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CGE

Greenhouse Gas Inventory

Hands-on Training Workshop

UNFCCC NAI SOFTWARE

Sector: Industrial Processes Practical Aspects and Exercises

1

6.1

CONTENT

  • Details on use of the UNFCCC NAI Software to calculate and report GHG emissions in the Industrial Processes sector.

  • Practical exercises (to be solved by the participants after the presentation).

2

6.2

BACKGROUND

  • The decision trees in the IPCC good practice guidance are used to choose a good practice method that suits national circumstances.

  • The UNFCCC-NAI Software contains, basically, the methods of lesser complexity that countries can use to prepare their inventories.

  • However, in principle, the software can be used to report the estimated emissions independently of the complexity of method used (Tier 2, 3, etc).

3

6.3

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Sector 2: Industrial Processes

2-2s1 (1) 2-1s1 (A or B) 2-11s1 and 2-11s3 (3) 2-11s4 (1) 2-11s5 to 2-11s7 (2)

2-2s1 (1)

2-1s1 (A or B)

2-11s1 and 2-11s3 (3)

2-11s4 (1)

2-11s5 to 2-11s7 (2)

2-11s1 (1)

2-11s1 (1)

2-12s1 to 2-12s2 (2)

to 2-1s2 (3) (*)

2-13s1 to 2-13s2 (2)

2-14s1 to 2-14s2 (2)

2-15s1 to 2-15s3 (13)

2-5s4 (1)

2-3s1 (1)

2-4s1 to 2-4s2 (2)

2-5s1 to 2-5s2 (2)

2-5s3 (1)

2-5s5 (1)

2-6s1 to 2-6s2 (2)

2-7s1 (1)

2-8s1 (1)

2-9s1 to 2-9s4 (4)

2-10s1 to 2-10s5 (5)

Limestone and Dolomite Use (CO2)

Cement Production (CO2 and SO2)

Ferroalloys (CO2)

Aluminium (CO2, PFC)

Other Metal Production (all non-ferrous metals except Aluminium) (CO2)

SF6 used in Aluminium and Magnesium Foundries (SF6)

Pulp and paper Industries (NOx, NMVOC, CO, SO2)

Emissions Related to Production of HFCs, PFCs and SF 6

Emissions Related to Consumption of HFCs, PFCs and SF 6

Food and Drink Industries (NMVOC)

Lime Production (CO2)

Production of Other Chemicals (CH4, NOx, NMVOC, CO and SO2)

Soda Ash Production and Use (CO2)

Asphalt Roofing (NMVOC, CO)

Road Paving with Asphalt (NMVOC)

Glass Production (NMVOC)

Iron and Steel (CO2, NOx, NMVOCs, CO and SO2

Concrete Pumice Stone (SO2)

Ammonia Production (CO2, NMVOC, CO, SO2)

Nitric Acid Production (N2O, NOx)

Adipic Acid Production (N2O, NOx, NMVOC and CO)

Carbide Production (CO2 and CH4)

Source Categories and Subcategories

Worksheets

2-2s1 (1) 2-1s1 (A or B) 2-11s1 and 2-11s3 (3) 2-11s4 (1) 2-11s5 to 2-11s7 (2)

(#) Quantity of sheets

Changes in the worksheets with respect to the IPCC Software

In the current software the CO 2 emissions from cement production are calculated in two separate sheets, Table 2-1s1A for

emissions from cement production proper, and Table 2-1s1B for emissions from clinker production, which take into account

the CKD factor. Please only fill in EITHER sheet 2-1s1A OR Sheet 2-1s1B.

*
*

4

6.4

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Cement and Lime Production

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES (1)

SOFTWARE

UNFCCC - NAI

Methods

Tier 2

   

Remarks

   
 

-

software.

the EF, emissions can be calculated directly in the

default values for calculating EF). After having obtained

ratios and CaO (CaO.MgO) content by lime type (or use

Calculate EF outside the software using stoichiometric

Suggestion:

MgO content may be less than 100%.

lead to an overestimation of emissions because the CaO and

correspond to 100% of CaO (or CaO.MgO) in lime and can

The default emission factors in the IPCC Guidelines

-

production (Tier 1 only).

