Huawei UMTS900M Refarming

Deployment Strategy and RNP

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Agenda
• UMTS900 Deployment Strategy
• Huawei Refarming Solution
• 2G Traffic Transfer Strategy
• GSM900 Frequency re-plan and performance
• Inter-RAT Operation Solution
• Antenna Solution
• UMTS Refarming Application

Why Refarming? Demands from Data Growth

Data services offset the Coverage • No 3G service in rural area
falls of voice revenue and Requirement • Coverage gap between 2.1GHz and 900MHz
becomes the key driver to
growth
• Voice ARPU falls in 4 countries Service • Poor or No data service in rural area
Requirement (inc. fixed data access)

Capacity
• 2.1GHz spectrum insufficient for 3G capacity
Requirement

• UMTS grows as GSM turns down
Cost
• TCO (UMTS 900MHz) << TCO (UMTS 2.1GHz)
Requirement

Evolution • partial 900MHz frequencies spared as GSM subscribers
Requirement moving to UMTS gradually

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 4

5~3 times larger than U2100  Radio planning U900 vs. 50% fewer sites with U900 than U2100 Cell Coverage Comparison HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. LTD. Better receiver sensitivity  Capacity planning: Co-site for higher capacity sharing. G900: Link budget +6-9dB. Huawei Confidential Page 5 . Cell Coverage of U90 0 2. U2100: about 6dB better link budget in U900.Refarming Get Better Network on Lower Cost  Radio planning U900 vs.

Huawei Confidential Page 6 .. LTD.Feasibility Analysis of UMTS900 Refarming Deployment Strategy and RNP Spectrum Technical Voice Cost Availability Feasibility Migration Affordability Challenges & Solution • Configurable Band •frequency allocation •Migration of existing • co-site width of UMTS carrier GSM traffic • co-antenna •GU adjacent •TFR Solution • co-cabinet •More Valuable frequency •Evolution from2G to • co-accessories spectrum left to GSM interference impact 3G • co-transmission retained •Inter-RAT Operation Industry Industry Maturity ( Product and terminal industry) Chain License Permission on UMTS900 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

VDF. Romania Deployment . Teliasonera.2MHz Bandwidth Enhancement • 1st to deploy Tighter Frequency Reuse HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. France . Huawei Confidential Page 7 . • 1st verify “Buffer Zone” theory • 1st test in-build U900 performance • 1st verify negligent impact to G900 Trial • Leader in commercialization .. Australia .Huawei. etc.Globe.Proximus. Finland Phase 2 . France . Bulgaria. Major Contributor to Refarming Industry • Pioneer for technical trials . LTD. etc. SFR. Thailand. AIS. • 1st Tighter Frequency Reuse • 1st Single-RAN refarming • 1st antenna sharing Phase 3 • 1st to deploy G/U SDR850MHz and SDR900MHz • 1st to deploy U900 on 4. Belguim Phase 1 .Orange. Optus.

Typical Deployment Strategy for Refarming

Extend 3G Coverage Improve 3G Coverage Initial 3G Roll-out
In in In
Sub-urban & Rural Urban area All areas

 No UMTS service coverage yet  Indoor coverage is not good  No 3G service yet anywhere
 voice traffic is low, easy to  Blind spots in dense urban  No 2.1Ghz spectrum
release frequencies for UMTS  Frequent handover between UMTS  Sufficient 900Mhz spectrum for networ
 Poor or No fixed broadband 2.1Ghz and GSM 900Mhz due to k-wide refarming
coverage quality difference

U900

U2100

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 8

Typical UMTS900 Deployment Scenarios

Extend 3G Coverage
in
Suburban & Rural

Network character
 No UMTS coverage yet
 low voice traffic, easy to release
frequencies for UMTS
 Poor or no data service

RNP Focus on
 Coverage Requirement
 Service Requirement
 Cost Requirement

• UMTS2100 for Urban coverage
• UMTS900 refarming for Suburban and Rural coverage

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 9

Typical UMTS900 Deployment Scenarios

Improve 3G Coverage
in
Urban
Urban area
area

Network character
 Indoor coverage not good
 Blind spots in Dense Urban
 Capacity supplementary for
UMTS 2.1GHz

RNP Focus on:
 Coverage Requirement
 Capacity Requirement

• UMTS2100 for Urban coverage
• UMTS900 refarming for urban coverage and capacity

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 10

1GHz spectrum  Sufficient 900MHz spectrum for network-wide refarming  RNP Focus on  Coverage Requirement  Cost Requirement • U2100 is mainly covered in the urban and core towns • Refarming the GSM900 all over the network HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 11 ..Typical UMTS900 Deployment Scenarios Initial 3G Roll-out in All All areas areas  Network character  No 3G service yet anywhere  No 2. LTD.

