Issue
Pre-patronization

Embedded to device
& Activate
Operator
SIM card

5.Stop use 4.Start use

PRE ISSUANCE POST ISSUANCE

No need for physical SIM card;


Pre-Installed by device manufacturer;
Remote activation and remote operator change

42 42 Roadmap: chip V150@18Q1; IoT platform IoM1.3 Huawei Confidential


13. eSIM Example: eSIM User Provisioning for Meter

Meter Module Operator Operator eUICC card SM-DP


Utility
vendor vendor A B vendor &SM-SR

1. eUICC vendor cooperator with MNO A,


embedded with profile of MNO A, only
provide the access to OSM

3. Purchase module, 2. Purchase eSIM chip, build it into module


build it into meter
4. Purchase meter

5. Meter access MNO A network, if MNO A has no coverage in this country,


access roaming partners network.

6. Utility sign contract with MNO B, use MNO B's service

7. Request for MNO B's profile


8. Request to download and
activate new profile

8. Download B's profile by OTA, and activate new profile

9. Meter access MNO B's network

43 43 Huawei Confidential
NB-IOT BeyondR14 briefing
New Power Class Multi-PRB enhancements Multicast

23dBm 14dBm N*100K connections

DL 80kbps/UL 106kbps Mobility and service


UTDOA/OTDOA
(EQU GPRS) continuity enhancement

~20kbps ~100kbps

44 44 Huawei Confidential
Content

NB-IoT Industry Update

NB-IoT Solution Highlights

Network Deployment and Operation

How to Boost NB-IoT Ecosystem Development

Examples of Use Cases for Commercialization

Business Model

45 45 Huawei Confidential
Network Deployment and Operation

Item Key Message

Reuse 2G/3G/4G hardware to deploy NB-IoT

Site 1:1 is suggested if sharing antenna with existing 2G/3G/4G

Low Band is Dominated


Spectrum
Flexible Deployment Option: Standalone/Guard Band/In-Band

Power Minimum 1*3.2W/2*1.6W

Parameter PCI & PRACH Configuration to Avoid Interference

Device Deployment Things Coverage Methodology to guarantee user experience

46 46 Huawei Confidential
1. Site: Reusing Legacy SingleRAN Base Station

All LTE capable BBPs and MPTs


support NB-IoT, except LBBPc
All SDR RF modules can support
BBP LTE max cell number will be
NB-IoT, except V1 module
reduced after enable NB-IoT cell
in this board, except UBBPe

GSM GSM+NB-IoT Add UBBP board to support NB-IoT base band

GTMU GTMU ADD UMPT to support NB-IoT signaling process


UBBP UMPT
Reuse RRU and antenna

UMTS UMTS+NB-IoT
Add UBBP board to support NB-IoT base band
UBBP Reuse RRU and antenna
WBBP UMPT WBBP UMPT

LTE LTE+NB-IoT
Software upgrade to support NB-IoT
Reuse RRU and antenna
LBBPd LMPT LBBPd LMPT

47 47 Huawei Confidential
1. Site: 1:1 is suggested if sharing antenna with existing 2G/3G/4G

1:4 tilt requirement


If NB-IoT shares antenna with existing 2G/3G/4G, and
1:1 tilt requirement is deployed with 1:4, the tilt cannot be changed to
match 1:4 coverage requirement, the coverage of NB-
IoT cannot be consistent.

Cell-edge Cell-edge
shrink shrink NB-IoT coverage
LTE coverage

48 48 Huawei Confidential
2. Spectrum: Low Band is Dominated
Operators NB-IoT spectrum selection
25 700~900M:

Good coverage, Less frequency resources, more difficult to clear spectrum

1800M:

3 4
2 Coverage is poor, More spectrum resources in 1800M, Easy to get spectrum
resource
700 800 900 1800

900/850: mostly deployed with standalone mode, deployed in 2G/3G sites, which result to more sites number and good
coverage
700/800: mostly deployed with Inband mode, deployed in 4G sites, NB-IoT can be enabled by software upgrade, NB-IoT
coverage depends on current L700/800 coverage
1800: mostly deployed with guard band mode, together with L1800, operators who selected 1800M mostly because lack
of low band sites or spectrum.