The emissions of SO 2 are calculated from cement

-

EITHER sheet 2-1s1A OR Sheet 2-1s1B.

take into account the CKD factor (Tier 2). Please only fill

Table 2-1s1B for emissions from clinker production, which

2-1s1A for emissions from cement production proper, and

production are now calculated in two separate sheets, Table

In the current software the CO 2 emissions from cement

2-2s1

Obtain/estimate

lime production

data by type of

lime. Calculate

EF and CO 2

emissions for

type of lime

Production

Lime

in the software

New worksheet

CO 2 )

2-1s1B (for

Tier 1: Worksheets Production (CO 2 and SO 2 ) 2-1s1A for CO 2 and 2-1s2

Tier 1:

Worksheets

Production

(CO 2 and SO 2 )

2-1s1A for CO 2

and 2-1s2 for

SO 2

Cement

5

6.5

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Exercise 2.1: Cement Production (I)

Country A: Year: 2000 Data

  • Three Portland cement plants operate in the country.

Information could not be obtained directly from the plants. The

country’s national statistics report only the data included in the

following table.

Country

Year

Cement

Clinker

Clinker

Production

Exported

Imported

(tonne)

(tonne)

(tonne)

A

2000

1 052 600

199 994

0

6

6.6

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Exercise 2.1: Cement Production (II)

Tasks Using the UNFCCCNAI Software:

  • 1. Calculate CO 2 and SO 2 emissions.

  • 2. Verify the emissions reported in the Sectoral and Summary Tables.

  • 3. Fill Table 8A (Overview Table) for the self evaluation of quality and completeness.

7

6.7

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Exercise 2.1: Cement Production (III)

Steps

  • 1. Open the software and select in the Industrial Processes sector Worksheet 2-1s1B CO 2 from Cement Production (Tier 2).

  • 2. Enter the amount of clinker produced in the year. Estimate clinker production from cement production (because the clinker fraction is not known use the default value of 95% for Portland cement). Subtract for clinker imports and add for exports (999,970 tonne + 199,994 tonne = 1,199,964 tonne clinker produced).

  • 3. Add a note in the documentation box clarifying how the quantity of clinker produced in the year was estimated.

8

6.8

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Exercise 2.1: Cement Production (IV)

Steps

  • 4. Enter the CO 2 EF selected. In absence of data for the clinker lime percentage consider default value of 65% and use default EF (clinker) = 0.5071 tonne CO 2 /tonne clinker).

  • 5. Calculate CO 2 emissions from clinker production. In absence of data on CKD, apply default correction factor for lost CKD (i.e. add 2% to the CO 2 calculated for clinker). CKD correction factor = 1.02

  • 6. Open the software and select in the Industrial Processes sector Worksheet 2-1s2 SO 2 from Cement Production (Tier 1).

  • 7. Enter the amount of cement produced in the year.

  • 8. Enter the SO 2 default EF for cement production.

  • 9. Go to the Sectoral and Summary Tables and verify the emission report.

9

6.9

CO2 EMISSIONS FROM CEMENT

PRODUCTION (TIER 2 METHOD)

CO2 EMISSIONS FROM CEMENT PRODUCTION (TIER 2 METHOD) ADD NOTE IN THE DOCUMENTATION BOX CLARIFYING HOW

ADD NOTE IN THE DOCUMENTATION BOX CLARIFYING HOW THE QUANTITY OF CLINKER PRODUCED WAS ESTIMATED

10

6.10

SO2 EMISSIONS FROM CEMENT

PRODUCTION (TIER 1 METHOD)

