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by: Ramilyn A. Somollo
Power and Politics

power is the ability to influence or outright control
the behavior of people
is the process of making decisions applying to all
members of each group. More narrowly, it refers to
achieving and exercising positions of governance
organized control over a human community
Positive and Negative

Positive power in an organization involves

encouraging productivity which includes giving
employees the power to make decisions,
rewarding employees for strong performance and
appointing employees who perform strongly to
supervise other employees.
Positive and Negative

Positive power builds employee confidence and

motivates employees to work harder. It also results
in those in higher-level positions gaining power
through employee respect and communication,
rather than coercive efforts.
Positive and Negative

Negative Types of Power

When leaders in an organization do not have the
respect of the employees under them, they have a
negative power.
This type of leader motivates employees to
perform by threatening them with job loss and
other punishments or shows favoritism to certain
employees rather than recognizing the hard work
of multiple employees
Positive and Negative

Positive Politics
Employees who learn to navigate the politics of an
organization are more productive than those who are left
out of the loop.
To encourage productivity, organizations must develop a
political culture easy for employees to understand.
Establishing clear policies and chains of command makes it
easier for employees to find the answers they need and
spend more time on producing quality work
Positive and Negative

Positive Politics
A climate focused on collaboration and equal treatment
prevents conflict that can reduce productivity.
Positive and Negative

Negative Politics
Organizations that develop climates of negativity and
conflict suffer as a result.
If employees are encouraged to engage in dishonest or
unethical behavior to get ahead and favoritism trumps the
quality of work, an organization faces decreases in
productivity and higher turnover rates.
How to deal with it!

Power in the workplace should be well defined.
There must be a system in place which will prevent
an overlapping of power and function to prevent
the conflict.
Power tripping must never be allowed in an
organization and there must be a corresponding
penalty for it.
How to deal with it!

Power must be utilized to empower the members
of an organization. When a leader results to co-
ercion then the power is not used properly or the
person weilding the power has not given cause to
be respected.
How to deal with it!

Politics is avoided if there is a clear delineation of
function in the organization.
Favoritism shoul be avoided to ensure that
factions will not form.
As a manager never hesitate to nip the problem in
the bud.
How to deal with it!

Impose an objective merit system to ensure that
people int he organization rise or fall based on
their own merits.
Learn to communicate and not to dictate