hibbeler dynamics statics Slides

© All Rights Reserved

10 views

hibbeler dynamics statics Slides

© All Rights Reserved

- Turlock-Irrigation-District-(MD)-Municipal-Uses---Demand---35-kW-and-Over
- Day 2 Power Plan1
- SBG LEARNING FOLDER
- mXyzytyz
- Easy-To-Use Hydraulic Conversions Calculations Excel
- 296115 Phoenix Contact Datasheet 997601
- MM_Science_20090305
- dragster project
- advanced power system analysis model paper
- Boe 1 St Assignment n r Patel
- Volkswagen XL1 - The World's Most Fuel Efficient Car.pdf
- A9.pdf
- API-64-039
- PM1000 Modbus
- Checklist (2)
- Nota Physics F4-Chapter 2
- cat lessonplan2
- [Bhiku_Matre] 13-traction and transport devices.pdf
- 9series hyundai.pdf
- darfon_b191-203-204 4hb1910041c_psu

You are on page 1of 18

Todays Objectives:

Students will be able to:

In-Class Activities:

1. Determine the power generated

by a machine, engine, or motor. Check Homework

2. Calculate the mechanical Reading Quiz

efficiency of a machine.

Applications

Define & Find Power

Define & Find

Efficiency

Concept Quiz

Group Problem

Solving

Attention Quiz

Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.

R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.

READING QUIZ

A) dU / dt B) F v

C) F dr/dt D) All of the above.

A) displacement B) velocity

C) gravity D) friction

R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.

APPLICATIONS

rated in terms of their power

output. The power output of the

motor lifting this elevator is

related to the vertical force F

acting on the elevator, causing it

to move upwards.

elevator (with a known maximum

load), how can we determine the

power requirement of the motor?

R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.

APPLICATIONS (continued)

can climb a hill depends in

part on the power output of

the engine and the angle of

inclination of the hill.

truck, knowing the power transmitted by the engine to the

wheels? Can we find the speed, if we know the power?

If we know the engine power output and speed of the truck, can

we determine the maximum angle of climb for this truck?

R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.

POWER AND EFFICIENCY (Section 14.4)

of time.

If a machine or engine performs a certain amount of work,

dU, within a given time interval, dt, the power generated can

be calculated as

P = dU/dt

Since the work can be expressed as dU = F dr, the power

can be written

P = dU/dt = (F dr)/dt = F (dr/dt) = F v

and velocity components acting in the same direction.

R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.

POWER

P = F v = F v cos q

where q is the angle between the force and velocity vectors.

the power can be determined by calculating the dot product

or by multiplying force and velocity components.

1 W = 1 J/s = 1 (N m)/s .

In the FPS system, power is usually expressed in units of

horsepower (hp) where

1 hp = 550 (ft lb)/s = 746 W.

Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.

R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.

EFFICIENCY

useful power produced (output power) to the power supplied

to the machine (input power) or

e = (power output) / (power input)

may also be expressed in terms of the ratio of output energy

to input energy or

e = (energy output) / (energy input)

forces dissipate energy, additional power will be required to

overcome these forces. Consequently, the efficiency of a

machine is always less than 1.

Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.

R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.

PROCEDURE FOR ANALYSIS

its motion. It may be necessary to draw a free-body diagram.

force is applied. Energy methods or the equation of motion

and appropriate kinematic relations, may be necessary.

Multiply the force magnitude by the component of velocity

acting in the direction of F to determine the power supplied

to the body (P = F v cos q ).

In some cases, power may be found by calculating the work

done per unit of time (P = dU/dt).

If the mechanical efficiency of a machine is known, either

the power input or output can be determined.

Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.

R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.

EXAMPLE

pulley system and motor M. The motor

has an efficiency of 0.8. At this instant,

point P on the cable has a velocity of 12

m/s which is increasing at a rate of 6

m/s2. Neglect the mass of the pulleys and

cable.

Find: The power supplied to the motor at this

instant.

Plan: 1) Relate the cable and block velocities by defining position

coordinates. Draw a FBD of the block.

2) Use the equation of motion to determine the cable tension.

3) Calculate the power supplied by the motor and then to the

motor.

Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.

R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.

EXAMPLE (continued)

Solution:

1) Define position coordinates to relate velocities.

Datum sm Here sP is defined to a point on the cable. Also

SP sB sA is defined only to the lower pulley, since the

block moves with the pulley. From kinematics,

SA

sP + 2 sA = l

aP + 2 aA = 0

aA = aP / 2 = 3 m/s2 = 3 m/s2 ()

2T

mA aA

A = A

W = 50 (9.81) N

Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.

R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.

EXAMPLE (continued)

equation of motion to the block.