49 49 Huawei Confidential
2. Spectrum: Flexible Options, Standalone/Guard Band/In-Band
Deploymen NB-IoT NB-IoT Downlink Throughput LTE Peak
t mode Output power throughput
cell Throughput User peak throughput Cell edge throughput LTE Capacity

Standalone no limitation 105.84kbps 21.2kbps 1.8kbps@164dB (*) No impact to LTE No impact to LTE

GuardBand 6~9dB+LTE RB 105.84kbps 21.2kbps 0.97kbps@164dB (**) No impact to LTE No impact to LTE
power

In Band 6dB+LTE RB 84.24kbps 21.2kbps 0.67kbps@164dB (**) DL:4-14.5% loss; Occupy 1 RB of


power UL:1-12.5% loss LTE cell
(*)with cell power 20w (**)with cell power 2*1.6w
SA has best Performance than GB and IB
Thpt Deployment proposal:
25 (kbps) Stand alone
Guard band 1. If have spare spectrum, or have the possibility to refarm G/U/C spectrum,
20 In band
Stand alone is recommended, because of good coverage and good NB-
15
IoT&LTE performance;
10 2. Otherwise In band is recommended;
5 PL 3. Guard band can only be deployed with LTE cell bandwidth >=10MHz, and
(dB) need consider the legal risk to the neighbor band operators.
0 140 145 150 155 160 165
50 50 Huawei Confidential
3. Cell Power: Minimum 1*3.2W/2*1.6W

Downlink is used for:


Australia water meter traffic model
1. System information broadcasting;
2. Acknowledgement of uplink data;
Ratio Message size ACK MSG size
3. Downlink data: parameter configuration, control
UL 95% 255 45
command, software upgrade.
DL 5% 65 55
DL Thpt

970bps
@164dbm Capacity simulation results
channel BHCA (5W) BHCA (3.2W)
1*6.4W 670bps
@164dbm UL PUSCH 22.4K 22.4K
1*3.2W DL PDSCH 24.6K 20K

PL
164
Downlink will be the bottleneck if output power <1*3.2W
High power can get higher cell edge throughput Suggest to configure output power >3.2W for capacity
High power can also achieve higher cell capacity concern.

51 51 Huawei Confidential
3. Cell power: NB-IoT Link Budget

Legacy GPRS LTE(2*20W,10MHz) NB-IoT

Parameter PDSCH PDSCH PDSCH PDSCH


PDSCH PUSCH PUSCH
DL UL standalone standalone Guard-band In-band
(DL) (UL) 15kHz
20W 6.7W 2*1.6W 2*1.6W

Data rate(bps) 20K 20K 20K 20K 1800 1200 970 670 160

(1) Tx Power in Occupied Bandwidth (dBm) 43 33 32 23 43 38.2 352T2R 352T2R 23

(2) Thermal Noise Density (dBm) -174 -174 -174 -174 -174 -174 -174 -174 -174

(3) Occupied Bandwidth (kHz) 180 180 360 360 180 180 180 180 15
(4) Receiver Noise Figure (dB) 5 3 5 3 5 5 5 5 3
(5) Interference Margin (dB) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(6) Effective Noise Power (dBm) =
-116.4 -118.4 -113.4 -115.4 -116.4 -116.4 -116.4 -116.4 -129.2
(2)+10log10((3))+(4)+(5)
(7) Required SINR (dB) 10.4 12.4 -4 -4.3 -5 -9.7 -12.6 -12.6 -12

(8) Receiver Sensitivity (dB) = (6)+(7) -106 -106 -117.4 -119.7 -121.4 -126.1 -129.0 -129 -141.2

(9) Rx processing gain (dB) 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

(10) Maximal Coupling Loss (dB) = (1)-(8) +9 149 144 149.4 142.7 164.4 164.3 164 164 164.2

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4.Parameter: PCI & PRACH Configuration to Avoid Interference
PCI Principle: PRACH Principle:

NB-RS port0
PCI=2
LTE CRS
To avoid interference,

PCI=1 NB-RS port1 Neighboring cells PRACH Subcarriers should be different


NB-RS port1
PCI=3

Position of RS depends on PCI PRACH Period

To avoid interference, PCI of intra-frequency adjacent PRACH-Cell-0


cells must follow: 45K
CE0 CE1 CE2
In band Guard band Stand alone
180 PRACH-Cell-1
45K PUSCH
NB-IoT cell Different with PCI mod3(2T) KHz CE0 CE1 CE2

must configure Different with PCI mod6(1T)


PRACH-Cell-2
Different with PCI Mod 16 (UL 45K
the same PCI CE0 CE1 CE2
DMRS)
as LTE cell.

