INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATION PRESENTATION

BY SNEHA RAI GODHULI ROYCHOWDHARY VIBHU SEDDEY PRITISH KASHYAP

ON BALUCHARI SAREES FROM MURSHIDABAD WEST BENGAL .

HISTORY y The history of Baluchari sari dates back to the 18th century. when this sari was woven by the weavers of a small village named Baluchar in Murshidabad district of Bengal. a famous artist of India. y Before the British occupation of Bengal. the art of Baluchari sari weaving was patronized by the nawabs or rulers of Murshidabad. Baluchari sari weaving was revived by Subho Thakur. . during the British rule this art of Baluchari sari weaving declined. y However. y It was in the later half of the 20th century.

. y He invited weavers to reinvent the tradition of Baluchari sari weaving. y The center of modern Baluchari sari weaving shifted from Murshidabad to Bishnupur in Bankura district in West Bengal.Cont«. y Baluchari sari weaving is derived from the famous muslin of Bengal.

SPECIALITIES y The silk tradition of Baluchari. y A type of silk weaving called Baluchari silk evolved where artisans could weave exquisite stories from Indian mythology in silk. y Various mythological characters like Ram. Radha. and Krishna are intricately portrayed on it. which involves the use of human brocade figures that adorn the borders and pallu is noted for its intricate designs. . y One of the special characteristics of Baluchari is that the designs on the saris depict stories from Indian mythology. Sita.

the y y y y most artistic was the Baluchari. . even fourteen Nakshas were employed at a time and the whole process to complete a sari took as long as six months or more. It has been eulogized as the "loveliest and most charming of all silks of India". y Among the wide range of Murshidabad (Bengal) beautiful textiles. The weaving of a Baluchari fabric was an elaborate and complicated process involving as many a dozen of weavers manipulating the loom.Contd«. A remarkable feature of the Baluchari saris is the introduction of human figures in their contemporary costumes and modes. For richer patterns. Fantastic in their uniqueness they from to-day the prized antiques of art-hunters and precious heirlooms of many a Bengali home.

Images of Baluchari sarees .

Before fixing the threads on the loom the silk threads are washed in boiling water. After toiling for nearly five to six months we get those beautiful exquisite Baluchari saris.MAKING y Baluchari is woven with two varieties of silk threads one from y y y y y y Bangalore and the other from West Bengal. To make a single sari it takes a lot of effort for the artisans. . One of the silk types is set vertically and the other is set horizontally in the special looms. Then the threads are rolled on the spinning wheels. On the next day it is colored by dipping in hot colors.

. said the textiles and handicrafts of West Bengal have enormous potential as products that could be registered under the GI protection Act.Geographical indication registration y Kolkata. The Baluchari is unique in its design with silk-brocaded narrative figurative motifs.µ y GD Gautama. y According to K Rangrajan. ´the Baluchari sari occupies the top priority among the list of products eligible for GI Protection. principal secretary for micro & small-scale enterprises and textiles. inspired by Persian style. head of the Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT). Jul 26: The famed Baluchari silk sari of West Bengal is in the list of items for which the government will be seeking protection under the Geographical Indication Protection Act. and the Baluchari sari is one of the priority items. Hindu mythology with floral lotus buds (kalkas and kunjas) and is woven on traditional draw-boy-loom.

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