11

6.11

CO2 AND SO2 EMISSIONS REPORT FROM THE CEMENT PRODUCTION IN THE SECTORAL TABLE

CO2 AND SO2 EMISSIONS REPORT FROM THE CEMENT PRODUCTION IN THE SECTORAL TABLE 12 6.12

12

6.12

OBSERVE THAT THE SOFTWARE CALCULATES AUTOMATICALLY THE TOTAL NATIONAL EMISSIONS

OBSERVE THAT THE SOFTWARE CALCULATES AUTOMATICALLY THE TOTAL NATIONAL EMISSIONS CO2 AND SO2 EMISSIONS REPORT FROM
OBSERVE THAT THE SOFTWARE CALCULATES AUTOMATICALLY THE TOTAL NATIONAL EMISSIONS CO2 AND SO2 EMISSIONS REPORT FROM
OBSERVE THAT THE SOFTWARE CALCULATES AUTOMATICALLY THE TOTAL NATIONAL EMISSIONS CO2 AND SO2 EMISSIONS REPORT FROM

CO2 AND SO2 EMISSIONS REPORT FROM CEMENT PRODUCTION IN THE SUMMARY REPORT TABLE

13

6.13

CO2 AND SO2 EMISIONS FROM CEMENT PRODUCTION REPORT IN THE SHORT SUMMARY TABLE 14 6.14

CO2 AND SO2 EMISIONS FROM CEMENT PRODUCTION REPORT IN THE SHORT SUMMARY TABLE

14

6.14

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Exercise 2.2: Cement Production (I)

Country A: Year: 2000 Data

  • Three Portland cement plants operate in the country. The production data were collected directly from the plants. The data included information on CaO content of the clinker (67% average clinker lime percentage).

  • Each plant exported 20% of its annual production of clinker.

  • All of the CaO was from a carbonate source.

Country

Year

Cement

Clinker

Clinker

Production

Production

Exported

(tonne)

(tonne)

(tonne)

A

2000

1 052 600

1 199 964

199 994

15

6.15

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Exercise 2.2: Cement Production (II)

Tasks

Using the UNFCCCNAI Software:

  • 1. Calculate CO 2 emissions using the Tier 2 method.

  • 2. Verify the emissions report in the Sectoral and Summary Tables.

  • 3. Fill Table 8A (Overview Table) for the self evaluation of quality and completeness.

  • 4. Print the used worksheets, the Sectoral Summary Tables and

the Overview Table (8A).

16

6.16

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Limestone and Dolomite; Soda Ash

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES (2)

   

CATEGORIES

MAIN

UNFCCC -

Remarks

SOFTWARE

NAI

 

-

software.

After having obtained the EF, emissions can be calculated directly in the

Good practice guidance has not yet been developed.

-

Consumption is assumed to equal material mined plus material imported

-

used, one mole of CO 2 is emitted.

For most of the major uses it is assumed that for each mole of soda ash

-

the totals in the combustion section.

production should be accounted for separately and subtracted from

Alert: CO 2 emissions associated with the use of coke in soda ash

emissions.

available then there is no difficulty in using the software to obtain the

Good practice guidance has not yet been developed. If activity data are

where CO 2 is not generated.

cement, lime and magnesium, agricultural activities and processes

Alert: Exclude of calculation limestone or dolomite used for producing

minus material exported.

2-3s1

CaCO 3

limestone in

fractional

using the

default EF

Adjust the

dolomite used.

limestone or

quantity of

purity (f) of

Estimate

Limestone and

2-4s2 (use)

(production)

2-4s1

and Use

Soda Ash Production

Dolomite Use

17

6.17

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Production and Use of Mineral Products

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES (3)

CATEGORIES

MAIN

CATEGORIES MAIN

Remarks

 Asphalt

 
  • - Good practice guidance has not yet been developed. If activity data are

Roofing

available then there is no difficulty in using the software to obtain the

emissions. The spreading of asphalt leads to NMVOC emissions.

 Road Paving

UNFCCC - NAI

SOFTWARE

  • - Good practice guidance has not yet been developed. If activity data are

with Asphalt

available then there is no difficulty in using the software to obtain the

NMVOC emissions (a conversion factor of 100 kg/asphalt/m 2 road

surface may be used).

  • - There are not worksheets to estimate SO 2 , NOx and CO emissions

from asphalt plants (EFs are provided in the Reference Manual).