Agenda • UMTS900 Deployment Strategy • Huawei Refarming Solution • 2G Traffic Transfer Strategy • GSM900 Frequency re-plan and performance • Inter-RAT Operation Solution • Co-Antenna Solution • UMTS Refarming Application .

900.1800 and 1900MHz frequency  UU4.1MHz steps for both downlink and uplink  Efficiently suitable for 850.2M solution ( two adjacent 4. LTD.2MHz and 5MHz from RAN Release12.2M UMTS carriers ) is ready from SRAN releas3.8MHz solution can be designed for a network according to actual conditions.Flexible Huawei UMTS Refarming Solution  Configurable Bandwidth of UMTS carrier  Flexible Between 4.0 with 0. Huawei Confidential Page 13 .0  3.1700.. guard  More valuable spectrum left to GSM use UMTS GSM GSM HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

frequency gap (f1): 2. frequency gap (f2): 2.  Min.6MHz between UMTS900 and the GSM900 of neighbour operator  Sandwich frequency solution is preferred HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.2MHz separation  Min.. LTD.  Edge allocation solution  Edge allocation solution has lower frequency uti lization since the more frequency guard bandwi Edge frequency solution dth shall be reserved to avoid the risk.Flexible Huawei UMTS Refarming Solution  Sandwich frequency solution Sandwich frequency solution  Sandwich allocation flexibly puts U900 carrier i nto the proper spectrum location based on the UU solution and interference consideration with other operators. Huawei Confidential Page 14 .

LTD.2MHz for UMTS Tighter Frequency Reuse 16% Up to 44% less spectrum bandwidth less spectrum bandwidth needed for UMTS 1 2 needed for GSM Reuse of Legacies Refarming Sandwich & Buffer Zone  Guarantee better coverage 6 3  Maximize value of investment Solutions No Negative Impact to GSM 5 4 2G Traffic Transfer Strategy SingleRAN/ SDR  Coverage/Load/Service Intersyst  Easy to maintenance em Balance  Improve 2G/3G performance Reduce CS block rate  Improve data throughput HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..Huawei Refarming Solution highlights 4. Huawei Confidential Page 15 .

UMTS 900 Refarming RNP Procedure Start UMTS900 frequency allocation Strategy Refarming key points:  Interference Analysis among 2G capacity Migration and G900 UMTS900 & other Systems frequency re-plan  Capacity Analysis to meet both GSM & UMTS traffic requirement UMTS900 Dimension and Plan  GSM900 Frequency Planning Inter-RAT Operation design  Inter-RAT Operation Solution between GSM900 & UMTS900 GU antenna solution End HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. Huawei Confidential Page 16 . LTD.

Agenda • UMTS900 Deployment Strategy • Huawei Refarming Solution • 2G Traffic Transfer Strategy • GSM900 Frequency re-plan and performance • Inter-RAT Operation Solution • Antenna Solution • UMTS Refarming Application .

2G Traffic Transfer Procedure Y Reduce Reducethe the A: A>B A:Existing Existing A>B Configuration Configuration Configured Configuredcapacity capacity N User B: B:Traffic Userincreasing increasing Traffic prediction requirement requirement prediction 2G 2GTraffic Traffictransfer transfer Frequency Frequencybandwidth bandwidth G900->G1800 G900->U900 G900->U900 After G900->G1800 AfterRefarming Refarming Required RequiredFrequency Frequency reuse reuseDensity Density N Y Final Meet MeetRequired Required FinalG900 G900site site frequency configuration G900 G900TFR TFR frequencyreuse reuse configuration density density HUAWEI Confidential Page 18 .

