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WHAT IS WORK/LIFE BALANCE?
• Equal balance between work and personal activities? • Is it same for everyone? Varies from individual to individual and varies over time on a daily basis as well over different phases of life • There is no perfect, one-size fits all solution • The best work-life balance is different for each of us because we all have different priorities and different lives • Work/life balance, in its broadest sense, is defined as a satisfactory level of involvement between the multiple roles in a person’s life.
NEED OF WORK LIFE BALANCE
“No one can have everything and do everything at the same time” -Oprah Winfrey • The inability to balance work and family demands has been linked to : reduced work performance increased absenteeism lower commitment poor morale
Benefits of Work Life Balance Initiatives for Employers • • • • • • Reduced absenteeism and lateness Improved employee morale and commitment Reduced stress and improved productivity A more flexible workforce Increased ability to attract and recruit staff Potential for improved occupational health and safety • Fulfillment of equal opportunity objectives • Good corporate citizenship and an enhanced corporate image .
motivation and job satisfaction knowing that family and work commitments are being met • Increased job security from the knowledge that an organisation understands and supports workers with family responsibilities • Increased ability to remain employed. • Increased ability to remain competitive in career advancement • Improved health and wellbeing of staff .Benefits of Work Life Balance Initiatives for Employees • Ability to manage work and individual commitments • Improved personal and family relationships • Flexible working arrangements resulting in reduced work overload and stress • Increased focus.
including having more input into rosters and shifts.Global Perspective • 1) New Zealand • Employee’s perspective of work life – Flexible start and finish times. – More choice about the way they work. and more leave . and choosing the number of hours they work • • • • • • Employers offering Using personal sick leave to care for others Flexible break provisions Study leave Governments initiative Obstruction .both paid and unpaid.
• Promoting healthy life style alternatives through membership of gym and other recreational clubs. • Employee friendly working arrangements. • Paid parental leave. • Work location options. such as the Netherlands' Adjustment of Hours Law assist workers in improving their worklife balance. • Australia Work life policy for the ICT industry This policy provides guidance and recommendations by the Australian Computer Society (ACS) on work life issues for employers and employees in the ICT industry • Flexible working hours. • Netherlands Initiatives to give workers more control over their working time.Global Perspective –Contd. . • Job sharing and part time work.
got engaged and so on. covering topics like "Developing Child's Intelligence". discounted gym and saloon memberships and even in-house work-life effectiveness managers and career counselors are all attempts by Accenture to counter stress and maintain the work life balance. "Developing parent child relationships". at discounted rates through out the year Accenture Incorporated family events into its employee calendars. pottery classes. IBM employees can also attend Parenting Workshops at the Resource Center. computer classes etc.Indian Picture NIIT Innovative allowances for employees who were dating. These policies ensured recruitment of promising talent and a motivated workforce. activity based games. with social gatherings or outings where the whole family comes together. "Communicating towards better parenting".The Resource Center houses a library. Mandatory number of holidays. IBM Free membership to children of all IBMers to the GenieKids Resource center through out the year . .
Infosys unveils new HR practices • Paternity leaves • Exams for employees who are interested in other profiles. Job Rotation • Lady employee will be allowed to work from home (for particularly new mothers) • initiated a pilot project for employees giving them an opportunity to opt for a one-year sabbatical at any point in their careers .
Employee Welfare at Wipro • • • • • • • • Education Medical Housing Canteen and other Recreational facilities Club membership Insurance Policy Mitr Freedom Of association .
Parameters of Study Time Constraints Marital Status Work-Life Balance .
The questionnaire was structured into 3 substantive sections: • Issues in work life • Issues in family life • Issues in self life Work-Life Balance Work-Life Family-Life Self-Life .
Whereas in the case of females there are 90% of females working for 8-10 hours and 5% working for 10-12 hours. Means comparing with the males there are less percentage of females who are working for long hours. 81% males working for 8-10 hrs and 16% males working for 10-12 hours.Work Life • There are very less number of males and females who are working for less than 8 hours. • • • .
And there are no females who travel for more than 10 days a month.Official Travel (Representing the Gender) • 78% of the males travel for less than 5 days a month and 13% travel for 5-10 days. . • Where as 71% of females travel for less than 5 days and 28% travel for 5-10 days. There are 9% who travel for more than 10 days.
