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Collaborative Technologies in Libraries: Moving Toward Web 2.


Presented by: Heidi E. Hansen LIS 7430 April 23, 2007

What is Web 2.0?
“Web 2.0 is the next incarnation of the World Wide

Web, where digital tools allow users to create, change, and publish dynamic content of all kinds.” - Stephens, M. (2006). Exploring Web 2.0 and Libraries. Library Technology Reports , 42 (4), 8-14. Web 2.0 is Interactive Peer Production and Collaboration are at the heart of Web 2.0 “Open Source Goes Mainstream” Web 2.0 is a Buzzword

Web 2.0 Glossary
 AJAX: An acronym for Asynchronous JavaScript and XML; a building block of Web 2.0

Web sites that imbeds features into the pages.  API: Application Programming Interface; the means in which various platforms and databases can interact.  Blogosphere: The online world of Weblogs, more commonly referred to as blogs.  Commenting: Commenting in blogs allows readers to type responses to the original posts and publish them to the blog.  Folksonomy: Signifies a set of keywords or tags assigned not by librarians or knowledge workers but by everyday people, tagging their own content online.  The Long Tail: The idea, coined by Chris Anderson in Wired, that niche markets outweigh the biggest bestseller.  Mash Ups: Remixing and reusing content to make something new, such as a mash up of Google maps and library locations, programmed via APIs  Tag Cloud: a graphical representation of tags and the number of uses of each tag for a blog.  Tagging: Assigning keywords or subject to a blog post, Flickr image, etc. - Stephens, M. (2006). Exploring Web 2.0 and Libraries. Library Technology Reports , 42 (4), 8-14.

Peer Production
Concept in Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration

Changes Everything Peer Production already exists in Open Source Open Source Grows Up
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Not Just for Geeks Anymore Usable Reliable

 Novell Linux Commercial

The “Prosumers”
 Term first Introduced in 1980 in Alvin Toffler’s book The Third Wave  Prosumer is a “Mashup”  Combination of Consumers and Producers  “Prosumers [treat] the world as a place for creation, not consumption.

This new way of learning and interacting means they will treat the world as a stage for their own innovations.” - Tapscott, D., & Williams, A. D. (2006). Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything. New York: Portfolio/Penguin Group.  Web 2.0 is moving offline, participants expect more from commercial products
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Hacking PSP, iPods, and Mobile Phones Personalization of Consumer Products Will not settle for products they cannot “tinker” with Expect interaction at every level

Collaboration & Open Source in Libraries
 Library 2.0  Similar to how Web 2.0 harnesses the collective participation of users, Library 2.0 encourages patron feedback and participation  Library 2.0 extends Web 2.0 offline; focus on community participation and improved library services  Robust Open Source Solutions Help Librarians Innovate  Low cost or free software  Unlimited Licenses  Easier to Use ‘Out of the Box’  Examples of Open Source Alternatives  Firefox (Web Browser)  The Gimp (Image Editing)  OpenOffice (Office Suite)  Linux (Operating System) - Gordon, R. S., & Stephens, M. (2006). Free Finds for Frugal Librarians. Computers in Libraries , 26 (3), 44-45.

Real World Library Wikis
 “A wiki is a server-based collaborative tool that allows any authorized users

to edit web pages and create new ones using nothing more than a Web browser and a text entry form on a Web page.” - Chawner, B., & Lewis, P. H. (2006). WikiWikiWebs: New Ways to Communicate in a Web Environment. Information Technology and Libraries , 25 (1), 33-43.  Choosing a Wiki

WikiMatrix: St. Joseph County Public Library (Media Wiki): http:// Princeton Public Library Book Lovers Wiki (PBWiki): http:// University of Conneticut Library Staff Wiki: ArborWiki (MediaWikiwith Custom Theme):

 Subject Guides

 Special Interests

 Instruction

 Community Information

Wiki Prayer

Please, grant me the serenity to accept the pages I cannot edit, The courage to edit the pages I can, And the wisdom to know the difference