 G900 and G1800 are deployed with Co-site  Migration Strategy  Active HR. Coverage edge handover  Load handover is performed according to the traffic HUAWEI Confidential Page 19 .2G traffic migration Strategy-1 ( G900->G1800)  Scenarios  GSM 1800M is available and continuously covered. raise its proportion configured up to 50%~70% GSM1800 GSM1800 GSM1800  Transfer traffic from G900 to G1800 by add site configuration depend on the required frequency reuse factor from 9~12  Increase 1800M sites co-sited with G900  Traffic sharing Strategy  Camp on G1800 and G900 randomly in the idle state. GSM 900M GSM 900M GSM 900M  GSM 1800M has rich frequency. Load balance handover  Allow intra-frequency better cell handover. Better cell handover UE prefers to make the cell selection to G1800.

 Transfer traffic from G900 to UMTS900 with the above preconditions.2G traffic migration Strategy-2 ( G900->U900)  Scenarios GSM 900M GSM 900M  U900 is continuously covered. GSM 900M  There is no 1800 spectrum  G900 and U900 are deployed with co-site  Migration Strategy  Active automatically the U900 service for all the existing 2G users  Dual-mode terminal and 3G rate policies appeal to the transferred 2G user  Voice traffic shared on UMTS900 shall be dimensioned. and the experience shall be good. UMTS 900M UMTS 900M UMTS 900M  Traffic sharing Strategy  Terminal camp on UMTS as long as it support G/U dual-mode  Dual-mode UE camp on GSM in no UMTS coverage area  Voice calls remain in individual RAT cells  PS service on dual-mode UE shall perform Cell Reselection or HO if it enter into UMTS coverage area Better cell handover Load balance handover Coverage edge handover HUAWEI Confidential Page 20 .

UMTS Voice Capacity Comparison U900 is also continuously covered. Suggested Strategy: U2100R99 F2 Force to camp on F1. +HSPA With service delaminating U900 F1 F1 R99+HSP A HUAWEI Confidential Page 21 . U2100 is NOT continuously covered.UMTS Dimension Consideration U2100 is continuously covered. Suggested Strategy: U900 R99 F2 F2 Randomly Camping +HSPA With loading Balancing U2100R9 F1 F1 9+HSPA U900 is continuously covered.

UMTS 900M UMTS 900M UMTS 900M  Migration Strategy  Active HR. raise its proportion configured up to 50%~70% to reduce the existing G900 configuration Better cell handover  Maintain the existing G900 configuration with the less Load balance handover frequency Coverage edge handover  The quality will deduce and Huawei TFR( tight frequency reuse) solution will slower the trend HUAWEI Confidential Page 22 .2G traffic migration Strategy-3 (G900 TFR)  Scenarios GSM 900M GSM 900M GSM 900M  There is no 1800 spectrum  The U900 service for the existing 2G users needs special application  2G user’s will to migration is very low for the tough Dual-mode terminal and 3G rate policies.

8MHz@900M( 63~86) S4/4/4 after reframing S4/3/3 S3/3/ BCCH layer : 63~76.00 1.00 S222 93.00% % % % % % /UISS+IBCA HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.00 1.00 2.55 1.70 0.80 96.35% 1.00% 96.. be S444 SD E-ICC : Spatial-Temporal Interference UL Rx call Assign ment Hand over assig SDC SDCC H TCH Site DL Rx Qaul n CH Blocki feature Qaul drop succe succ Block Cancellation Combining Type (0-4) (0-4) rate ss rate ess rate succ ess drop rate ing rate ng rate rate UISS : Um Interface Software Synchron DTX/PC/AM 94.00 97.50 97.8MHz Frequency Available study: Bandwidth :4.00 98.50% R % % % % % ization DTX/PC/AM 94.00 95.80% 1.00 95. Huawei Confidential Page 23 . HR 50%.50% 91. Site Configuration shall  TFO  AMR  AMR tech.70 94. LTD. TCH S2/2/2 2 layer:77~86 Industry FR LOAD 50% FR LOAD 70% FR LOAD 90%  IBCA  Enhanced ICC AMR penetration:90% Anti.50% 0.50% 1.00% IBCA : Interference Based Channel All /UISS+IBCA % % % % % ocation S444 DTX/PC/AM R /EICC/TFO 90.Tighter Frequency Reuse solution for G900 capacity Huawei TFR solution Case 4.  DTX  UISS (w/o GPS)  Enhanced UISS  Capacity target:: traffic increase Interference  Power control  ICC/EICC  IBCA 10%.20% 0.40% 1.20 93.15 S332 R /EICC/TFO 93.50% 1.

