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Solid Mensurations Lectures (Formulas and Problems)

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Pyramids

Volume of a h

Pyramid

1

=

3 B = base

Example

A pyramid has a pentagonal base having one

of its sides equal to 6 cm. If the altitude is

12 cm.

(a)Compute the volume of the pyramid.

(b)Compute the lateral area of the pyramid.

(c)Compute the total surface area of the

pyramid.

Frustum of a Pyramid

Volume of Frustum of a

Pyramid.

b

h

1

= ( + + )

3

B

Example

The volume of a frustum of a pyramid is 140 cu. m. It

has a rectangular upper base of 3 m 4 m and

altitude of 5 m.

(a)Determine the dimensions of the lower base.

(b)Determine the lateral area of the frustum of a

pyramid.

(c)Determine the total surface area of the frustum of a

pyramid.

Cone

Volume of Cone.

1 3

= L h

3

Lateral area of Cone.

. . =

Where:

2 2 2

= +

r

Example

A closed conical tank has a diameter of 2 m at the top and

height of 6 m. It contains water at a depth of 4 m.

(a) What is the volume of the water inside the conical tank.

(b) What is the weight of the water in quintals if it has a mass

density of 1000 kg/m3.

(c) If the conical tank is inverted such that the base will be at

the bottom, determine the depth of water at this point.

Frustum of a Cone r

Volume of Frustum of a

circular Cone.

1 2

= ( + + ) 2 L h

3

Lateral area of a

Frustum of a Cone.

. . = ( + )

R

Example

The volume of a frustum of a cone is 1176 m3. If the

radius of the lower base is 10 m and the altitude is 18

m.

(a)Compute the radius of the upper base.

(b)Determine the lateral area of the frustum of a cone.

(c)Compute the total surface area of the frustum of the

cone.

Prism

Volume of

Prisms and

Cylinders. h h

B B

=

Prism

Truncated Prism.

= ( )

Truncated Cylinder. h2 h3

+ h1 h4

2

= (

1 2

) h 1 h2

2

Truncated Rectagular Prism. B

1 + 2 +3 +4 B

= ( )

4

Prismatoid

A2

Volume of Prismatoid.

1 h/2

= (1 + 4 + 2 ) Am

6

Am = Area of the midsection h

A1 = Cross sectional area at section 1

h/2

A2 = Cross sectional area at section 2 A1

Example

A cylindrical tank 12 m long has a diameter of 4 m. It is placed at an

angle of 18 24 with the horizontal longitudinally. The tank is filled up

with gasoline.

(a) If the filler opening is found at the top of the center of the tank,

determine the maximum capacity of the tank.

(b) If the tank is placed horizontally, determine the depth of the

gasoline in the tank.

(c) If the tank is placed vertically, determine the depth of the gasoline

in the tank.

Cube

Volume of Cube.

= 3

Surface Area.

. . = 62

Radius of Sphere Circumsribing a

Cube.

3

=

2

Example

A cubical box has one of its edge equal to 4 cm.

(a) Find the radius of the sphere that encloses the cubical

box so that the corners of the box touches the sphere.

(b) What is the volume between the cubical box and the

sphere?

(c) Pass a plane to the cube so that the section form would

be a regular hexagon whose vertices are the mid point of

the sides of the cube. Find the area of the hexagon.

5 Regular Polyhedrons

Tetrahedron

Faces Triangle

No. of faces 4

No. of edges 6

No. of vertices 4

Polygon angle 60

Sum of angles 180

Radius of circumscribing 6

sphere 4

Radius of inscribed 6

sphere 12

Total area 2 3

Volume 1 3

2

12

5 Regular Polyhedrons

Hexahedron

Faces Square

No. of faces 6

No. of edges 12

No. of vertices 8

Polygon angle 90

Sum of angles 270

Radius of circumscribing 3

sphere 2

Radius of inscribed

sphere 2

Total area 62

Volume 3

5 Regular Polyhedrons

Octahedron

Faces Triangle

No. of faces 8

No. of edges 12

No. of vertices 6

Polygon angle 60

Sum of angles 240

Radius of circumscribing 2

sphere 2

Radius of inscribed 6

sphere 6

Total area 22 3

Volume 1 3

2

3

5 Regular Polyhedrons

Dodecahedron

Faces Pentagon

No. of faces 12

No. of edges 30

No. of vertices 20

Polygon angle 108

Sum of angles 324

Radius of circumscribing sphere 3(1 + 5)

4

Radius of inscribed sphere

50 + 22 5

4 5

Total area

3+ 5

152

5 5

Volume 53 3

5 Regular Polyhedrons

Icosahedron

Faces Triangle

No. of faces 20

No. of edges 30

No. of vertices 12

Polygon angle 60

Sum of angles 300

Radius of circumscribing

sphere 2(5 + 5)

4

Radius of inscribed

sphere 7+3 5

2 6

Total area 5 2 3

Volume 5 3

(3 + 5)

12

Example

A regular tetrahedron has one of each side equal

to 20 cm.

(a)Compute the surface area of the tetrahedron.

(b)Compute the volume of the tetrahedron.

(c)Compute the volume of sphere inscribed in the

regular tetrahedron.

Plates (A4)

flowerpot are 10 inches ans 7 inches and

slant height of 9 in. How many cubic of

soil does it contain when it is completely

filled?

(Ans: 508.79 in3)

Plates (A4)

circular cone of altitude 7 ft and slant

height 25 ft. What is the weight of the

3

sand, if its density is 100 lb/ft .

(Ans: 422,230 lbs)

Plates (A4)

internal diameter of 50 cm. If the pipe

has 10 cm thick, find the volue of metal

in the pipe.

(Ans: 1,885,000 cm3)

Plates (A4)

of its diameter. If the tank volume is 200

3

m , find the tank height.

(Ans: 8.30 m)

Plates (A4)

cut from a log that has a radius of 20 cm.

(Ans: 22,627.417 cm )3

Plates (A4)

edge will be decreased by 4 inches, find

the percent decrease in volume.

(Ans: 70.37%)

Plates (A4)

7.) Determine the volume of a right

truncated prism with the following

dimensions: Lot the corners of the triangular

base be defined by A, B, and C are

perpendicular to the triangle base and have

the height of 8.6 ft, 7.1 ft, and 5.5 ft

respectively.

(Ans: 311 ft3)

Plates (A4)

and an altitude of 45 cm, solve for the

total surface area.

(Ans: 10,115.93 cm ) 2

Plates (A4)

used in the conveyance of pulverized coal

to fuel boiler, has thickness of 2 cm and

inside diameter of 10 cm. Find the

volume of the material for pipe length of

6 m.

(Ans: 45,239 cm ) 3

Plates (A4)

diameter of 1 m will be made into a

conical hat 40 cm high by cutting a sector

off and joining the edges to form a cone.

Determine the cone diameter and the

angle subtended by the sector removed.

(Ans: 60 cm, 144 degrees)

END

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