Suggestions: 1) For those gases make calculations outside of the

software, 2) incorporate the results manually in the Sectoral Table

and the Summary Tables of the Inventory, 3) add a note in the

information box of Worksheet 2-5s3 clarifying the method used and

results obtained.

18

6.18

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Other Mineral Products

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES (4)

SOFTWARE CATEGORIES MAIN pumice stone  Concrete Glass  Production Remarks Worksheets Tier 1: 2-5s4 NAI
SOFTWARE
CATEGORIES
MAIN
pumice stone
 Concrete
Glass

Production
Remarks
Worksheets
Tier 1:
2-5s4
NAI
UNFCCC -
emissions.
available then there are no difficulties in using the software to obtain SO 2
Good practice guidance has not yet been developed. If activity data are
2-5s5 SO 2
NMVOC emissions.
available then there is no difficulty in using the software to obtain
Good practice guidance has not yet been developed. If activity data are
NMVOC

19

6.19

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Ammonia Production

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES (5)

MAIN

UNFCCC -NAI

Remarks

CATEGORIES

SOFTWARE

   

20

6.20

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Nitric Acid, Adipic Acid Production

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES (5)

 

Remarks

  • - To achieve the highest accuracy, estimate N 2 O emissions at the plant

level using N 2 O generation and destruction factors (if abatement

technologies are implemented). Nationally compiled production data

may be used when plant-specific data are not available.

  • - The worksheet of the software does not facilitate subtraction of the

N 2 O destruction.

Suggestions:

1) Make the calculation outside of the software, 2) incorporate the

results manually in the Sectoral Table and the Summary Tables of

the Inventory, 3) add a note in the documentation box of Tables

2-7s1 and 2-8s1 clarifying the method used and results obtained.

  • - If no abatement technologies are implemented, use the software directly

to estimate the emissions of N 2 O, NOx, NMVOC and CO.

Alert: The N 2 O destruction factor for NSCR in Table 3.8 should not

be applied to an emission estimate using the NSCR default

generation factor.

21

6.21

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Carbide, Other Chemicals

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES (6)

MAIN

 

Remarks

CATEGORIES

 

UNFCCC - NAI

SOFTWARE

coke, carbon content in the software to obtain emissions. activity data are available then there is

coke, carbon content in

the software to obtain emissions.

activity data are available then there is no difficulty in using

Good practice guidance has not yet been developed. If

production

2-9s4 based on Carbide

Calcium Carbide

Carbide production (CH 4 )

2-9s3 Tier 1b based on

Calcium Carbide

sequestered in product.

coke and carbon input

consumption of petrol

CH 4 ). Tier 1a based on

2-9s1, 2-9s2 (CO 2 and

Silicon Carbide

Carbide Production

Alert: In the case that lime is not produced in the plant,

the emissions from the CaO step should be reported in

the section “lime production”.

coke, carbon content in the software to obtain emissions. activity data are available then there is

Production of Other

Chemicals

2-10s1 to 2-10s5 (CH 4 ,

NOx, NMVOC, CO and

SO 2 )

A simple methodology is

provided

Good practice guidance has not yet been developed. If

activity data are available then there is no difficulty in using

the software to obtain emissions. If necessary, add more

lines to the worksheet.

22

6.22

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Iron and Steel

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES (7) Metal Production (2-11s1 to 2-11s11)

CATEGORIES MAIN
CATEGORIES
MAIN
UNFCCC - NAI SOFTWARE Tier 2 Methods Remarks
UNFCCC - NAI
SOFTWARE
Tier 2 Methods
Remarks
CATEGORIES MAIN UNFCCC - NAI SOFTWARE Tier 2 Methods Remarks
CATEGORIES MAIN UNFCCC - NAI SOFTWARE Tier 2 Methods Remarks
  • - If activity data are available then there are few difficulties encountered

CO 2

Suggestions:

  • - Lime added to electric arc furnaces and its CO 2 emissions should

software to obtain emissions.

If activity data are available then there is no difficulty in using the

Non-CO 2 gases

good practice.

and production base EF (Worksheet 2-11s2) is not considered to be

Alert: The estimation of CO 2 emissions based on production data

the land-use change and forestry sector.