Agenda • UMTS900 Deployment Strategy • Huawei Refarming Solution • 2G Traffic Transfer Strategy • GSM900 Frequency re-plan and performance • Inter-RAT Operation Solution • Antenna Solution • UMTS Refarming Application .

LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 25 ..Interference Type Between GSM and UMTS How to calculated the interference ACIR represents the interference between GSM900 and UMTS900 Main interference introduce UMTS NodeB to GSM UE interference GSM UE to UMTS NodeB interference UMTS UE to GSM BTS interference GSM BTS to UMTS UE interference How to minimize the interference Carrier separation minimize interference caused by adjacent carrier between GSM900 and UMTS900. Isolation distance minimize interference caused by same frequency between GSM900 and UMTS900. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

38% 0.00% 0.00% 2.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.86% 1.2MHz 4x3 frequency reuse for BCCHs.39% 1.04% 0.00% 0.52% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.28% 1.00% 0.00% 2.52% 0.01% 3.00% 0.46% 0.00% 0.00% 0.) Throughput Loss Loss (Cell Radius) Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural 2.2MHz 0.00% 0.2MHz 0.4MHz 0.6MHz 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 2.04% 0.00% 0.48% 0.43% 0.16% 0.00% 0.86% 0.02% 0.83% 0.05% 0.13% 0.00% 0. and 4x3 for TCHs GU Frequency GSM Voice Call Drop EDGE DL Throughput UMTS HSDPA UMTS DL R99 Capacity UMTS HSUPA UMTS UL Coverage Loss Gap increase Loss Throughput Loss Loss (voice Sub.21% 0.00% 0.68% 5.02% 0.14% 0.00% HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.) Throughput Loss (Cell Radius) Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural 2.66% 2.29% 0.48% 1.4MHz 0.80% 2.00% 4x3 frequency reuse for BCCHs..00% 0.00% 0.15% 0.00% 0.00% 0. and 1x3 for TCHs GU Frequency GSM Voice Call Drop EDGE DL Throughput UMTS HSDPA UMTS DL R99 Capacity UMTS HSUPA UMTS UL Coverage Gap increase Loss Throughput Loss Loss (voice Sub.00% 0.04% 0.63% 0.00% 0.00% 0.21% 0.00% 0.43% 0.6MHz 0.79% 2.63% 0.89% 2.00% 0.2MHz GU900 Co-Site Urban: ISD=750m Rural: ISD=7500m GSM UMTS GSM 4. Huawei Confidential Page 26 .00% 0.89% 0.GU Network Level Performance loss from GU adjacent frequency 2.13% 0.

6MHz 0.22% 0.00% 4.68% 6.62% 4.00% 0.49% 0.2MHz 0.00% 2.00% 0..85% 5.10% 0.50% 1.70% 3.64% HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.00% 0.Cell Level Performance loss from GU adjacent frequency 2. LTD.2MHz GU900 Co-Site Urban: ISD=750m Rural: ISD=7500m GSM UMTS GSM 4.00% 0.32% 0.84% 6.2MHz The worst performance of worst cells are shown as follows: GU Frequency GSM Voice Call Drop EDGE DL Throughput UMTS HSDPA UMTS DL R99 UMTS HSUPA UMTS UL Coverage Gap increase Loss Throughput Loss Capacity Loss (voice Throughput Loss Loss (Cell Radius) Sub.31% 2.71% 5.00% 0.00% 0.89% 0.76% 0.86% 4.90% 0.00% 0.65% 0.) Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural 2.69% 2.00% 0.00% 0.38% 0.4MHz 0.09% 0.58% 2.65% 7.00% 0. Huawei Confidential Page 27 .00% 0.

Huawei Confidential Page 28 .6MHz frequency guard bandwidth between BCCH and UMTS is recommended.. LTD. nderlay of Concentric Cell Overlay Underlay HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Adjacent frequencies plan consideration for G900  2. DTX & power control  PDCH assign to adjacent carriers enabled for TCH in adjacent carriers adjacent channels GSM carrier …… x y……  Both adjacent frequencies in the sandwich  Adjacent carrier will be assigned to the U schedule shall be not assigned in a cell.  Frequency hopping.

