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Lecture

Dosen:

Sukirno (SK)

Dijan Supramono (DS)

for incompressible flow): correlation of pressure and velocity of fluid (SK) • Fluid friction (due to velocity gradient inside a pipe: Newton’s law of viscosity: xy = .e. manometer (SK) • Mass balance (scalar: mass) (SK) • First law of thermodynamics and energy balance (scalar: energy) (SK) • Bernoulli’s equation (scalar: energy/mass. i. dVy/dx) (SK) .• Fluid statics . tank.

• Momentum balance (vectors: correlation of force exerted by solid surface interacting with fluid and velocity and pressure of fluid) (SK) .

in forced convective heat transfer. B. Week 8+9 (DS) • For example: B.L. • Lecture Particle motion in fluid.L.• Lecture Boundary layer (due to velocity gradient) and drag coefficient. inside the pipe. drag force over structures. Week 9(DS) – Friction force – Terminal velocity – Particle motion under influence of gravity and centrifugal forces .

Week 10+quiz (DS) • Lecture Fluid motion in fixed bed and fluidised bed (e. for catalytic reactors).g. Week 14 (DS) . Week 12 (DS) • Compressors 13 + Homework Presentation 2 (DS) • Homework Presentation 2+quiz. Week 11 (DS) • Lecture Fluid motion in fixed bed and fluidised bed.• Homework Presentation 1.

Coulson and Richardson’s Chemical Engineering. Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers. 11 . 4th edition for material no 7 • 3. Noel de Nevers.• References: • 1. Frank M. Fluid Mechanics. H. McGraw-Hill. Volume 2: Particle Technology and Separation Processes. J. J. R. J. 2002 for material no 8. Backhurst. Inc. McGraw-Hill. Inc. F. 1991 for material no 12 • 2. White. edisi ke 5. 2nd edition. 10. Richardson. Harker.

• Post mid-test final evaluation: • Final test (67%) • Quiz and presentation (33%) .

Fluid statics (Basis: force balance) Determine the pressure Determine the magnitude and reading of the gauge at the location of the force of the top of the tank. . water acting on the gate.

Fluid friction inside the pipe Basis: Newton’s law of viscosity yx = dvx/dy . 2.

Fluid friction: friction coefficient of pipe (due to velocity gradient) .

3. Bernoulli Equation • p1/ + ½ V12 + g h1 = p2/ + ½ V22 + g h2 • This equation correlates 2 different positions in a streamline • Criteria of its validation(syarat): – Incompressible – Inviscid (not viscous) – Steady state • If the fluid is viscous. corrections must be imposed • p1/1 + ½ V12 + g h1 = p2/2 + ½ V22 + g h2+ .

pressure drop is applied to oppose friction on the pipe wall .• Inviscid terminology could mean that the fluid is not affected by the friction between the fluid and a solid surface. • In case of flow inside a pipe.

Momentum Balance Equation • . 4. u1 and u2: unit vectors .

.

• . .

Boundary layer on a plate .5.

6. drag force and bouyancy force). Particle motion in fluid (combined effects of gravity force or centrifugal force. Drag force occurs due to velocity gradient and pressure distribution over the sphere surface and) .

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