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How does the United

Nations Work?
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WWII Review

• What do you know about WWII
• What were the causes
• Who was involved
WWII
• Treaty of Versailles:
• WWI imposed harsh sanctions upon Germany, plunging Germany into a severe
recession
• gave rise to Nationalism
• This made Hitler very popular
• lead Germany out of its recession and into WWII
• Economic Depression:
• European States were plunged into a depression following WWI due to war damage
and instability
• US economic strength maintained the international economy, but after the US
Economy failed, a worldwide economic recession ensued causing strong nationalist
leaders like Adolf Hitler to gain power.
• Appeasement: European Leaders gave Hitler whatever he wanted in hopes of
preventing war.
• Nationalism: The belief in the superiority of one nation over another.
• Militarism:  The glorification of War, especially in the face of economic depression
• Anti-Communism: Most people feared communism, Hitler and other Fascists took
advantage of this fear to take control
• Isolationism: The United States did not participate in the League of Nations and did
not support European democracies against totalitarianism
• Self Determinism: A large trend throughout Europe following WWI was citizens on
the borders between countries holding votes on which country the wanted to join,
leaving the losing countries’ citizens angry/ disenfranchised
Who was a part of the League of Nations?
• As of April 11th 1938 Members are as follows:
• Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Canada, Chile,
China, Colombia, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, France,
Greece, Hungary, India, Liberia, Netherlands, New
Zealand, Norway, Panama, Persia, Peru Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Siam, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, South Africa,
United Kingdom, Uruguay Venezuela, Yugoslavia, Albania,
Austria, Bulgaria, Finland, Luxembourg, Estonia, Latvia,
Lithuania, Ethiopia, Ireland , Dominican Republic, Mexico,
Iraq, Turkey, Afghanistan, Ecuador, Union Of Soviet
Socialist Republics, Egypt
What countries did you notice were missing?

How might the lack of their involvement cause instability?
Failure of the League of Nations

• Focus on disarmament
• US did not join
• How did the US not joining lead
to the decline of the league

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ihw1
y7ylkLU
https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=FMEqTc-Rv7Y
United Nations Song
What do you know about the UN.
What is the UN

• The United Nations is an
international group of 196
countries (Member states).
• Funded by voluntary
contributions.
• Goals are peace and security
of the world.
How did it start?

• Started after World War II to prevent another
world war.
• Replaced the Ineffective League of Nations
• Began with 51 countries.
How does it Work?

United The UN is made up of
different bodies that each
Nations focus on different topics.
For example UNICEF
focuses on children CSW
focuses on women.
All represented
countries discuss the
problem from their
perspective.

The UN discuses and The UN writes the agreed
negotiates the topic upon solutions into a
to find a solution resolution stating both
that most if not all the problems and
bodies agree on. suggested solutions
Binding VS Non Binding

• When countries join the UN they agree to follow all binding
decisions.
• This means if something is non binding, they don’t have to do it,
and there will be no reprocussions
Parts of the UN

• General Assembly
• ECOSOC
• Security Council
• Trustee Council
• Court of Justice
• Secretariat
General Assembly

• All countries represented
• All countries get equal vote
• Decisions on important questions, such as those on peace and
security, admission of new members and budgetary matters, require
a two-thirds majority of the General Assembly.
• Decisions on other questions are by simple majority. 
• The General Assembly, each year, elects a GA President to serve a
one-year term of office.
• All Decisions are NON BINDING
Security Council
• Deals with peace and security
• All Decisions are BINDING
• 15 member states
• Everyone gets one vote
• Permanent members have VETO power
• 10 rotating members
• 5 permanent (The P5)
• US
• UK
• China
• France
• Russia
ECOSOC

• Central for all specialized committees (ie WHO, CSW)
• 54 Member states
• Serve 3 year terms
• Deals with Economic and Social Issues
• NON BINDING
How do you Represent a Country
Roleplay Your Country

• Even if your country’s views don’t align with your own still act like
your country.
• In conference you are not Morgan you are Lybia
• You also cannot outright disagree with a topic, this is a topic the
UN supports.
You have been assigned
Dinosaurtopia your topic is
painting the entire country
orange, but Dinosaurtopia
has banned the color
orange. What can you do?
Lets get a bit more serious…

• Your topic is freedom of speech.
• You are assigned Morocco
• Morocco does not believe free speech is
good for its country and frowns upon
protecting the media.
• How do you represent yourself?
• How can you avoid misrepresenting your
country with out saying free speech is
bad.
Simulation Today

• I Will assign you a country. Please remember it What are their beliefs on
war?
• Countries are:
• Germany (1)
• Japan (2)
• Italy (3)
• US (4)
• Russia (5)
• UK (6)
• France
• China
• Canada
• Austria
Due Monday

Prepare a 1 minute talk

Where your country is
How your country is run
Who your country's allies and enemies are
Also tell us two fun facts about your country
Country Assignments
• 1934, the German and Austrian governments maintained opposed
ideologies, as Chancellor Hitler desired to annex Austria
• 1936, the Austro-German Agreement was signed, with the hopes of
maintaining peace between the two nations.
• 1938, Nazi followers in Austria, on Wednesday 9th March 1938, Schuschnigg
announced referendum for Austrian people to decide on, a document
looking to peacefully integrate Austria , the Anschluss(Unification)
• Saturday 12th March 1938, German troops crossed the border without
resistance and controlled Austria.
Consitter

• Given the unopposed entrance of the German army and the amount of
Nazi members in Austria, can this event be judged as an invasion?
• What are the distinct effects of the situation in Europe’s economic,
political, social and cultural context?
• What immediate actions could resolve the present situation?
• If such actions failed, would your nation be ready to undergo belligerent
actions in order to defend their ideals?
• Should the stakeholders evaluate territorial changes to assure peace and
security to the region?
Germany

• Germany wanted to create a united German reich
• Defense against the invasion of Austria derived from protecting the German
people found within  Austria
• The idea of Unification proved to be popular between both countries
• Based on history, Austria showed to be predominantly German
Italy

• Used to be Allies of Austria, but signed the Rome-Berlin Axis
• Initially wanted the independence of Austria but gave up due to fear that
Germany would try to gain Italian territory
• However, Hitler assured Mussolini that Germany would refrain from taking
land from Italy
• Italy withdrew their forces from Austria
United States

• US recognized the Annexation, and stated they wanted to remain
neutral
• Avoid foreign entanglements as it reeled from the Depression
• Wanted to profit from the conflict
United Kingdom

• At the time the UK were handling their own political problems, but
caught word of Germany’s actions
• Current leader of the UK looked to appease Hitler
• Yet, the general population of the UK wanted to avoid another European
war, which seemed like a possibility due to Hitler’s actions
• Future Prime Minister Winston Churchill voiced great opposition against the
appeasement of Germany
Japan

• Supported actions of Germany invading Austria
• Would lead to the future eradication of Communism
Canada

• Did not want to get into another world war
• Wanted to appease hitler
France

• Political Turmoil
• No real government
• How could they find support through other countries
•Sit down facing
front with your
countries!!!!!!