  • - When biomass carbon is used the emissions should be reported in

be accounted for in the lime use section.

in using the software to obtain CO 2 emissions (both using Tier 1 and

add the carbon released from consumed ele ctrodes.

Summary Tables. For steel produced in electric arc furnaces also

software and incorporate the results manually into the Sectoral and

obtain the total of emissions; do the calculations outside the

  • - To estimate the emissions from iron and steel separately and

Tier 2 method).

- If activity data are available then there are few difficulties encountered CO 2 Suggestions :
- If activity data are available then there are few difficulties encountered CO 2 Suggestions :
- If activity data are available then there are few difficulties encountered CO 2 Suggestions :
- If activity data are available then there are few difficulties encountered CO 2 Suggestions :
- If activity data are available then there are few difficulties encountered CO 2 Suggestions :
emissions from separately. calculated production are and steel iron production this method, produced. With in the
emissions from
separately.
calculated
production are
and steel
iron production
this method,
produced. With
in the metals
the carbon stored
a correction for
method includes
The Tier 2
estimate
SO 2
NMVOCs, CO and
2-11s3 (NOx,
emissions.
those used to
Tier 1: Worksheets
using EF similar to
reducing agent and
consumption of the
emissions from the
Tier 1 calculates
2-11s1 (CO 2 ). The
Iron and Steel
combustion

23

6.23

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Exercise 2.3: Iron and Steel Production (I)

Country A: Year: 2000 Data

  • A plant producing iron and steel operates in the country. The data, submitted directly by the plant, included only the iron/steel production and the amount of coke used as reducing agent (80,000 tonne). It was impossible to obtain more details about the chemical composition of the reducing agent and mineral used.

Country

Year

Iron/steel production (tonne)

A

2000

200 000

24

6.24

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Exercise 2.3: Iron and Steel Production (II)

Tasks Using the UNFCCCNAI Software:

  • 1. Calculate CO 2 emissions.

  • 2. Verify the emissions reported in the Sectoral and Summary Tables.

  • 3. Fill Table 8A (Overview Table) for the self evaluation of quality

and completeness.

25

6.25

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Exercise 2.3: Iron and Steel Production (III)

Steps

  • 1. Open the software and select in the Industrial Processes sector Worksheet 2-11-1 for Metal Production (because detailed data for reducing agents are not available use the Tier 1 Method. This method slightly overestimates emissions; 110%)

  • 2. Enter the mass of reducing agent used (80,000 tonne).

  • 3. Because country-specific data at the plant level are not available use the default EF for reducing agents in pig iron production (3.1 tonne CO 2 /tonne reducing agent).

26

6.26

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Exercise 2.3: Iron and Steel Production (IV)

Steps

  • 4. Estimate CO 2 emissions.

  • 5. Add note in the information box explaining that it was impossible to obtain more details about the chemical composition of the reducing agent and mineral used and for this reason the correction of column C is not applied.

  • 6. Go to the Sectoral and Summary Tables and verify the reported emissions estimates.

  • 7. Verify that the quantity of coke used as reducing agent was subtracted from the Fuel Combustion sector. Note: Tier 2 is more accurate but also more data-intensive. Includes a correction for the carbon stored in the metals produced.

27

6.27

CO2 EMISSIONS FROM IRON AND

STEEL PRODUCTION

NOTE IN THE DOCUMENTATION BOX

CO2 EMISSIONS FROM IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTION NOTE IN THE DOCUMENTATION BOX 28 6.28

28

6.28

CO2 EMISSIONS FROM IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTION IN THE SECTORAL REPORT TABLE 29 6.29

CO2 EMISSIONS FROM IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTION IN THE SECTORAL REPORT TABLE

CO2 EMISSIONS FROM IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTION IN THE SECTORAL REPORT TABLE 29 6.29

29

6.29

CO2 EMISSIONS FROM IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTION IN THE SUMMARY REPORT TABLE

30

6.30

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Ferroalloys

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES (8)

MAIN

 

Remarks

CATEGORIES

 

UNFCCC - NAI

SOFTWARE

Tier 1: Worksheets

2-11s4 (for Tier 1b

based on amount of

ferroalloy produced).