. Spectrum allocation RF optimization or obstructed topography will deduce the size of buffer zone The co-frequency interference signal received in the A or C shall below -110dBm HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. C GSM900 UMTS900 GSM900 Proposal for buffer zone plan: Buffer zone distance is commonly 2~3 layer sites or the distance of twice cell diameter. but in different regions A GSM sites A area is corresponding to GSM coverage. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 29 . GSM900 B area is the frequency isolation B Buffer zone area. the frequencies of G900 is different from both A and C area GSM900 GSM900 UMTS sites C area is corresponding to UMTS coverage.Buffer Zone: GU co-frequency interference guard  HUAWEI buffer zone solution to solve the interference when UMTS900 sites and GSM900 sites are assigned the same frequency .

Australia •Buffer zone locates at the edge of urban area UMTS900 Cell0 • ISD: 5. Huawei Confidential Page 30 ..2 3.2 No Buffer Zone about 3dB HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.1 RTWP Rise (dB) UE Interference Rise (dB) dB Buffer Zone (one site) 0.5km Buffer Zone GSM900 (Cell 2) GSM900 Cell2 GSM900 (Cell 1) GSM900(Cell 1) GSM900 Cell1 GSM900 GSM900 UMTS900 (Cell 0) Achievement for Buffer Zone UE -> Node B Impact Node B -> UE Impact • UL interference reduces 2.1 0.3 • DL interference reduces 2.Buffer Zone Case Study Basic Info CASE: Optus.

Buffer zone Impact to Performance of GU sites  GSM MS C/I distribution compare  UMTS UE Ec/Io distribution compare  GSM topology mode:4X3. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD..  UMTS cell radius: 4Km.  GSM topology mode:4X3. G900 Sites U900 Sites One layer Isolation zone  The impact between Base Station and UE can be ignored with 2~3 layer isolation zone. Huawei Confidential Page 31 .

. Huawei Confidential Page 32 .Case Study: 10MHz Spectrum for Refarming Example: Spectrum Assignment in 900MHz V Operator Operator C Operator B 10MHz ? How to perform GSM and UMTS refarming? HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.

6MHz 4. Huawei Confidential Page 33 . LTD.6MHz bandwidth allocated for UMTS900 5.. UMTS GSM HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. No interference to neighboring operators.Case Study: Assignment of GSM TRX and UMTS Carrier V operator Operator C Operator B 10MHz 4.4MHz spectrum available for GSM900 Sandwich Solution recommended.

CH2. 2 CHs min. i. 1 CH min.  2 CHs (1 TCH + 1 guard CH) between UMTS of V operator and BCCH of Operator B. MA={CH1.  2 CHs (1 TCH + 1 guard CH) between BCCH of V operator and UMTS900 of Operator C.e. 2 CHs  Minimum 1 CH (200kHz) between UMTS900 and BCCH.Case Study: Frequency Planning for VF Italy Operator C 50 channels Operator B V operator 1 channel 10 channels 23 channels 1 channel 15 channels TCH BCCH TCH UMTS900 TCH U900 BCCH min.. …. Huawei Confidential Page 34 . 15 channels for BCCH. CH12}. Frequency Planning: 1+2+2+SFH HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. 1 SFH group for all TCH. LTD. CH3.  GSM frequency planning: SFH to spread the interference in the network.

Agenda • UMTS900 Deployment Strategy • Huawei Refarming Solution • 2G Traffic Transfer Strategy • GSM900 Frequency re-plan and performance • Inter-RAT Operation Solution • Antenna Solution • UMTS Refarming Application .

.Inter-RAT Operation Strategy 1 --U900 for Rural coverage and U2100 for Urban coverage  UMTS2100-UMTS900 inter-freq  UMTS2100 intra-freq soft  Coverage zone HSPA hard handover handover /R99  UMTS900 intra-freq soft handover UMTS2100 UMTS900 GSM900 GSM900  UMTS900/GSM inter-RAT handover Suburban & rural Urban Hot Spot & Dense Urban HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 36 . LTD.

Inter-RAT Operation Strategy 2 --U900 for continuous coverage and U2100 for hot area capacity expansion UMTS UMTS 900 900 UMTS UMTS  Uni-directional blind Handover UMTS 2100 2100 UMTS from UMTS 2100 cell to 900 UMTS 900 UMTS UMTS900 cell based on load  Users camp on UMTS 2100 layer UMTS 900 900 to establish R99 + HSDPA servic 900 UMTS es 2100 UMTS 2100 Cell •The first phase of UMTS900 deployment wil  Uni-directional Handover from l be mainly for coverage continuity and U UMTS 2100 cell to UMTS900 cell MTS2100 absorb load in hot spot areas. LTD. based on coverage UMTS 900 Cell UMTS 900 UMTS 900 Cell Cell  Uni-directional blind Handover • All UMTS layers provide R99+HSPA serv  Continuous UMTS layer for ice from UMTS 900 cell to GSM900 coverage • Users camp on 2100 layer when availabl cell based on load e • According to the cell load the call wi GSM Cell GSM Cell GSM Cell ll be established in 2100 layer or re- directed to 900 layer.. Huawei Confidential Page 37 . HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