+ Fy = mA aA

2T 50 (9.81) = 50 (3) T = 320.3 N

applied to the cable and the velocity of the cable.

Po = F v = (320.3)(12) = 3844 W

The power supplied to the motor is determined using the

motors efficiency and the basic efficiency equation.

Pi = Po/e = 3844/0.8 = 4804 W = 4.8 kW

R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.

CONCEPT QUIZ

incline at a constant velocity of 4 ft/s.

Find the power supplied by the motor. 30

C) 34.6 ftlb/s D) 40 ftlb/s

260 ft/s. The thrust developed by a jet engine is 1000 lb.

The power developed by the aircraft is

A) (1000 lb)(260 ft/s) B) (2000 lb)(260 ft/s) cos 10

C) (1000 lb)(260 ft/s) cos 10 D) (2000 lb)(260 ft/s)

Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.

R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.

GROUP PROBLEM SOLVING

rest to 25 m/s in 30 s. The engine efficiency e = 0.8.

Find: The maximum power and the average power supplied by

the engine.

Plan: 1) Draw the cars free body and kinetic diagrams.

2) Apply the equation of motion and kinematic equations

to find the force.

3) Determine the output power required.

4) Use the engines efficiency to determine input power.

Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.

R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.

GROUP PROBLEM SOLVING (continued)

Solution:

1) Draw the FBD & Kinetic Diagram of the car as a particle.

1 W

y 10 ma

x =

Fc

Nc

force Fc represent the resultant

forces of all four wheels.

The frictional force between the wheels and road pushes the

car forward. What are we neglecting with this approach?

Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.

R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.

GROUP PROBLEM SOLVING (continued)

+ Fx = max 2000 g (sin 5.711) + Fc = 2000 ax

q W q = tan-1(1/10) = 5.711

Determine ax using constant

acceleration equation max

v = v0 + ax t Fc

=

Nc

ax = (25 0) / 30 = 8.333 m/s2

frictional force Fc:

Fc = 2000 ax + 2000 g (sin 5.711)

= 2000(8.333) + 2000 (9.81) (sin 5.711) = 3619 N

Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.

R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.

GROUP PROBLEM SOLVING (continued)

multiplying the driving (frictional) force and the cars final

speed:

(Pout)max = (Fc)(vmax) = 3619 (25) = 90.47 kW

The average power output is the force times the cars

average speed:

(Pout)avg = (Fc)(vavg) = 3619 (25/2) = 45.28 kW

efficiency equation.

(Pin)max = (Pout)max / e = 90.47 / 0.8 = 113 kW

(Pin)avg = (Pout)avg / e = 45.28 / 0.8 = 56.5 kW

Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.

R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.

ATTENTION QUIZ

_________ the power supplied to the machine.

A) less than B) equal to

C) greater than D) A or B

supplied to the wheels is 52,800 ftlb/s. Find the

combined friction force on the tires.

A) 8.82 lb B) 400 lb

C) 600 lb D) 4.64 x 106 lb

R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.

Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.

R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.

- Turlock-Irrigation-District-(MD)-Municipal-Uses---Demand---35-kW-and-OverUploaded byGenability
- Day 2 Power Plan1Uploaded byDennis Alea
- SBG LEARNING FOLDERUploaded byfnoschese
- mXyzytyzUploaded byedisonbetancur
- Easy-To-Use Hydraulic Conversions Calculations ExcelUploaded byAlmario Sagun
- 296115 Phoenix Contact Datasheet 997601Uploaded byaingueru78
- MM_Science_20090305Uploaded byDebaprasanna Puhan
- dragster projectUploaded byapi-235080781
- advanced power system analysis model paperUploaded byNaveen Reddy
- Boe 1 St Assignment n r PatelUploaded byVivek Patel
- Volkswagen XL1 - The World's Most Fuel Efficient Car.pdfUploaded byKarthik Subramanian
- A9.pdfUploaded bydora
- API-64-039Uploaded byCarlos Castillo
- PM1000 ModbusUploaded byedgarcoo
- Checklist (2)Uploaded byAnonymous vcadX45TD7
- Nota Physics F4-Chapter 2Uploaded byAnonymous H3aCfxw7
- cat lessonplan2Uploaded byapi-356771318
- [Bhiku_Matre] 13-traction and transport devices.pdfUploaded byNamrataMeena
- 9series hyundai.pdfUploaded byYew Lim
- darfon_b191-203-204 4hb1910041c_psuUploaded bynanodocl5099
- ETD820S LAB 3 2018Uploaded byTimo
- CASE CX210B.pdfUploaded byAlexandra Urbina
- Plasticos Rival Submittals- 171121 (1) (1)Uploaded byRaul Sebastiam
- newtons laws readyUploaded byapi-434208019
- CIE a-level Mechanics 1Uploaded byHyungryul Daniel Yang
- Design Esp Bda-05Uploaded bykezia
- 800363_Pelton_Wheel.pdfUploaded byHeba Mohamed
- 800363 Pelton WheelUploaded byYash Belani
- SK210Uploaded byElectroexcavadora Cali
- TScase1-GenToGrid1.pdfUploaded byFrancisco Andrade