2-11s1 (for Tier 1a if

the quantity of

reducing agent is

known).

CO 2 - The software only has the worksheet for the Tier 1b method. - It
CO 2 - The software only has the worksheet for the Tier 1b method. - It
CO 2
- The software only has the worksheet for the Tier 1b method.
- It is most accurate to calculate the emissions using the
Tier 1a method.
Suggestion:
- For the Tier 1a method make the estimation in Worksheet 2-11-1.
Please only fill EITHER sheet 2-11s1 OR 2-11s4.
- When biomass carbon is used the emissions should be reported in the
Land-use Change and Forestry sector.
- Ferroalloys

31

6.31

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES Aluminium, Other Metals, SF 6 in Foundries

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES (9)

MAIN

UNFCCC - NAI

Tier 2

Remarks

CATEGORIES

SOFTWARE

Methods

CATEGORIES SOFTWARE Methods
 

Tier 1: Worksheets

 
 

Aluminium

CO 2

PFC

PFCs (CF4 and C2F6)

 

2-11-s1 for Tier 1a if

If smelter-

- Tier 1: The simplest method is to multiply default EF

quantity of reducing

specific

by Aluminium production. The Tier 1 c = Tier 1

agent is known.

measurements

(GPG200) method should be used only when no

2-11s5 Tier 1b CO 2

are

measured data exist (emissions vary significantly from

based on amount of

unavailable,

one smelter to the next).

aluminium produced

default

- The software only has the worksheets for the

PFC (CF4 and C2F6)

coefficients by

Tier 1 method (2-11s8 and 2-11s9).

-2-11s6 and 2-11s7

technology

Suggestion: For the Tier 2 method make the

Tier 1b PFCs

type may be

estimation outside the software and incorporate the

Calculation of

used.

results manually into the Sectoral and Summary

Emission Data

Tables. Add a note in the documentation box of

-2-11s8 and 2-11s9

Tables 2-11s8 and 2-11s9 clarifying the method used

Tier 1c Estimated

and results obtained.

Emission Data

-2-11s10 NOx, CO,

NOx, CO, SO 2

SO 2

If the amount of aluminium produced is known then

there is no difficulty in using the software to obtain the

emissions.

32

6.32

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES Aluminium, Other Metals, SF 6 in Foundries

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES (9)

MAIN

UNFCCC - NAI

Remarks

CATEGORIES

SOFTWARE

CATEGORIES SOFTWARE

Tier 1: Worksheets

Other Metal

Tier 1a and Tier 1b

CO 2

Production (all

-The software does not have specific worksheets for this.

non-ferrous

 

Suggestion:

metals except

  • - Use Worksheet 2-11s1 based on the consumption of reducing

Aluminium)

agents and the carbon content. Category ‘Other’.

  • - Add more lines to this worksheet if necessary. Verify the total

result (link) in the Sectoral and Summary Tables. Include any

necessary explanations in the documentation box.

SF 6 used in

Tier 1

  • - SF 6 emissions equal consumption. If the amount of SF 6 consumed is

Aluminium and

2-11s11

known then there are is no difficulty in using the software to obtain the

Magnesium

emissions.

Foundries

  • - Consumption is defined as the use of SF 6 as a cover gas.

33

6.33

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Pulp and Paper, Food and Drink

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES (10)

MAIN

 

Remarks

CATEGORIES

 

UNFCCC - NAI

SOFTWARE

no difficulty in using the software to obtain the NMVOC emissions.

quantity of food produced, by category of food, are available then there is

of alcoholic beverage produced, by category of beverage, and the annual

Good practice guidance has not yet been developed. If the annual quantity

Food and Drink

SO 2 emissions.

no difficulty in using the software to obtain the NOx, NMVOC, CO and

of air-dried pulp produced by pulp process type is available then there is

Good practice guidance has not yet been developed. If the annual quantity

Pulp and paper

Industries

no difficulty in using the software to obtain the NMVOC emissions. quantity of food produced, by

34

6.34

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES Production of HFCs, PFCs, SF 6

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES (11)

MAIN

UNFCCC -

Tier 2

Remarks

CATEGORIES

NAI

Methods

SOFTWARE

 
     

the method used and results obtained.

documentation boxes of Tables 2-12s1 and 2-14s2 clarifying

Sectoral and Summary Tables. Add a note in the

software and incorporate the results manually into the

For the Tier 2 method make the estimation outside the

Suggestion:

during production and handling of SF 6 .