. LTD.Mobility Management: Roaming strategy between GSM and UMTS 3G subscribers configured to camp on 3G subscribers configured to camp on WCDMA network with the higher priority by WCDMA network with the higher priority by choosing the UTRAN ACCESS choosing the UTRAN ACCESS UMTSGSM GSMUMTS TECHNOLOGY in the USIM file TECHNOLOGY in the USIM file cell reselection PLMN or cell reselection WCDMA WCDMA GSM  Cell reselection from UMTS to GSM networks  via Inter-system Cell Reselection : No upgrade for GSM networks  Cell reselection from GSM to UMTS networks  via Inter-system Cell Reselection: GSM BSS need to be upgraded to support SI2quater  via PLMN/Access Technology Reselection: No upgrade for GSM networks HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 38 .

. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 39 .  Bidirectional handover between UMTS and GSM by cell reselection is proposed for PS services Note: No upgrade of GSM network for handover from 3G to 2G HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Cell Reselection to CS Handover to 2G 3G mode call Services Service begins… Packet Services Cell Reselection or cell Cell Reselection Cell Reselection Change Order to GPRS to GPRS UMTS cell to UMTS GSM/GPRS cell  Unidirectional handover from UMTS to GSM is proposed for CS services.Mobility Management: Inter-RAT handover between GSM and UMTS Camping on UMTS in idle Staying in 2G during the Call ends.

Summary for GU Mobility Startegy Idle Mode RRC setup RAB setup Connected SHO UMTS2100 RRC DRD RRC R-Dir RAB DRD IFHO LDR DRD to GSM Cell Re-selection RRC R-Dir RAB DRD Inter-RAT HO LDR UMTS900 SHO GSM Full flexibility for Traffic Management HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 40 ..

Agenda • UMTS900 Deployment Strategy • Huawei Refarming Solution • 2G Traffic Transfer Strategy • GSM900 Frequency re-plan and performance • Inter-RAT Operation Solution • Antenna Solution • UMTS Refarming Application .

.Contents of Antenna Solution Case 1: Antenna Solution with Huawei SDR Product One Antenna is needed to support GSM and UMTS simultaneously. Huawei Confidential Page 42 . LTD. Case 2: Sharing Existing GSM900 Antenna Co-antenna with SASU Co-antenna with 3dB combiner Case 3: Independent Antenna for U900 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.  The specifications of RRU3908 are fully Compliant with ETSI..Case 1: Huawei SDR Product RRU3908 RRU3908 Solution (1 RRU = GSM900 + UMTS900 modes) now GSM900 GU900 UMTS 900 UMTS900 Rollout Switch on GSM900 RRU3908 SDR swap Add UMTS Card BBU3900 BBU3900 GSM900 G+U 900 GSM900 Modernization UMTS900 Switch on With SDR Module  Multi mode (GSM/UMTS) supported simultaneously in one module. Huawei Confidential Page 43 .

Huawei Confidential Page 44 . 2*80W output power in one MRFU module  Software upgrade to UMTS900  6 Carriers for GSM only.Case 1: Huawei SDR Product MRFU MRFU Solution (1 MRFU = GSM900 + UMTS900 mode) now GSM900 GU900 UMTS 900 UMTS900 Rollout Switch on GSM900 BTS3900 U U U G G G New-add: 3G M M M / / / M M M T T T R R R 900M + 2G U U U S S S swap F F F 900M U U U Add MRFU modules Existing: 3G 2100M GSM900 G+U 900 GSM900 Modernization UMTS900 Switch on With SDR Module  Max.. LTD. UMTS 2C + GSM 1~4C HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. 4 Carriers for UMTS only  For dual mode: UMTS 1C + GSM 1~5C.