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5.Device Deployment: Things Coverage Methodology to guarantee user
experience
Things-Oriented Network Planning Methodology
Experience Evaluation Experiences Modeling Things Coverage Planning

ABCDE Experience Experience to Network Factors

Battery Life Model Battery life16 years


5 Availability
4 50 RSRP-102dBm

Battery Life Year


3 40
Energy
30
Bandwidth 5
Efficiency
20
4 2 3
5 3
10
Battery life 18 years
1 0
4
3 -110
2 -115
-120
1 -125 RSRP-110dBm
4 5 0 -135
-130

5 5
5 Delay
Coverage
Sensitivity
Availability RAT

Bandwidth M Spectrum
O
Drive Assistant
Coverage D Feature
Smart Water Meter E BatteryLife:18~20 years
Delay Sensitivity L QoS
BatteryLife:14~18 years
Industry Control
Energy Efficiency RSRP/SINR
BatteryLife:10~14 years
BatteryLife:5~10 years

Page 54 Huawei Confidential


54 54
Content

NB-IoT Industry Update

NB-IoT Solution Highlights

Network Deployment and Operation

How to Boost NB-IoT Ecosystem Development

Examples of Use Cases for Commercialization

Business Model

55 55 Huawei Confidential
How to Boost NB-IoT Ecosystem Development

Huawei partner resource for operators Proposal to build local ecosystem

20+ types of vertical industries


Benefit sharing

Build alliance Influence standard

40+ vertical partners


Partner talk Policy support

Open lab Deploy Network

56 56 Huawei Confidential
Setup Local Open Lab for Local Ecosystem Development

Network evolution verification


New application innovation
Device integration
Business model research
Product compliance certification

Global NB-IoT Open Labs


57 57 Huawei Confidential
Deploy NB-IoT Network to Convince Vertical Customers

Shanghai Unicom: Network accelerate the development of


Start NB-IoT deployment @2016.9 vertical customers

Smart Parking Smart Gas Meter Smart Fire Protection


NB-IoT Network
Coverage Parking operator Gas Utility Fire center

Network readiness accelerate the expansion of


China NB-IoT alliance

Expanded
800+ base stations cover Shanghai city 1000+ members@2017Q1
In 2016Q4

58 58 Huawei Confidential
Partner Talk Initiatives to Build Local Ecosystem

Deutsche Telekom program for startups:


NB-IoT Prototyping Hub for Startup Company The program ecosystem is connecting NB-IoT solution
partners, technology partners, Deutsche Telekom and their
customers to build disruptive end-to-end solutions together

Support plan for startups:

Demo Kit Lab trial Field trial Roll out

AIS partner talk Wuxi Telecom partner talk

59 59 Huawei Confidential
Get Policy Support from Government

NB-IoT Matches Government Strategy China Government Promotes NB-IoT Deployment

Japan, Singapore &


China Europe Ministry of Industry and
USA

Information Technology of
Broadba DAE Tokyo
China promotes NB-IoT
nd China 2020 2020
deployment

Industry Smart
Internet+
4.0 Country

Fujian Government
Made in committed to invest 100M
China AMP2.0*
2025 RMB/Year for IoT industry
development.

60 60 Huawei Confidential
Work with NB-IoT Alliance to Gather More Players

GSMA NB-IoT Forum(59 Members) China NB-IoT Alliance(1000+ members)

Operators

Infrastructure Module
vendors vendors

Chip Integration
vendors companies

Vertical Utilities
vendors

61 61 Huawei Confidential
Work with Vertical Partners to Make NB-IoT as Vertical Standard

Huawei work together with


EDP JANZ NOS to verify NB-
IoT smart grid meter, target to
put NB-IoT as European grid
meter standard

Water meter trade association, target to


verify NB-IoT smart water metering, put
NB-IoT as water meter standard

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Build Win-Win Business Model to Share Benefits with Partners

NB-IoT NB-IoT Service Service Service


Network Reseller Customer
module device enabler integrator provider

SIM Card Vending machine Network Platform Solution build- Packaging/bun Reseller Buys service
Chip Appliance infrastructure Applications up dling service
Module Meter Backhaul Consulting Hardware Device
Sensor infrastructure Network Application management
Connectivity design development Service
Customer care Installation provisioning
Data
management

5~10% 15~20% 30~40% 15~20% 15~20% ?

