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The latest tools to mitigate the risk of fraud in

the food industry


Dr. Michle Lees
Eurofins Analytics, FRANCE
Email: MicheleLees@eurofins.com

www.eurofins.com
Company Overview

The Eurofins Group is the global leader in the


bioanalytical testing market:
More than 225 laboratories with 23 000 employees
Presence in 39 countries in Europe, the USA, Asia-
Pacific and South America
150,000 different analytical methods
In-depth Industry expertise and rapid reaction
capabilities
Investment in R&D and state-of-the-art equipment

Source presentation EDR: 1-F-MK-PRE-0103614


Source modification date: 12/12/2012

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 2
Laboratories in international locations

Source presentation EDR:-F-MK-PRE-0103614


Source modification date: 22/02/2016

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 3
A unique early warning system
New issues arise all the time...requiring
Closing analytical solutions
gaps in our analytical Even a portfolio of over 150 000 assays does
portfolio not cover all requirements

+
Constant monitoring on a global level
Recognising patterns
allows us to recognise trends and
of potential problems
patterns

Informing customers
Eurofins provides its customers with
on possible concerns information on emerging issues
Source presentation EDR: 1-F-MK-PRE-0103614
Source modification date: 22/02/2016

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 4
Eurofins: ~30 years experience in the development
of analytical methods to detect food fraud
Creation of EUROFINS Laboratory, in Nantes (France)
1987 Pioneer of the SNIF-NMR method to detect wine
enrichment or chaptalisation

Coordination of first main EU-funded projects in this area


FAIM: Food Authenticity Issues and Methodologies 1994

Participation in EU project Food Integrity


2014
Creation of a Knowledge Base to establish the state-
of-the art as regards analytical methods for food
integrity testing

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 5
Participation in the Food Fraud Think Tank

2012

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 6
The Food Fraud Think Tank

26-28 February 2014


Anaheim, CA, USA
2016

2014

2013

2012 6-8 March 2013


Barcelona, Spain

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 7
GFSI: Key elements for food fraud mitigation

Requirements for the food industry

Vulnerability Assessment

Food Fraud Mitigation Plan

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 8
Identifying the likelihood
The Eurofins approach of a food
to the prevention of Food
Fraud risk
fraud

An integrated step-wise approach to


mitigate the risk of Food Fraud

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 9
Identifying the likelihood
The Eurofins approach of a food
to the prevention of Food
Fraud risk
fraud

http://www.foodfraud.org

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 10
New USP Food Fraud Database 2.0

Coming in Mid-2016

Expanded records types


and contents
Tailored experience
Dashboard and data
analytics
Hazards ID report
generation to support
FSMA requirements

Source: J. Moore,
Director - Science, Food Standards
US Pharmacopeial Convention

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 11
Identifying the likelihood
The Eurofins approach of a food
to the prevention of Food
Fraud risk
fraud

Vulnerability Assessment Tools Assess level of risk, assign priority


European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 12
Example of Food Fraud Vulnerability Assessment
Tool: USP
USP Food Fraud Mitigation Guidance
www.foodfraud.org
Framework for how to design your own
tailored food fraud mitigation system based
on vulnerability and impact (V&I)
assessment

Source: J. Moore, USP

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 13
Example of Food Fraud Vulnerability Assessment
SSAFE Outil pratique pour lvaluation de
Tool: SSAFE
vulnrabilit

Tool created to help companies meet the new GFSI requirements


Applicable to any food business irrespective of size or geographical location
Provides a means of assessing vulnerability to fraud and preparing mitigation
plans
Science-based tool prepared by academia and industry experts
Source: Quincy Lissaur, Executive Director of SSAFE
European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 14
Example of Food Fraud Vulnerability Assessment
SSAFE Outil pratique pour lvaluation de
Tool: SSAFE
vulnrabilit

Preparatio
Series of
Decision 50 n of
Spider
Tree Questions Control
Webs
Plan

FFVA Tool is available at:

http://www.ssafe-food.org Source: Quincy Lissaur


http://www.pwc.com/foodfraud Executive Director of SSAFE

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 15
Example of Food Fraud Vulnerability Assessment
SSAFE Outil pratique pour lvaluation de
Tool: SSAFE
vulnrabilit