Guidelines do not provide a default EF for inadvertent losses

products and 2-14s2 for fugitive emissions. The IPCC

simplest methods. Use Worksheet 2-14s1 for emissions of by-

- The software only facilitates the estimation with the

Tier 2.

provided for

worksheets

No

14s2

2-14s1 to 2-

are

and SF 6

HFCs, PFCs

Production of

Related to

Emissions

Worksheets

Tier 1:

35

6.35

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES Consumption of HFCs, PFCs, SF 6

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES (11)

     

MAIN

CATEGORIES

Tier 2

Methods

Remarks

SOFTWARE

NAI

UNFCCC -

 

-

The emissions occur as leakage from the chemicals used in different

types of equipment and due to the destruction of such equipment after

use.

The software only facilitates the estimation with the simplest

methods, both potential (Tier 1 method) and actual (Tier 2

method)

-

-

Potential bulk halocarbon emission (2-15s1)

Potential product halocarbon emission (2-15s2)

-

Total potential halocarbon emission (2-15s3)

Tier 2. Contains actual emissions calculations for each individual

chemical (bottom-up or top-down).

- The emissions occur as leakage from the chemicals used in different types of equipment and

Tier 2.

2-15s4

to 2-

15s13.

15s3 for

15s3 for 2-15s1 to 2- approach). (potential Tier 1b Tier 1a and Worksheets Tier 1: Emissions

2-15s1 to 2-

approach).

(potential

Tier 1b

Tier 1a and

Worksheets

Tier 1:

Emissions

Related to

Consumption of

HFCs, PFCs

and SF 6

36

6.36

SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES Exercise for self evaluation 1: GHG Emissions from different industrial processes (I)

Country A: Year: 2000. Data

  • The National Statistics Office provided production data of several industrial processes. Determine GHG emissions from those processes using the Tier 1 Method and the UNFCCCNAI Software.

  • Verify the emissions reported in the Sectoral and Summary Tables.

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SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES Exercise for self evaluation 1: GHG Emissions from different

industrial processes (II)

COUNTRY A: YEAR 2000. PRODUCTION DATA OF SEVERAL INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

PROCESS

PRODUCTION

EMISSION FACTOR

Quicklime

82

300 t

0.75 t CO 2 /t quicklime

Glass

7

173.04 t

4.5 kg NMVOC/t glass

Calcium Carbide

8

279.30 t

1.8 t CO 2 /t carbide

Alcoholic Beverages

   
  • Wine

155

900 hl

0.08 kg NMVOC/hl

  • Beer

2 136 100 hl

0.035 kg NMVOC/hl

  • Spirits (Rum) (*)

594

100 hl

15 kg NMVOC/hl

Foods

   
  • Bread

464 100 t

  • 8 kg NMVOC/t

  • Cookies

21

400 t

  • 1 kg NMVOC/t

  • Coffee roasting

 

20 500

0.55 kg NMVOC/t

  • Sugar

4 165 200 t

10 kg NMVOC/t

(*) The emission factor for the rum is based on the alcoholic content of the beverage (40% in this case). Take into account this fact and incorporate note in the documentation box in the

corresponding worksheet.

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SECTOR: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Exercise for self evaluation 1: GHG Emissions from different industrial processes (III)

RESULTS

PROCESS

EMISSION

Quicklime

61.73 Gg CO 2

Glass

  • 0.03 Gg NMVOC

Calcium Carbide

14.9 Gg CO 2

Alcoholic Beverages

  • 3.65 Gg NMVOC

Foods

  • 45.4 Gg NMVOC

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Thank you