Total Value
Source: Schlautm ann, A,et all

63 63 Huawei Confidential
Content

NB-IoT Industry Update

NB-IoT Solution Highlights

Network Deployment and Operation

How to Boost NB-IoT Ecosystem Development

Examples of Use Cases for Commercialization

Business Model

64 64 Huawei Confidential
Top Proposed NB-IoT Use Cases

Use Case E2E Technical Status Device Manufacture Project


Water Meter Ready Sanchuan, NWM, Huizhong China (3 projects), Australia, Spain,
Chile, South Africa

Gas Meter Ready Goldcard China (1 project)

Electronic Meter Ready Holley China (1 project)

Smart Parking Ready Fangle, Q-Free, InnoTek, China (2 projects), German, Norway

Street Light Ready AOD, INSIGMA YISHENG China (2 projects)

Pet/Person Band Ready Oviphone China, Canada, Thiland, UAE

Air Quality Monitoring Ready iRex Korea, China

Smoke Detector Ready in March 2017 Hothink China, UAE

Bicycle Sharing Ready in April. 2017 ofo China, Thailand

65 65 Huawei Confidential
NB-IoT Smart Water Solution
Market Opportunities Smart Water Application Scenarios
Coverage
GPRS: 20% of meters fail to report by, need Smart Meter
extra manual reading

Power Consumption Pipe Network Monitoring

GPRS: 2-year battery life is a barrier to large


scale deployments Tank Monitoring

NB-IoT, Best Technology for Smart Water Typical Application Traffic Model

20dB
Coverage GPRS
Extension
NB-IoT

10 years
PSM/eDRX

66 66 Huawei Confidential
Smart Water Meter: Partners
Already tested in 7 projects of 4 countries Typical huge quantity service, 100k quantity
Technical ready, focus on business model level projects

Denmark China China China China

900MHz 800MHz
100K meters planning in Shenzhen 4Million meters market size in Spain
400K meters planning in Fuzhou Spain
China
50k meters planning in Yingtan
800MHz
700MHz 2Million meters market size in Australia
700k meters planning space in Chile Australia
Chile

67 67 Huawei Confidential
Air Quality Monitoring: South Korean Case Study

Deployment site: bus station


Clean city plan
Traffic: 1 message/hour

APP
SO2
NO2
O3
NB-IoT eNB IoT Core IoT Platform APP Server
CO
Internet
Temperature
Dimension: W135xH167xD56(mm)
Weight: 300g
PM2.5 / PM10
Vcc: 220v
Jan. 2017 20 Feb. 2017
Topr: -10 to 60 C
Start Nation coverage Wireless Network: NB-IoT
Deployment rollout (70k pcs RRU)
Freq. Band: 850MHz
850MHz in-band (10MHz)
Output power: 2*5W IRX-ENV-NB-01A is a sensor device for measuring the air quality of the outdoor air condition.

Network Performance: No impact on LTE

68 68 Huawei Confidential
Air Quality Monitoring: Partners

Hanwang Hanwei iRex


China China China South Korea

Temperature PM2.5/PM10 Temperature Temperature


Humidity Humidity PM2.5/PM10
PM2.5 NO2, SO2 NO2, SO2
Methanal O3, CO

Indoor Hand-held Outdoor Outdoor


Cooperation with terminal Solar system AC power
Air-conditioner integrated

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Smoke Sensor Detector: Partners and Deployment Case

Prevent Fire Disaster Risk


Partner: HOTHiNK(China)
Key Requirement:
Plug and Play, low maintenance cost
Battery Lifecycle: 2 years with 2000mAh
battery
Data Content: Alarm
Traffic Model: <20Byte/msg/4 hours
High risk in dense urban

Government top job 100 devices will be commercial deployed in


Shanghai in March 2017, (10K total quantity)
Complex deployment scene and high
Government investment, 200K wireless smoke
reliable network requirement
sensor deployed in Shanghai in 2016

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Smart Lighting: Deployment Scenario
From Group Control to Unit Control Best Street Lamp Control Solution

Plug & Play Europe China


No Network Maintenance

Carrier-grade Reliability Typical Application Traffic Model
Down Link Control: No battery requirement
Manual/Automatic Control
10% Energy Saving Uplink: response, alarm
50% Maintenance Cost Saving Traffic Model: 50byte/msg Working mode: Idle

Command active time: 3~5s 2 message per day


Remote control of each Remote configuration
individual light of lighting timer
(On/off/tuning) Jiangsu government plans to deploy
Remote troubleshooting 6k NB-IoT street lights
Get lighting status in real
time Shandong government plans to deploy
6k NB-IoT street lamps (6 lamps in field
Remote upgrade software
test today)