181
1650+ 750+ 51
ONLINE
90 DAYS DOWNLOADS REGISTERED
ASSESSMENTS
COUNTRIES
USERS
COMPLETED

48% 46% 43% 38% 44%

Product Employee Whistle- Direct


Adulteration blowing Suppliers
Monitoring Screening
Products Controls No whistle- Fraud Control
susceptible to No integrity Systems
No fraud screening of blowing
adulteration system Suppliers do
monitoring employees
systems in not have a
place FSMS, are not
audited
externally; or
FSMS
Source: Quincy Lissaur contains no
Executive Director of SSAFE fraud
measures
European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 16
Identifying the likelihood
The Eurofins approach of a food
to the prevention of Food
Fraud risk
fraud

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 17
How to choose the right analytical strategy to
reduce the food fraud risk

Dilution
Mislabelling

Adulteration
Substitution

Enhancement
Grey Market

Concealment Counterfeit

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 18
How to choose the right analytical strategy to
reduce the food fraud risk

Visual and/or organoleptic verification


of labels, container, content

Chemical or biomolecular
composition :-
chromatography,
spectroscopy, DNA profile

Stable isotope analysis, trace


element profile

Untargeted or semi-targeted
approach

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Applying an untargeted analytical strategy to
reduce the food fraud risk

Fishing for fraud

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 20
The latest untargeted tools treat food products as
fingerprints

Fraud by addition, removal,


modification of chemical
component

Fraud by mislabelling,
substitution of a species,
variety

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 21
Example of an untargeted approach: High
Resolution 1H NMR

NMR spectrum of a honey sample

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 22
Example ofHow does theapproach:
H NMR honey
High authentication method
1
an untargeted
Resolutionwork?
1
H NMR

Each honey sample = a combination of characteristic peaks


Discrepancies in the profile indicate an anomaly
Statistical treatment of the data can extract even more
information

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 23
Numerous applications for untargeted 1H NMR

Eurofins offers this untargeted approach, including experimental


method and comprehensive database, for numerous food products
such as:

Fruit juice Coffee


Arabica v. Robusta
Fruit type Other varieties
Concentrate v. NFC Adulteration
Adulteration
Origin
Wine

Grape variety
Adulteration

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 24
Numerous applications for untargeted 1H NMR

and even for high-end products that are top of the fraudsters list:

Caviar
Saffron

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 25
Advantages of untargeted 1H NMR

Simple sample preparation

Rapid measurement on a 1H NMR


spectrometer (~20 minutes)

Information rich data processing


and statistical evaluation

Interpretation and
identification of
authenticity markers

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 26
Example of a semi-targeted approach: DNA Chip
technology for meat speciation

? Ra Species-specific PCR
Ch

bb t?
ick

it ? a
Go
en
?

To detect 1 particular
Horse ?
species

Duck ?

s e? To detect a large panel


o
Go of expected and/or undesired
rk ? species
Po Beef ?
g ?
Do

Sh
e ep
t/

? Consensus PCR
Ca

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 27
Example of a semi-targeted approach: DNA Chip
technology for meat speciation
8 spots per chip:
6 test samples
1 positive control (for all 20 species)
1 negative control

Each spot contains specific hybridization probes


in duplicate, for simultaneous qualitative
detection of up to 20 species

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 28
Advantages of the DNA Chip technology for meat
speciation

ONE test can detect up to 20 species in the same sample


High sensitivity : use of mitochondrial DNA targets
Verify that product composition is in accordance with the species
mentioned on the ingredient list
Test for absence of undesired species: horse meat in beef,
ruminants in animal feed,
Search for species for which no other test is currently available
(e.g. rabbit)

European Food Sure 6th Annual European Food Safety & Quality Summit, 26-27 May 2016, Huis ter Duin, Netherlands 29
The Eurofins approach to the prevention of Food
Fraud

Food Fraud Mitigation


Action Plan
Carry out a diagnostic of the entire
supply chain
Identify vulnerable weak links
Implement mitigation measures
including:
An appropriate testing regime
A suitable supplier audit
strategy

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For more information, visit us
at Booth N 2

THANK YOU
www.eurofins.com