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AIR CONDITIONING

TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN
TINGKAT XII SEMESTER 6
KOMPETENSI KEJURUAN
SK-KD 19TH

DIAGRAM ALUR PENCAPAIAN KOMPETENSI

OUTLINE OF CAR AIR
CONDITIONER

MAIN PARTS IN ENGINE
COMPARTMENT

MAIN PARTS IN PASSENGER COMPARTMENT SD0008 .

CONTROL PANEL .

TYPES OF CAR AIR CONDITIONER .

FRONT AIR CONDITIONER .

REAR AIR CONDITIONER (COOLER) .

Overhead Dual Air Conditioner .

Manual Air Conditioner B. Automatic Air Conditioner .CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO CONTROL SYSTEMS A.

PRINCIPLE OF COOLING Menguap .

EVAPORATION AND ABSURPTION OF HEAT .

THE CHANGE OF SHAPE .

PRINCIPLE OF AIR CONDITIONING EQUIPMENT .

PRINCIPLE OF AIR CONDITIONING EQUIPMENT .

1 80 oC 15 kg/cm2 kg/cm2 Comp. Expansion Valve Panas 50 oC 15 0oC 2.1 kg/cm2 kg/cm2 Panas Compressor Condenser Receiver BAGAIMANA MENGEMBUNKAN GAS R 134a MENJADI CAIRAN .A/C MOBIL PRINCIPLE EKSPANSI & PENGEMBUNAN PENGUAPAN REFRIGERANT 50 oC 15 kg/cm2 0 oC 2.

REFRIGERATION CYCLE .

AC CYCLE High-Temperature/High-Pressure Gas High-Temperature/High- Pressure Vapor Low-Temperature/Low-Pressure Liquid Low-Temperature/Low-Pressure Gas .

REFRIGERANT CHARACTERISTICS .

FUNDAMENTAL OF HEATING .

FUNDAMENTAL OF HEATING .

FUNDAMENTAL OF HEATING .

CAR AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEMS

OUTLET AIRFLOW CONTROL

FRESH/RECIRCULATED AIR INTAKE
CONTROL

FRESH/RECIRCULATED AIR INTAKE
CONTROL

PURIFICATION .

HUMIDITY CONTROL .

OUTLET AIR TEMPERATURE CONTROL Air Mix System .

OUTLET AIR TEMPERATURE CONTROL Reheat System .

AIR OUTLET CONTROL .

DAMPER TYPES .

DAMPER TYPES .

Problems with inadequate lubrication inside the compressor are the cause of excessive wear. Belt driven. . COMPRESSOR Responsible for pumping refrigerant through the air conditioning system and increasing the pressure of incoming refrigerant gases. contamination and the spread of particles throughout the A/C system. Located under the hood.

COMPRESSOR .

CRANKSHAFT TYPE COMPRESSOR .

CRANKSHAFT TYPE COMPRESSOR .

SWASH PLATE TYPE COMPRESSOR .

VARIABLE CAPACITY COMPRESSOR .

WOBBLE TYPE COMPRESSOR .

WOBLE PLATE TYPE COMPRESSOR .

SCROLL TYPE COMPRESSOR .

SCROLL TYPE COMPRESSOR Operation Principle .

THROUGH VANE TYPE COMPRESSOR .

THROUGH VANE TYPE COMPRESSOR .

SLIDING VANE TYPE COMPRESSOR .

SLIDING VANE TYPE COMPRESSOR .

THROUGH VANE TYPE COMPRESSOR .

THROUGH VANE TYPE COMPRESSOR Variable Operation .

VARIABLE CAPACITY COMPRESSOR .

EXTERNAL VARIABLE CAPACITY CONTROL .

MAGNETIC CLUTCH Tertarik Electromagnet Gaya tarik Switch Besi (I) Besi (II) Battery Pressure plate Pulley Stator Clutch rotor Stator coil Clutch stator Clutch pulley CLUTCH TIPE P .

Metal particles adhering to the internal walls are evidence of system-wide contamination.MANIFOLD Connects the suction and discharge lines to the compressor. .

Located in front of radiator.CONDENSER Heat exchanger responsible for changing refrigerant from a high-pressure gas state to a high-pressure liquid state through principles of condensation. The small passages inside the condenser are very susceptible to clogging from the particles that enter under high pressure. .

CONDENSER .

CONDENSER TYPE .

CONDENSER TYPE .

SUB-COOL CONDENSER .

SUB-COOL CONDENSER .

SUB-COOL CONDENSER .

SUB-COOL CONDENSER .

CONDENSER COOLING .

LIQUID LINE Moves the high-pressure liquid through the system. Particles frequently cling to the interior walls and catch other particles as they flow through. .

ORIFICE TUBE Responsible for regulating refrigerant flow to the evaporator and changing refrigerant pressure from high to low. . Located under the hood.

Due to the concentrations of particles that are trapped here. . the accumulator frequently requires replacement. filtering contaminants out of refrigerant and removing any moisture that is in system. Located under the hood.ACCUMULATOR Responsible for storing excess refrigerant not utilized by evaporator.

RECEIVER / DRYER UNTUK HFC 134a UNTUK CFC 12 In Sight Glass Receiver Tube Out • Desiccant dirubah Zeolite Silicagel Dryer Desiccant Melt Bolt (dihilangkan) Bolt Filter Melt Metal (Timah spesial) .

SIGHT GLASS .

EXPANSION VALVE .

EXPANSION VALVE (TIPE ZFC) TIPE INTERNAL EQUALIZING TIPE EXTERNAL EQUALIZING Diaphragm Capilary tube Diaphragm Capilary tube Equalizer pipe Tekanan Equalizer circuit Spring Tekanan Spring Valve Refrigerant inlet Refrigerant inlet Pipa evaporator Pipa evaporator Daerah uap jenuh Daerah uap jenuh Daerah panas lanjut (L) Daerah uap jenuh Daerah panas lanjut (L) Pf = Tekanan gas didalam sensing bulb. Cairan Ps = Gaya spring Gas Pe = Tekanan didalam evaporator CA41-25 .

REFRIGERANT VOLUME ADJUSTING .

BOX TYPE EXPANSION VALVE .

EXPANSION VALVE .

azmobileair.com/ Responsible for changing state of refrigerant from low-pressure liquid to low-pressure gas through principles of evaporation. Any particles that reach the evaporator tend to flow through. Located in the passenger compartment.EVAPORATOR http://www. In all but the most serious instances of system contamination. the evaporator is the one major component that does not need replacement. .

EVAPORATOR .

EVAPORATOR .

PIPING .

BLOWER CA41-38 .

BLOWER CONTROL .

EVAPORATOR SENSOR .

EVAPORATOR SENSOR .

EVAPORATOR PRESSURE REGULATOR ( EPR ) .

EVAPORATOR PRESSURE REGULATOR (EPR) (UNTUK CFC 12) CA41-28 .

EVAPORATOR PRESSURE REGULATOR ( EPR ) .

PRESSURE SWITCH .

PRESSURE SWITCH DUAL PRESSURE SWITCH Expansion valve ON Evaporator Receiver Condenser 2.3 26 Diaphragma OFF OFF Kontak point Terminal Terminal Spring CA41-30 .0 kg/cm2 32 kg/cm2 ON Compressor OFF Pressure 2.

TRIPLE PRESSURE SWITCH .

azmobileair.Bibliography: www.com Denso Motor .

Thanks very much to God and DENSO Presented by Nanang Nurdiyanto SMK Negeri 1 Magelang .