- Section 14-5 - 14-6Uploaded byAtef Naz
- 0133975525_ExamplesCh19Uploaded byAtef Naz
- 0133975525_ExamplesCh18Uploaded byAtef Naz
- 0133975525_ExamplesCh17Uploaded byAtef Naz
- Section 14-1 - 14-3Uploaded byAtef Naz
- Section 13 6Uploaded byAtef Naz
- Section 13 5Uploaded byAtef Naz
- Section 13-1- 13-3Uploaded byAtef Naz
- Section 13 4Uploaded byAtef Naz
- Section 12 10Uploaded byAtef Naz
- Section 12 9Uploaded byAtef Naz
- Section 12 8Uploaded byAtef Naz
- 0133975525_ExamplesCh21Uploaded byAtef Naz
- Lecture12-7Uploaded bySpmdibu Cuca
- 0133975525_ExamplesCh22Uploaded byAtef Naz
- Section 12 6Uploaded byAtef Naz
- Section 12-4 - 12-5Uploaded byAtef Naz
- Ch. 8-2Uploaded bykgbagain
- 0133975525_ExamplesCh20Uploaded byAtef Naz
- Hibbeler Slides.pptxUploaded byFelipe
- Final Presentation Design and Innovation FundamentalsUploaded byAtef Naz
- 0133975525_ExamplesCh12Uploaded byAtef Naz
- 0133975525_ExamplesCh16Uploaded byAtef Naz
- 0133975525_ExamplesCh16_2Uploaded byAtef Naz
- 0133975525_ExamplesCh15Uploaded byAtef Naz
- 0133975525_ExamplesCh14Uploaded byAtef Naz
- 0133975525_ExamplesCh13Uploaded byAtef Naz
- 0133975525_ExamplesAppCUploaded byAtef Naz
- 013391545X_section8-1 - 8-2Uploaded byAtef Naz

- kom Unit-VUploaded byRamanathan Durai
- BrakesUploaded byPrasanna Kumar
- Practice # 8(1) (1)Uploaded byAfifaFarooq
- Tyre Pavement Friction CoefficientsUploaded bysuraj
- Past Papers Mat KB 2Uploaded byFayzan Ahmed
- Work, Energy and Power WorksheetUploaded bysmartamjad
- Modified Vector Mechanics Question Bank 2014 (2)Uploaded byajithkumar95
- Andrews_H_B.Practical_Aspects_of.1946.TRANS.pdfUploaded byelchuse6612
- 24692284-Fm-1-506-fundamentals-of-Aircraft-Power-Plants-30-November-1990Uploaded byAhmed Abu Znait
- System Head in Metric UnitsUploaded byrammysi
- Brakes and ClutchesUploaded byPappuRamaSubramaniam
- RPT Science Year 6 2012Uploaded byaninawati
- PulleysUploaded byDraveilois
- SPE-92565-MS_samuel2005_Tortuosity Factors for Highly Tortuous Wells_A Practical ApproachUploaded byJorgito Arias
- LubricationUploaded byilyasnnhm
- Fluid Mechanics Lab 1Uploaded byDavid Ng'ambi
- Pad Eye Designwww.thenavalarch.com Rev B SI UnitsUploaded byKing1971
- 5.0 Aristotelian vs. Galilean MotionUploaded byJenny Teves Dayrit
- Mechanical Seal LubricationUploaded bykiran
- Design Aspects of Multiple Driven Belt ConveyorsUploaded byAndres
- Igcse 14 MomentumUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Cable Bowden Actuator Force FeddbackUploaded byCayetano Rivera Soria
- F4 ExperimentsUploaded byKiTTy
- Lubrication of Rolling Bearings Tips and AdviceUploaded byd_ansari26
- Transient DS MillerUploaded bygambin888
- QrodUploaded byEzequiel Guerrero
- Lubricants 03 00027Uploaded bygunjandpatel05
- Small- And Half-scale Experimental Studies of Rockfall ImpactsUploaded byMaxRamirezCastro
- Rivet AnalysisUploaded byIlayaraja Boopathy
- Ballistic Impact Into Fabric and Compliant Composite LaminatesUploaded bySantiago Vicente

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.