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ABAQUS Lecture
Part II
Patrick Roberts
Weber 201

• What is ABAQUS CAE?
• Why learn ABAQUS CAE?
• Online Tutorials
• Sample problem
• Some helpful hints

abaqus. With direct access to CAD models. (From www. What is ABAQUS CAE? ABAQUS CAE provides a complete modeling and visualization environment for ABAQUS analysis products. and with an exclusive view towards ABAQUS analysis . ABAQUS/CAE is the modeling environment of choice for many ABAQUS users. advanced meshing and visualization.

. • Allows for Python scripting. • Build most models very quickly • Gives you a method to import models created by other software packages. Why learn ABAQUS CAE? • Building input files by hand for large or complex models are too difficult.

cae file extension.odb and .fil files • CAE created an input file to run the analysis. • You can import an input file to CAE to manipulate the model. . ABAQUS CAE files • ABAQUS CAE creates a binary file with a . • When viewing your results it uses the .

• To work through these step you will work with individual modules in CAE. then assemble those parts into a model which is then analyzed. ABAQUS CAE structure • In CAE you make parts. .

CAE layout Title bar Menu bar Toolbar Context bar Message Canvas area or Viewport Prompt Toolbox and command area area drawing line area interface .

ABAQUS CAE modules • Part – Create individual parts • Property – Create and assign material properties • Assembly – Create and place all parts instances • Step – Define all analysis steps and the results you want • Interaction – Define any contact information • Load.View your results .Define and place all loads and boundary conditions • Mesh – Define your nodes and elements • Job – Submit your job for analysis • Visualization.

Viewing and working with your output . Simple 3D cantilever beam 2. Two hinges/ rigid pin assembly 3. Online tutorials ABAQUS CAE has three very good tutorials 1.

This way all your results files will end up in this directory (where you want them!). navigate to the directory you want to use. TIP: You should open a Command Window. Starting ABAQUS CAE You can start ABAQUS CAE from the START menu or with a command line by typing abaqus cae in a Command window. start ABAQUS CAE via command line. and finally. .

. The length of the beam is 200 mm. • This will be a plane stress problem so it will have unit thickness. height is 25 mm.5 MPa. Plane stress problem • To start learning ABAQUS CAE we will work through building a cantilevered beam that is subjected to a pressure load on the top of the beam of 0.

Part Module • Create a new part as – 2-D planar – Type : Deformable – Basic feature: shell – Approximate size: .

Your plane stress part .

Property Module • We will add the material Steel and give it values of 209 × 103 MPa and Poisson's ratio of 0. type Homogeneous.3. . • We will create a section called BeamSection and give it a category of solid. • We then assign this material to this section.

Assembly Module • We will create one instance of this beam. .

displacements. • For the output we want stresses. • The procedure type is General and the type is Static. strains. forces/reaction. . Step Module • We will add a step after the system created Initial step called Load Step.

We will call this boundary condition Fixed. Load Module • We want to fully constrain (encastre) the left end of the beam. Fixed boundary conditions must be placed in the system created Initial step. . • The pressure load must be added in the step we created earlier called Load Step. Call this load Pressure and it has a value of 0.5 and is applied to the top of the beam.

Beam with BC’s and loading .

reduced integration. • Next we choose element type. Mesh Module • First we need to decide on the Mesh controls. • CPS4R: A 4-node bilinear plane stress quadrilateral. . If we choose linear with reduced integration we will be using the following element. hourglass control. In this case we will use quadrilateral. Under Family you will see Plane stress highlighted.

• The system suggested 20 so we’ll choose 15. Mesh Module (cont. Larger numbers will make the mesh more course.) • We need to define how course/fine the mesh will be by the use of seeds. • The system will suggest a seed value. . To make the mesh finer enter a smaller number.

.) When we mesh this instance we get the following. Mesh Module (cont.

• The analysis should only take a couple of minutes. . Job Module • We will create a job called 2DPlaneStressBeam • Once this has been created just submit the job.

Visualization Module • Once your analysis is complete we want to see the results. • If we look at Von Mises stress distribution we see .

Stress distribution .

It will only show you what you initially choose in the Step Module. All of the results files are in the directory you started CAE in. warning or other system data on how the analysis ran look at those files. . Additional Results To see additional results choose Field Output and you can choose the type of output you would like to see. For any errors.

If you are using Word then use the TIFF format. Some additional tips • If you want to capture an image for later placement in a paper you need bring up the view you want to capture. then print to a file. . If you use Latex use the eps format.