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Global Warming

A Global Issue!

Global Warming is the biggest issue facing the world today.

In the next exhibition I provide information to help you understand
that the planet has been warming, and the current warming of our
climate will bring major hardships and economic dislocations
untold human suffering, especially for our children and
grandchildren. We are already seeing significant costs from today's
global warming which is caused by greenhouse gas pollution. Let`s
do something
Once we all recognise we have a problem, there is a lot we can still
do to help the situation. Please do something and save our only
place to live: Our Planet!
The Greenhouse Effect on Earth
Water On Earth
Greenhouse Gases
Source of Water
The CO2 Cycle
Where Did O2 Come From?
Global Warming
The Greenhouse Effect on Earth

What is Greenhouse Effect?

The greenhouse effect is the heating

of the surface of a planet or moon due
to the presence of an atmosphere
containing gases that absorb and emit
infrared radiation. Thus, greenhouse
gases trap heat within the surface-
troposphere system. This mechanism
is fundamentally different from that of
an actual greenhouse, which works by
isolating warm air inside the structure
so that heat is not lost by convection.
Water On Earth
Some of the most likely contributing factors
to the origin of the Earth's oceans are
as follows:

The cooling of the primordial Earth to the

point where the outgassed volatile
components were held in an
atmosphere of sufficient pressure for the
stabilization and retention of liquid
Gradual leakage of water stored in hydrous
minerals of the Earth's rocks.
Photolysis: radiation can break down
chemical bonds on the surface.
Greenhouse Gases
The primary components of Earths atmosphere, N2 and
O2 do not have absorption in the IR wavelength range,
therefore, do not have a significant role in setting the
surface temperature of the planet
Greenhouse gas are efficient in absorbing IR light
The most important greenhouse gases are:
H2O Water vapor.
CO2 Carbon Dioxide
CH4 methane
The most abundant greenhouse gas in Earths
atmosphere is water vapor. Most of the greenhouse
heating of Earths atmosphere is due to Water vapor
absorption of IR radiation emitted by Earth, and then
transferring the energy to the surrounding air
Source of Water
The terrestrial planets were built from rock and planetesimals. No gases or water
can condense at the high temperature near the Sun. So, where did the water on
Earth come from?
The water on Earth (and other terrestrial worlds) most likely was brought over
by the comets during the period of heavy bombardment about 4 billion years
These water (and other gases) were trapped in the interior, and released by
volcanic activitiesby Outgassing

Mt. St Helen
eruption, 2004!
CO2 is a colorless gas
condenses into solid form (dry ice) at -78C in atmospheric
condenses into liquid at -57C at pressure above 5.1
atmospheric pressure.

Atmospheric CO2 is derived from (The sources)

Volcanic outgassing
burning of organic matter
Respiration of living organisms

CO2 can be stored in (The Sinks)
Highly soluble in water: forms H2CO3
Dissolved CO2 in water can interact with silicate minerals
to form carbonated minerals

The CO2 Cycle
The CO2 cycle acts as a thermostat that regulates the
temperature of the Earth
If Earth warms up a bit, then
carbonate minerals form in the oceans at a higher
The rate at which the oceans dissolve CO2 gas
increases, pulling CO2 out of the atmosphere.
The reduced atmospheric CO2 concentration leads
to a weakened greenhouse effect that counteracts
the initial warming and cools the planet back
If Earth cools a bit,
carbonate minerals form more slowly in the
The rate at which the oceans dissolve CO2 gas
decreases, allowing the CO2 released by volcanism
to build back up in the atmosphere.
The increased CO2 concentration strengthens the
greenhouse effect and warms the planet back up
Where Did O2 Come From?
The most important source of O2 on Earth is
Life and Photosynthesis.
Photosynthesis converts CO2 to O2, and
incorporates carbon into amino acids, proteins,
and other components of living organisms.
O2 will be depleted from the atmosphere very
rapidly without a source.
O2 is a very reactive chemical that likes to be
combined with other elements through
oxidation. For examples, CO2, H2O, FeO (rust)
Thats how we make fire!
O2 Absorbs UV, which also transform some of
the O2 into O3, which absorbs even more UV
O2 not only supports life, it also protect life!

UV light can break the water molecules to release

oxygen, but the contribution is small.
Global Warming
There is a gradual increase in
the average temperature of the
Earths atmosphere in the last
100 yearsIt has risen about
1C since 1900
Are human activities
causing global warming?
What other (non-human)
factors can cause global
How does global warming
affect our life?
Just watch the movies
It looks like most of the scientists agree that the global warming
observed in the last century were caused by human activity.
However, as we tried to demonstrate here, the global climate is a
very complicated system. We understand the basic principle of the
climate system, but we still dont understand how nature regulates
Earths climate over the long run, nor do we have the capability to
create a realistic climate model and be able to predict with any
certainty the effects of human activities on our climate system.

My advices
Keep an open mind.
Read, and think for yourself!
Do not rush into judgment (especially after you watch the movies).
Please trust the scientific community to come up with an honest
answerThere are enough check and balance in the scientific
community to weed out the bad theories
1- Explain what is Greenhouse Effect
2-Tell about the most important Greenhouse
3- Where did the water con Earth come from?
4- How the CO2 regulates the temperature of
the Earth?.
5- How we make fire?
6- Go tho this page and explain about the
Layer Ozone. Clic
7- Join your classmate and watch this video
and make you own conclusions. Clic
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Maria Dolly Giraldo Calle

Ambientes Tecnolgicos de Ingls