You are on page 1of 45

| 




AC Motors ± Classification:
˜   

˜   
 

   
˜  
˜  
       
 

˜   
 
         
 
   
 

  
  
 

     
 

      
 

    

„nduction Motor:
p   

˜ !  
  
      
  
 

˜
   
    

˜ "     

  

˜  

   
  

   
#$
  

  
    


˜   

#$    
    

 
 
  
     

˜ %  
  

 

  

 
# 
# 
  

       #
|rotection of induction motor:
˜ p     

 %   
    
 

 
  

     

 
 
 %   
#  

    


# # 

  

     

  
 ! 
   
 
 
 

  

 & 
    

 

     

 ' 

  
 
 &
    
    
  

   

 

˜          
 ($  
 

   #  
   

      '
 )  

 *  
˜      

 +   ,
 -  #  
˜          

 %   
 
   
  
   

 

˜ Ñlown out fuse in transformer primary,
˜ Ñlown out fuse in the motor branch circuit,
˜ Loose or poor connection in the switch/starter/contactor.
˜ Ñadly soldered winding connections in the motor.
˜ Open circuit within the winding.
   

 
  
 

      
  
   
 # 
#
  
 
  
   


 
.   

 
 
 
  

 
 +  

 
        
 # 
 
  
 
 

˜ |     
   
     #  
      # 

˜   
     
 
  
   
 
 
 

       
 

       


˜  
  

˜     


˜       

    

    


˜   
    

 
  
  

 
   

˜    
   

   


˜     

  

   
˜   
˜   
 
˜ !    


˜ !  
 

 

˜   
 " 
     
#
˜ $ 
  

˜ % 
  

˜ & 
   

  
    

˜  
    


˜       

  

    

' 
  
 

(
˜   

    
 

˜    

˜ )    
˜     

   

˜   

*$  

   

˜   
+  

  
 

˜
˜       

  
,-.+/ 
 
+
 

˜   
 
    

   

  
 

  
 

    
*$     
 
     


 
  

˜   

 0
    

   

*
   

 

1     

  
 
% 

  
  
  

  

 
+  

+ 

+   
)2
˜ 
+   
+ 

  
 
 

    

  

    )   
   

 
1  


   
  
 
 
  

  
+
˜  
3  
    


     4#
˜ 4 
  

5 ) 
 
0  

+
5 ) 

˜   
 
5 %  
5    

 

5 &     

5 3 
5 0 
5  
˜  
 
 6  
5      
5  6 
 

5 )     

˜   

 
5    

5 &    

0    

˜ 
   
'   ( 
 


 
˜   

    


#
˜ & 
#
5    

  

 
  
3 
  
   
   
 

  
      
*
     

 
˜ )   
#
5 3    
      
     

    
  

    
  

 
  
  
 
    

  

 
  
 

    

   

  
  
   

) 
   
 

    

˜ ) 
#
5   

 
   

 
 
 
˜ )   

#
5  
   

 


    
    

˜ & 
&  

#
5   

   

  
  
7   

 
 +
˜   
#
5    

8  

    
 

 
  

˜ $ 
#
5  
+   
    

 
˜ 
  
#
5   
+  
  ! 
 
  

˜ 9    

#
5    

   

    
 
˜ )   
#
5     

 

   

˜  
  

  #
5      
     

     

˜
˜ & $ #
˜ 4      

   

     
-:
     

   
  
  

   
   #
˜ )   

+
˜  #   

˜   
   

˜  
 
˜    


 
˜    

   
 

 
Abnormal Alternate forms of protection from Remarks
condition which choice is made.
Overloads ë Over load release ë Overload protection given for
ë Thermal overload relays almost all motors
ë Inverse over current relays ë Should not trip during
ë Miniature circuit breaker with starting currents.
built in trip coils
Phase faults and ë HRC fuses ë Differential protection
earth faults ë High set instantaneous over becomes economical for
current relays motors above abut 1000 kw.
ë Differential protection ë Below this high set
instantaneous protection is
preferred.
Under voltage ë Under voltage release ë Under voltage release
ë Under voltage relays incorporated with every
starter
ë Under voltage relay used in
certain applications
Unbalanced ë Negative phase sequence Only in special applications
voltage relays
Reverse phase ë Phase reversal protection ë Generally at supply point
sequence ë Prevents reversal of running.
Single phasing ë Usual thermal overload relays ë Recently developed static
ë Special single phase single phasing devices
preventer becoming popular.
ë Unbalance protection
Stalling ë Thermal relays Instantaneous
ë Instantaneous OC relays Trip
Rotor faults ë Instantaneous Over current ë Only for wound rotor motors
relays
Switching surges ë RC surge suppressor ë 100 ohm, 0.1 micro Farad
connected between phase
and ground.
à
˜ )   
 
   


 
#
˜  
    

  


˜ !   
   
+ 
 
     

 
+
˜ !      
  
 

 

˜ $       

    

˜ !  
+ 
 
+   

  

  

   
 
 
  


 
˜ & 
 
  
 
     

  
 
7&/4      


&   
 #
m 
   

  m 

m  

 
  m  
m
 

! "#
$m  

%  
&  '    

%   () 

* 
 )+ 

*    ($  

$ 
$, $$
 
 
$   

  

+ 

-.m $$
/  

/  
 ! / 

%/  
0 %/   

 

  * #
$#$
* #
$ m ' 

$ 
'  
  
à
˜ !  
3 
#
˜         

˜ !   
 

     
 
  

˜   
 
 
  
   

   
˜  
 
 
 

˜ !      

 

 

˜ 4  
  
  
 
 

      


˜ !  
 
  
 
˜ ) !  
$ 
#
˜   

    

 
 

˜ 8   


˜   

˜ ) 
 
˜ &  

 

˜ &  

   

˜ )  & *$ #
˜ )      

 
     


  
     
   
 

˜   
,-,.   

    

˜   
,.    

  
    

     
˜        
 #
˜ *$ 5     

  
+
˜    

  

    
+
˜ &  
#
5 %  
 

 
 
 

  
#
5  
    

  
5 $    

5 7  

5 &     

  

5 &  

5 )    

˜    

 

 #
5   

5   
     

 
5  
      

      

  

5  
     

        


 
 
     

˜ 3  
   #
˜    

5        


  

  

 

5   
 
 

   
+
5        
 
  

5 )   
  

      

   
˜     

  
  

  ;
5 3   

5 )   

5 %+ 

5 *  


5     

5 * 

+ 
˜     

 
;
5    
   

   

5    
 
  
5    
  

˜ &  

   

#
˜     

#
5 )    

     
5 !     
  

5 )      
5 & 

     

˜ & #
5 !  
   

     

5 )    

   
   

5 &     

5 &  

   

5 )   
 
˜ &   


5 7 
 
 
+   


   
  
     
 

˜  
  #
5