13% travel for 5-10 days. From this observation we can say that because married people have more responsibilities and they have to dedicate more time to family they are travelling less as compared to singletons.Representing the Marital Status • 87% of the married people travel for less than 5 days. And there are no married people who travel for more than 10 days. • • . Whereas there are 69% of singletons who travel for less than 5 days. 18% travel for 510 days and there are 13% who travel for more than 10 days in a month for official purpose.
Office Tension at home • We find that women are more worried than men about their work when they come home. We can notice that substantially 78% women carry office tension home compared to just 60 % men. .
According to marital status • Married women comparatively carry more office tension back home than single women. • Approximately 90 % of the married women carry tensions back home that 60% of single women .
This could be by their own personal choice.Analysis-Family Life • Majority of the males spent either less than 30 minutes or more than 90 minutes with their family. Whereas majority of the females spent around 60-90 minutes with their family. vacations etc. This could probably be because they are spending more time on their personal life like going out for picnics. When probed further into the study it was found that men who spent less than 30 minutes with their families were generally unmarried. Probably due to the Indian culture women are seen more to spend time with their families. • • • . While in case of females they showed a very stable trend.
self recreational activities. • Whereas in case of unmarried respondents we found that once they reach home they like to spent time watching TV. .Respondents spending time with their family. surfing internet. etc rather than spending time with family. (marital status wise) • most of the married respondents once they reach home like to spend time with their family.
• .e. But the same frame would not be feasible to measure the time spent by the married individuals. Whereas in case of unmarried respondents a high percentage of respondents i.Percentage of respondents going on a vacation in a year (marital status wise) • • 72% of the married respondents went on a vacation for about once in a year. Probably less family responsibilities on the shoulders of the singletons helped them to dedicate more time for themselves as well as their work. 25 per-cent didn’t go on a vacation even once a year. On the time frame when analysed the singletons were found spending more time at work and for their self life.
This could be attributed to the late working hours experienced by the respondents.19 hours of their day to their work and approximately 1 hour to travel and could not or on personal choice did not contribute much to help their wards with their studies. From this we found that roughly the married individuals in our sample were contributing 11. • . Most of these individuals worked for 10 – 12 hours a day.Helping children in studies(gender wise for married individuals) • • 62% of the males and 50% of the females did not help out their wards with their education.
. • According to the medical theories. Despite.No of hours of sleep daily • 90% of the respondents confirmed that they slept for 6 or more than 6 hours daily. the heavy work schedules all the respondents of the survey satisfied this criterion. an average of 6 hours of sleep is required for an adult to rejuvenate his physical capacities on a daily basis.
No of hours of sleep daily (marital status wise) • It was found that majority of the singletons were sleeping for more than 6 hours. While in case of married respondents approximately 50% of them slept strictly for 5 – 6 hours. .
Recreational activities • 50 % of the male respondents spend time engaging in recreational activities while maximum females do not. They were of the opinion that vacations were the time when they could get a break from work. This clearly shows a striking difference in the choice made by males and females towards balancing self life. but could not find time to include them in their daily routines for lack of time. • . One fourth of our respondents also confided that they were interested in recreational activities.
Out of the total females. there is an equal distribution of analysis.Membership of spiritual organizations • In response to being part any spiritual or social organization. • . The rest 75% of males. married or single are not part of any social or spiritual organization. out of which 88% are single males and 12% are married. 36% of females are a part of social or spiritual organization. 25% of males are a part of social or spiritual organization. out of which 45% are single females and 55% are married. singletons have a upper hand than married ones. out of the total males. The rest 64% of females. married or single are not part of any social or spiritual organization.
When further analysed according to the gender it was found that females were more keen on viewing the television soaps while males were into gym and internet surfing.Hobbies • The pie-diagram represents the general response of the respondents pertaining to hobbies.V. spending time with family etc. 32% of them preferred to watch T. the choices were more tending to wards otions like T. While in case of female respondents. A quick observation of the details showed that there was a even distribution to all the options when male respondents were considered. while just 4% finished their office work while at home. .V.
It could also depend on what they considered as best balance for themselves.Conclusion • Conscious efforts taken by the employer to counter barriers to work life balance. • Respondents of this survey were spending time in all the three fronts of work. . the employee has to ensure that there is effective time and stress management. Also. family and self life. But the no of hours spent by each of them was different. This could be attributed to their personality and individual choice. • Another aspect of the entire study though not explicitly covered is the organizational culture to readily accept the work life initiatives into the organizational environment.
RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE EMPLOYER • • • Motivation Appreciation of work Authority and Responsibility .
RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE EMPLOYEE • • Pursuing Hobbies and Passions Effective Time and Stress Management .
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