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The American Colonization

in the Philippines
By Group 3:
Christine Joy Mendoza
Jay Anne Cohlene Sanchez
John Andrei Luna
Kimberly Ann De Leon
Lyca Salvador
Marijoy del Rosario
Miles Serrano
Philippines: Once Ruled By Spain

The Philippines were a Spanish colony for nearly three

hundred and thirty years, and the locals had been crying
for independence for decades. Finally, independence
was granted to the colony in 1898. Expecting support
from other countries such as the United States, the
Philippines were celebrationg their newly found
Treaty of Paris

April 11, 1899: John Hay, the secretary of State was

signing the Paris of treaty. In this treaty, Spain ceded the
Philippines, Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States
for about twenty million dollars after the Spanish
American War. This gave the U.S. three more colonies to
control. The Filipinos had not been consulted about
American rule.
War after Treaty

Soon, after the Treaty of Paris was signed, there was

war between the Americans and the Filipinos. The first
lasted until 1912 and it was between the Moros
(Muslims) in Mindanao. The Americans set up a
government with no regard to the Moros culture and
religion which caused the war to break out.
War Tactics

Filipino leader Emilio Aguinaldo began guerilla war

tactics against the American, hiding in bamboo thickets
and bushes; both armies commenced war through
guerilla tactics. By the end of 1902, seven thousand
Americans had been killed and more than two hundred
thousand Filipinos had died.
Anti-Filipino Attitudes

By the time when Americans ruled over the Filipinos, the Filipinos were
relieved because they thought that they will be finally tasting the sweet
taste of independence; however, this idea was neglected because they
werent trusted by the Americans. These Anti-Filipino feelings resulted in
raids and revolts and overall unhappiness.
A newspaper that was published on March 23rd, 1899 have had this news
(not verbatim):
At a meeting held in Kent, various companies that attended agreed that
there should be no Filipinos hired in jobs where white labor can be secured.

In this aspect, there was a separation of the

Church and the State. While the Americans
time, Protestantism was introduced to the
Filipinos. More or less than 300,000 Filipinos
became protestants.
Motivation from Literature

During their time, certain literature had significantly

helped many people to open their eyes and realize the
situation in reality. They have been inspired to make
certain literature, that touches the hearts of the
nationalistic Filipinos. Literature became their medium of
expressing their deep feelings towards their community.

In August 1901, the first American teachers have arrived

in the Philippines. They were called Thomasites. They are
the first teachers to provide education in the Philippines
using English as their medium of Instruction. They have
established some of the earliest schools/universities in
the Philippines and some of them are the following:
University of the Philippines
Philippine Normal College
Siliman University, Dumaguete etc

During Americas era, Filipinization was allowed.

Filipinization was a compromise that allowed colonial
authorities some government action. Elite citizens in the
colony were elected as member of the Philippine
Commission, which was allowed to draft acts and have a
potential say in the government.
Road to Independence

At the Manila Grand Opera House, the Filipinos

established their want for independence. President
Theodore Roosevelt addressed the Philippine Assembly
and addressed their fellow delegates and proclamation,
and the path to independence had started. And on July
4th, 1946, the United States Government restored full
independence in the Philippines.

4th, 1946, the United States Government

restored full independence in the Philippines.