Case 1: Huawei SDR Product MRFU MRFU Solution (1 MRFU = GSM900 or UMTS900 mode) S R now GSM900 g M GU900 r t in po up UMTS 900 UMTS900 Rollout GSM900 BTS3900 ot s Switch on s n tr ie n M M M M M M M M M swap ou R R R R R R R R R nc F F F F F F F F F U U U U U U U U U Add MRFU modules pe a E uro m e o Fo rS GSM900 G+U 900 GSM900 Modernization UMTS900 Switch on With SDR Module  Max. 2*80W output power in one MRFU module  Software upgrade to UMTS900  8 Carriers for GSM only.. 8 Carriers for UMTS only HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 45 . LTD.

Case 1: Antenna solution with Huawei SDR Product 900MHz antenna 1 Separate Antenna Solution difficult easy Separate tilt & azimuth tuning for network optimization High cost for adding new antennas & feeders Optimization Slow deployment for additional engineering Engineering No change for antenna and feeder system 2 Co-feeder. co-antenna Solution Fast deployment for easy engineering Low cost for sharing the legacy devices High difficulty for network optimization GSM900 GSM900 + difficult easy UMTS900 UMTS900 M M M M M M R R R R R R  Multi mode (GSM/UMTS) supported F F F F F F U U U U U U GSM900 GSM900 ++ UMTS900 simultaneously in one module. UMTS900 Only one antenna is needed to support GSM and UMTS.. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 46 . BTS3900 DBS3900 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

LTD.Case 2 : Sharing Existing GSM900 Antenna GSM TX UMTS TX GSM TX UMTS TX GSM&UMTS GSM&UMTS RXD GSM&UMTS RXM GSM&UMTS RXD RXM SASU 3dB 3dB SASA TX/RXM TX/RXM RXD TX/RXD GSM900 GSM900 UMTS900 UMTS900 Co-antenna with Co-antenna with SASU and SASA 3dB combiner HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 47 ..

 6-port unit for antenna & feeder. 1 Tx port for GSM & UMTS respectively SASU Advantage:  No extra loss in the uplink  Maximum 0..6dB insertion loss in the downlink  No impact on frequency planning for GSM & UMTS HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.SASU: Same band Antenna Sharing Unit Install on the wall Install on the pole SASU Characteristic: Solution for the shared antenna between GSM and UMTS system or betwe en two UMTS systems on the same band. Huawei Confidential Page 48 . LTD.

. Huawei Confidential Page 49 .6dB insertion loss in the downlink sharing between GSM900 and UMTS900  No impact on frequency planning for GSM & UMTS  1 Tx port for GSM & UMTS respectively HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Huawei SASU for GU900 Co-antenna Solution SASU (Same band Antenna Sharing Unit) Install on the pole Install on the wall  SASU Advantages  SASU Characteristic  No extra loss in the uplink  6-port unit for antenna & feeder  Maximum 0. LTD.

No affecting the performance of the existing GSM network. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 50 .SASA: Same band Antenna Sharing Adapter Principles of the SASA SASA: Combine the TX carriers on two antennas into the carriers on one antenna.. GSM_M GSM_D HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

6 dB loss on DL BTS Node B  Support RET function (with 10dB Gain) HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.SASU Solution Helps to Retain GSM Coverage Best Co-Antenna Solution for Overlap Mode Traditional Combiner SASU Solution Disadvantage of Combiner New sites needed to retain existing GSM coverage  3dB insertion loss (DL/UL) antenna antenna  30% coverage reduced  Not support RET Cable attenuator Cable attenuator Advantage of SASU (SASU: Same Antenna Sharing Unit) combiner combiner SASU Negligible Impacts to GSM  negligible loss on UL G900 U900 G900 U900 BTS Node B  < 0.. Huawei Confidential Page 51 . LTD.

. Huawei Confidential Page 52 . LTD.Case 3: Independent Antenna for U900 In case of high configuration. 2 independent antennas can be used. GSM900 UMTS900 Independent antenna HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

LTD.Disadvantage of Independent Antenna U900&G900 Additional equipment cost Limitation of evolution •New antenna • lack of installation space for LTE/SAE •New pole evolution •New feeder •New TMA Sites renegotiation Slow the pace of site deployment •New antenna and pole Additional • Longer time to market Cost Additional installation cost Additional maintenance cost •New antenna •New antenna •New pole •New feeder HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 53 ..

