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Tripoli: The Trigger of Change

Nobles, the sky envies the earth for them,


Every city could not compete with Tripoli!
No king is to be feared, when they are on my side!
And no rival to me when they are my sword and my shield.
Al-Mutanabbi, Arabs Greatest Poet, Praising the city of Tripoli
and the knighthood and generosity of its people.

Tripoli - The State of Bani Ammar, 1070-1109


Habitation of the site of Tripoli goes back to at least the 14th
century B.C.
Around the 9th century B.C, it was home to a confederation of
the Phoenician city states of Sidon, Tyre and Arados Island.
Under the successors of Alexander the Great during the
Hellenistic period, and later with the Seleucids, Tripoli was used
as a naval shipyard.
Tripoli was destroyed with other Mediterranean coastal cities,
by an earthquake and tidal wave in 551.

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014


With the Islamic Umayyad Dynasty 661 Tripoli became a
commercial and shipbuilding center.

It achieved semi-independence 1070-1109 under the Fatimid


Shiaa Dynasty when it developed the largest library in the
region.

During the Crusaders' 180-year rule the city was the capital of
the "County of Tripoli".

Under the Mamluks (13th-14th century) and the ottomans


(1516-1918) Tripoli developed to a central city and a major
trading port between Syria and Europe .

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014


Borders from Jableh to Jounieh.

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014


Historical

The ottoman Eyalet:


Main Harbor on the Mediterranean
to internal Syria and beyond.

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014


In the 1830s Beirut started to develop again from
a small town to a capital. Europeans and
Americans helped the development of Beirut.

In 1857 Beirut-Damascus Road opened after end


of works.

In 1888-1920, Tripoli followed the Vilayet of


Beirut and then Greater LebanonAnd
disappointment in Tripoli about Joining Lebanon

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014


The Abu Ali river flooded in 1955

Unrest in the old city (1958 conflict-1973 Outlaw State-1970 Robin


Hood Movement: Ali and later his brother Khalil Akkawi)

1976: -Civil War

-IPC ceased pumping crude oil to Tripoli (35000

barrel/day) (thousands of quality Jobs were lost)

-Closure of the Majority of industries in the southern

suburb of Tripoli (thousands of Jobs)

1982 Syrio-Palastenian , Tebbaneh-Jabal, and Islamic Tawhidd Militia

By then the Majority of Christians has left the City


Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014
Share of shipments through Port
of Tripoli compared to Beirut Port

6.5%

Tripoli
93.5%
Beirut

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014


North
Lebanon
Lebanon Map Tripoli
Governorate

Capital Tripoli
2
Area 2,024.8 km
Population
807,204
2
Density 398/km

20.7% of the
Lebanese
population
Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014
Tripoli Km2 Population Density
Density of Metro Tripoli is estimated
City of Tripoli 14 192,572 13,755
at least by 12,500/Km
Alfayha 29.66 330,000 11,126
Statistics: between 14 and 41 Km
Metro 41 555,000 13,536
between 200,000 and 550,000

North Lebanon 2025 807,204 398


Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014
Add to the density:

North Lebanon:
Registered Syrian Refugees
273,621
(Lebanon 1,053,000)

UNHCR April-May 2014

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014


Palestinian Refugees in North
Lebanon
33,223 in Baddawi camp*
16,000 remaining in Bared

North Lebanon total: around 50,000

*Baddawi camp is directly next to Tripoli


17,500 registered in Baddawi
15,723 displaced from Bared to Baddawi Waiting for reconstruction
of Bared since 2007 Fateh El Islam war.
UNRWA website
Tripoli Socio
51% of residents live with less than 4$/day
11% overall illiteracy
65% of students go to public schools
73% with no medical insurance
10% of births happen at home
25% of families make less than 500$/month
Escwa 2012
Tebbaneh & Soueika

Old City

Abou Samra

Kobbeh Jabal Mohsen

Mina

Tripoli

Tal-Zihrieh

Basatin ElMina

Basatin Tarablos
City of Tripoli Yearly Municipal Budget:
(around $20 millions) (average 200,000 residents)

Around 100$/resident

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014


Employment Akkar Minieh-Dinnieh

Rate of Unemployment is 10.6% compared to


5.6% for Lebanon
14.1% Working women are 15.9% of Labor
Force
The rate of women economically active is 66%
compared to the Lebanese rate
CAS 2009

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014


The North has 20.7% of Lebanons population
but 46% of the extremely poor population
and 38% of the entire poor population

IPC UNDP 2008

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014


SMEs in North Lebanon
92% Less than 4 employees
6% Less than 10 employees
76% not registered
17000 compared to 73000 in Beirut
12-13% of Kafalat Loans
Lack of access to finance
Brain drain due to emigration and in-migration
Main Source of employment

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014


SME Government Policy

1.Simple procedures 5.Access to Markets

2.Education 6.Innovative companies

3.Improved skills 7.Business associations

4.Access to finance 8. Support Institutions

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014


Competitiveness Context for
Firm Strategy
and Rivalry

Factor (Input ) Demand


Conditions Conditions

Related and
Supporting
Industries

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014


Poorest
North Lebanon Areas in
2025 Km Lebanon

Residents in
Urban areas in
Tripoli Lebanon are 87%

67 km
Tripoli is no more
their capital

158 Km
Mount Lebanon
and Beirut

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014


Severe Centralization / Governance
High Density and Birth Rates
Poverty
Illiteracy Problems
Child Labor
Woman Youth marginalization
Refugees
Fundamental deculturalisation
Image - Investment Climate
Security
Sectarianism: Christians and Alawites
Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014
Strategy
Greater Tripoli
Unify and reorganize the master plan of the
Greater Tripoli Region: including green,
entertainment, industrial, and housing areas.
Develop a comprehensive plan to revive the
downtown of Tripoli.
Develop an urban rehabilitation program for the
deprived neighborhoods inside Tripoli, including
the touristic track in the old city.
Establish a Development Plan for the urban
coastal zone.

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014


Strategy
Infrastructure and Equipment for Competitiveness
Development of the harbor with a complementary
role to the Beirut Harbor
Improvement and exploitation of technological
information network (E1)
Tripoli Special Economic Zones:
-Klayaat (Akkar) Agro-food and Industrial facility
-Harbor: Car trade, dry-docks, industrial (mainly
recycling)
-Rachid Karame Fair: Technopole, ICT, Creative
industries, R&D, University

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014


Strategy
Southern North Lebanon
Invest in tourism: skiing, archeology, eco
Invest in agriculture and agro-food
Create linkages with Tripoli

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014


Strategy

Northern North Lebanon


Invest in Agriculture
Invest in ecotourism
Invest in Agro-food
Build a cluster of businesses around the Rene
Moawad Airpot and the special economic
zone in Akkar

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014


Strategy

Education
Strengthen technical schools and handcraft
professions based on the dual system
proposed by GIZ.

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014


Strategy
SMEs and Business Clusters
Develop Support Institutions for SMEs and
Entrepreneurs covering North Lebanon.
Sectorial planning and support: Agriculture,
agro-food, ICT, eco-tourism, tourism,
manufacturing, recycling, construction,
education, health.
Business and craft and professional
associations.
Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014
Strategy

Refugees??!!
In Camps??
Waiting for Godot? Lebanese ostrich strategy!
If not could we integrate them in Public and
Private value creation??!!

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014


WHO????
Central Government?

Local Government / Decentralization??

International Community?

Civil Society?

Mosques?

Tripoli an Environmental Scan and a Strategy, Fawaz Hamidi May, 2014

Related Interests