You are on page 1of 10

Bahan Kuliah

PRAKTIKUM PERANCANGAN ALAT PROSES

Case Study:
Vapor Compression Refrigeration System

Scope of Study:
Single stage refrigeration cycle.
Two stage refrigeration cycle.
Three stage refrigeration cycle.

HAFID ALWAN Bahan Kuliah


Smt VI 2015/2016 PRAKTIKUM PERANCANGAN ALAT PROSES
2 Case Study 03: Vapor Compression Refrigeration System

CS 03A : Single Stage Refrigeration Loop (1)


Single stage vapor compression refrigeration cycle using pure propane
as the refrigerant.
Problem 03A.1:
Assuming min. T =
7 C for the heat
transfer, determine
the operating press.
of the evaporator for
the target tempera-
ture range of -23C
to 0C.
Note: Use Hysys fea-
ture : stream attach-
ment prop. Table!

HAFID ALWAN Bahan Kuliah


Smt VI 2015/2016 PRAKTIKUM PERANCANGAN ALAT PROSES
3 Case Study 03: Vapor Compression Refrigeration System

CS 03A : Single Stage Refrigeration Loop (2)

HAFID ALWAN Bahan Kuliah


Smt VI 2015/2016 PRAKTIKUM PERANCANGAN ALAT PROSES
4 Case Study 03: Vapor Compression Refrigeration System

CS 03A : Single Stage Refrigeration Loop (3)


Problem 03A.2:
For the refrigeration load of 100 kW at evaporator temp of 20 C and
refrigerant condensing at 40 C, determine:
a. Refrig. Flow : . kgs/h.
b. Cond. Duty : . kW.
c. Comp. Duty : . kW.

HAFID ALWAN Bahan Kuliah


Smt VI 2015/2016 PRAKTIKUM PERANCANGAN ALAT PROSES
5 Case Study 03: Vapor Compression Refrigeration System

CS 03A : Single Stage Refrigeration Loop (4)


Problem 03A.3:
For the problem 03A.2, evaluate the effect of evaporating temperature in the
range of -20 C to 0 C at constant condensing temp of 40 C.

Problem 03A.4:
For the problem 03A.2, evaluate the effect of condensing temperature in the
range of 30 C to 45 C at constant evaporating temp of -20 C.

Problem 03A.5:
For the problem 03A.2, evaluate the effect of evaporating temperature in the
range of -20 C to 0 C and condensing temperature in the range of 30 C to
45 C.

Note:
Use Hysis feature for sensitivity analysis : Databook Case Studies.

HAFID ALWAN Bahan Kuliah


Smt VI 2015/2016 PRAKTIKUM PERANCANGAN ALAT PROSES
6 Case Study 03: Vapor Compression Refrigeration System

CS 03B : Two-stage Refrigeration Loop (1)


Two-stage vapor compression refrigeration cycle using pure propane as
the refrigerant.

HAFID ALWAN Bahan Kuliah


Smt VI 2015/2016 PRAKTIKUM PERANCANGAN ALAT PROSES
7 Case Study 03: Vapor Compression Refrigeration System

CS 03B : Two-stage Refrigeration Loop (2)


Problem 03B.1:
For the refrigeration load of 100 kW @ evaporator temp of 20 C and
refrigerant condensing @ 40 C, determine:
a. Refrig. Flow : . kgs/h.
b. Cond. Duty : . kW.
c. Comp-1 Duty : . kW.
d. Comp-2 Duty : . kW.
e. Total Duty : . kW.

Note:
The intermediate pressure is set such that both compressor stages
have the same pressure ratio.

HAFID ALWAN Bahan Kuliah


Smt VI 2015/2016 PRAKTIKUM PERANCANGAN ALAT PROSES
8 Case Study 03: Vapor Compression Refrigeration System

CS 03B : Two-stage Refrigeration Loop (3)


Problem 03B.2:
For the problem 01B.1, evaluate the effect of intermediate pressure in
the range of 3 to 13 bar to the following parameters :
a. Refrigeration Flow (kgs/h).
b. Condenser Duty (kW).
c. Compressor Stage-1 Power (kW).
d. Compressor Stage-2 Power (kW).
e. Compressor Total Power (kW).

Note:
1. Calculate the total power by summing up the stage-1 & stage-2 powers
using mixer unit operation.
2. Use Hysys Optimizer to determine the optimal intermediate pressure.

HAFID ALWAN Bahan Kuliah


Smt VI 2015/2016 PRAKTIKUM PERANCANGAN ALAT PROSES
9 Case Study 03: Vapor Compression Refrigeration System

CS 03B : Two-stage Refrigeration Loop (4)


Problem 03B.3:
As in problem 03B.1, determine:
Refrig. Flow : . kgs/h. Cond. Duty : . kW.
Comp-1 Duty : . kW. Comp-2 Duty : . kW.
If Evap-1 Duty = 100 kW and Evap-2 Duty = 50 kW.

HAFID ALWAN Bahan Kuliah


Smt VI 2015/2016 PRAKTIKUM PERANCANGAN ALAT PROSES
14 Case Study 03: Vapor Compression Refrigeration System

Closing Remarks
1. Apply this refrigeration cycle as the cooling utility for the LPG Plant.
2. Self-study:
Cascade refrigeration.
Absortive refrigeration.

______________________o0o______________________

HAFID ALWAN Bahan Kuliah


Smt VI 2015/2016 PRAKTIKUM PERANCANGAN ALAT PROSES