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Smart Parking
NB-IoT Smart Parking
China Italy
One-hop Network, Easy Deployment
Remote Parking Sensor
Management, Easy Maintenance Norway China
Highly Reliable Telecom Network
Licensed Spectrum, No Interference

Typical Application Traffic Model

Legacy Parking Data Report Triger: Magnetic


change of vehicle parking
Working mode: PSM

Traffic Model: 100byte/msg Assumption condition: 12


msgs/hour, MCL: 144
5 years battery
requirement:6000mAH

Two-hop Network Shanghai Qianfang 80 devices


Manual Management
Difficult Relay Deployment
Typical roadside deployment
Revenue Loss
Maintenance Cost
Low Efficiency
Unstable Signal Due to Interference 5 lamps tested in Zhejiang Yunxi
Non 24x7 Hours
smart city

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Bicycle Sharing
Sharing Economy Innovation Bicycle Share Process

Find Available Open Clock


Use Bicycle Lock Report
Bicycle by Scan

Technical Requirements

GPS Position: Data Traffic:


At time of Open/Close Clock DL <50Byte, UL <1K
450M bicycles in China Heartbeat message if empty 13 messages/day
time reach 4 hours
0.1~0.15USD/ride
Response Time: Energy Consumption :

50M messages/day 3~5 seconds 3000mAh battery for 2 year usage

NB-IoT
100 NB-IoT bicycles test in Beijing University in March 2017
Unlock Position Lock 100K bicycles in Beijing city by September 2017
China Telecom to provide NB-IoT coverage in whole Beijing by
June 2017
73 73 Huawei Confidential
Smart Gas Meter: Partners
ShenZhen NB-IoT Gas Meter Project Available Partners

15 NB-IoT Base Stations Deployed Italy China

99% accessing success rate in road test


50 gas meters will be deployed in March
2017 China China

ShenZhen Project Requirements Device Energy Processing Model


Typical Application Traffic Model Coverage level: CC2
4 AA batteries
Traffic Model Traffic Content Report Period
UL: <100 Byte Record, alarm 1msg / day
Note: user responsible for battery change, if prepaid
DL: <100 Byte prepaid or not 1msg / month information is not sent to the gas meter, the meter will
turn off gas

74 74 Huawei Confidential
NB-IoT Kid & Pet Tracking
NB-IoT Based Tracker

Real time location tracking


Flexible report period
Motion triggered report on/off
In 2013, 627,911 US Configurable electronic fence
persons are recorded
missing (Source: NCIC) Accuracy <15m (GPS)

15% of pet owners have


reported a lost pet. With
over 100m pet households
in US (Source: Machina GPS Nano GPS iBeacon (Indoor) UTDOA
Research)

75 75 Huawei Confidential
Content

NB-IoT Industry Update

NB-IoT Solution Highlights

Network Deployment and Operation

How to Boost NB-IoT Ecosystem Development

Examples of Use Cases for Commercialization

Business Model

76 76 Huawei Confidential
Smart Water, $4.6/meter/year from Cost Saving

Utility Pain Point: High Cost Motivation: Cost saving 9.16M USD/Year

( 700K water meters


Manual read meter NB-IoT read meter Service
(Million USD/Yesr) (Million USD/Yesr)
IoT Platform Platform service*
27.3 Water leakage 19.1 4.6 USD/Meter/Year
Connection Connection
2.9 5
Meter cost Water meter

5.7 Cost for reading meter 3.2

Revenue=4.6 USD/meter/Year*700k
0.7 Compensation for 0.14
mis-reading
meters/2000sites=1600USD/site/year
36.6 27.44

Service provided by IoT platform Water meter status remained batteryupgradingtroubleshooting

77 77 Huawei Confidential
Smart Parking, $7.5 ARPU from Revenue Sharing

IoT-Parking as a Service , 5% revenue share

IoT-Parking as a Service
5% $0.27M
Service

Device managementOpen API


Income
IoT Platform Application integration
Income* $5.21M
2X ARPU
$2.74m ARPU
Parking Income Connection NB-IoT Network $7.5
$0.46
Labor cost* Increase Labor cost
$1.62m Labor 60 10 $0.27M
Device
Parking sensor: Device + integration +
installation service+3Years maintenance

* Income: $ 2.74M = 1000 Parking lots x $2.5/Day x 365Day x 3Years IoT


* Labor cost $1.62M = 60 People x $750/Month x 12Months x 3Years

78 78 Huawei Confidential
Thank You

79 79 Huawei Confidential