with GU mRRU/mRFU independently. 1) 3G and 2G system can not adjust the down tilt angle and Save the installation space and cost for Co-antenna with SASU azimuth independently. Huawei Confidential Page 54 . 1) 3G and 2G system can not adjust the down tilt angle and Co-antenna with 3dB Save the installation space and cost for azimuth independently. Co-antenna 3G and 2G system can not adjust the down tilt angle and azimuth 2) No insertion loss. antenna and feeder 2) downlink increase less than 0.. combiner antenna and feeder 2) downlink increase more than 3 dB loss. 3) Easy RF tuning for 2G/3G co-coverage objectives. 1) save the space and cost of antennas and feeders.6dB loss.Antenna Solution Summary Solution Advantages Disadvantages Easy to implement RF optimization Independent antenna much additional cost needed respectively. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.

Agenda • UMTS900 Deployment Strategy • Huawei Refarming Solution • 2G Traffic Transfer Strategy • GSM900 Frequency re-plan and performance • Inter-RAT Operation Solution • Co-Antenna Solution • UMTS Refarming Application .

8MHz (512-525.0 MRRU for G90 0/G1800&U900  Sandwich allocation. 23. total 45 Sites  Bandwidth : 9. 647-751)@ 1800MHz  UMTS900 Refarming : 1 U900 carrier  Refarming Solution 2.111~124.8MHz(76-124) @900M. U900:90~110 GSM89 UMTS 110 GSM  Traffic migration :GSM900-> GSM1800M 4.2MHz HUAWEI Confidential Page 56 .4MHz for UMTS  G900:76~89. 4.2MHz of total 12.Refarming Solution case study – S Operator  Network Information for Refarming  Scenario :Suburban& Rural  G900 and G1800 and U2100 .2MHz  Swap and Refarming with Single RAN3.

HUAWEI Confidential Page 57 .111).Huawei frequency Refarming  Frequency re-plan area shall be separated in URBAN to refarming area.2Mhz Channels: 76 . while TCH of separ ate G900 site can use them. buffer zone & RF optimizat Channels: 64-124 ion zone.  G900 cell BCCH shall has a frequency guard Area to refarm : 4.6MHz with UMTS channel.124 over 2. available r ange is 76 ~ 87 and 113 ~ 124 , TCH of G Zone de garde: Replan in 10Mhz 900 Co-sited with U900 shall not use the adja Channels: 76 .124 cent frequenies(89.89 and 111 .

Buffer Zone Frequency Planning Sites in Refarming zone Sites in buffer zone Sites in RF optimization zone HUAWEI Confidential Page 58 .

bidirectional reselection between GSM and UMTS In connection state. U900 Adjacent cells:G900. HUAWEI Confidential Page 59 . U2100 F2. handover from UMTS to GSM. G900(no co-site) Mobile strategy In idle state. U900(GU co-site). but not allowed from GSM to UMTS.U2100 F0 U2100 F0 Adjacent cells: U2100 F1.Inter-RAT Operation Solution in Refarming Area Adjacent cell relationship  G900 Adjacent cells: D1800.U2100 F0(no co-site). U900(co-site)..

U900(GU co-site).or F2 overlapped coverage area. UE camp on UMTS2100 F0 as preference.U2100 F0(no co-site). G900(no co-site) Mobile strategy In idle state. Bidirectional handover based on coverage from UMTS2100 to UMTS900 is recommended In only U2100 F0. and such service accessing to F0 will DRD to F1.F2. HUAWEI Confidential Page 60 .  U2100 F1 and F2 have higher priority for HSPA service than U2100 F0. U2100 F0 U2100 F0 Adjacent cells: U2100 F1.Intra-UMTS Multi. U900 Adjacent cells:G900.carrier Solution Adjacent cell relationship  G900 Adjacent cells: D1800. U900(co-site). bidirectional reselection between U900 and U2100.F1. U2100 F2 ( overlapped coverage cell ).

Refarming HUAWEI Confidential Page 61 .Swap and Refarming flow .

Swap and Refarming flow .Swapping HUAWEI Confidential Page 62 .

Swapping HUAWEI Confidential Page 63 .Swap and Refarming flow .

GSM CS HUAWEI Confidential Page 64 .Performance Overview.

GSM PS HUAWEI Confidential Page 65 .Performance Overview.

Performance Overview.GSM PS HUAWEI Confidential Page 66 .

Performance Overview.GSM PS HUAWEI Confidential Page 67 .

com HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.06. LTD.huawei. .com www.huawei.April 2006 Thank You www..