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By

Noora Ali 200881090


Noor Abdulla 200720229
Zainab 200424678
Learning objective

After this presentation , you will…

o know what is Autism

oKnow the main characteristics of Autism

oKnow the major psychological problems

oKnow UAE and Autism


•Autism

is a neurological disorder which causes

Definition of Autism
developmental disability. Autism affects the
way the brain functions, resulting in
difficulties with communication and social
interaction, and unusual patterns of
behavior, activities and interests (Autism
Society Canada,2007).

What is Autism ?
History of Autism

o in 1943, Autism was described by Leo Kanner

o it was known as “ early infantile autism”

oPeople did not distinguish between Autism and

schizophrenia .

o At the beginning of 1960s , people start to understand

Autism more

o Now, people have became aware of Autism


Facts about Autism

boys are more likely to have Autism four times

more than girls

for each 100 children , 1 has Autism, the number

is increasing

over 35$ billion per year , is the cost of Autism.

in U.S , Autism the rapidest- growing

developmental disability.

there is no cure for Autism, but there is

treatment
Signs of Autism…..
t
h a re
W a g
ey k i n
th in ut
th bo
a
Symptoms of Autism…..
AUTISM DIAGNOSIS

•Physical examination

•Medical history

•Medical tests
The three main

triad of impairments'
difficulty with social communication
areas of difficulty

which all people


difficulty with social interaction
with autism share

are sometimes
difficulty with social imagination.
known as the 'triad

of impairments'.

They are:
Psychological problems associated with
Autistic people…..

*difficulty with social communication

1.little understanding of both verbal and nonverbal


language.... ( little understanding of language)
2.It difficulty for them to use or understand jokes and
sarcasm / tone of voice / facial expression…
3.Some have a hood language skills, however they find
difficulty to understand a conversation

4.Some use language in unconventional way


5.No eye contact
6.Sometimes, they Repeat some words and phrases.
difficulty with social interaction

o Find difficulties in expressing their feelings

o appear to be insensitive because they have not

recognized how someone else is feeling

o Sped most of their time alone rather than

speaking with people

o Hard to make friendship

o Appears not to listen when spoken to.


difficulty with social imagination.

difficult to understand and interpret other

people's thoughts, feelings and actions

find it hard to understand the concept of danger

find it hard to participate in imaginative play

find it hard to prepare for change and plane for

the future

Find difficulties in being in new or unfamiliar

situation
Odd repetitive motions, can be either extreme or subtle
some of their repetitive behavior
• flapping arms or hands
• flipping fingers in front of eyes
• jumping up and down
• turning in circles
• Rocking back and forth
• Head banging
Treatment

Most behavioral treatment programs


include:

•Clear instructions to the child


•Prompting to perform specific behaviors
•Immediate praise and rewards for performing
those behaviors .
•A gradual increase in the complexity of
reinforced behaviors.
•Definite distinctions of when and
when not to perform the learned
behaviors.
Visual learning
AUTISM IN THE UAE

o Cases of autism is showing to be increasing in the UAE,


which is said to be due to a larger detection of existing
cases and to an increase of risk factors that may cause the
disability.
o There aren’t any official numbers for how many cases of
autism existing in the UAE, but it is guessed that UAE, like
many other countries, has one out of 150 to one out of 200
existing cases of autism.
o The increase of autism in the UAE follows the international
trend of increasing autism around the world.
INCREASED AWARENESS IN THE
UAE

 The UAE has shown increased attention to the


disability in the beginning of the last decade,
which led to the opening of many centers,
including the Sharjah and Dubai centers for
Autism, the Abu Dhabi Red Crescent's centre,
the Abu Dhabi Sheikha Shamsa's centre, the
Abu Dhabi Educational Zone Centre, and New
England Centre for Children - Abu Dhabi.
Support
References

Al marzoqi, S.(2010, july 19). Autism [ PowerPoint slide] .


Autism society. (2008). About autism. Retrieved July 17, 2010, from
http://www.autism-society.org/site/PageServer?pagename=about_home
Autism speaks. (n.d.). Facts about autism. Retrieved July 18, 2010, from
http://www.autismspeaks.org/whatisit/facts.php
Baron-Cohen, S., Bolton, P.(1993). Autism: the fact. New York: OUP Oxford
Bibbo, B. (2002). Autism cases show increase. Retrieved July 20, 2010, from
http://www.vaccinationnews.com/DailyNews/December2002/AutismCasesShow21.htm
El Shammaa, D. (2009). Abu Dhabi autism centre begins work with 24 children. Retrieved
July 20, 2010, from
http://gulfnews.com/news/gulf/uae/health/abu-dhabi-autism-centre-begins-work-with-24-children-1.4

Langholt, A.(n.d,). History of Autism. Retrieved July 22, 2010, from


http://www.life123.com/parenting/toddlers/autism/history-of-autism.shtml
Watson institute. (2010). Repetitive or unusual behaviors. Retrieved July 18, 2010, from
http://www.thewatsoninstitute.org/resources.jsp?pageId=0690200091781087595880940
March of dimes.(2007). Autism. Retrieved July 18, 2010, from
http://www.marchofdimes.com/pnhec/4439_10110.asp
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. (2010). Autism fact sheet. Retrieved
July 18, 2010, from
http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/autism/detail_autism.htm
Repetitive behavior in autism. (n.d.). Retrieved July 22, 2010, from
http://autism.lovetoknow.com/Repetitive_Behavior_in_Autism
The National Autistic Society. ( n.d.). what is autism. Retrieved July 17, 2010, from
http://www.autism.org.uk/about-autism/autism-and-asperger-syndrome-an-introduction/what-is-auti
http://www.d1g.com/video/show/3228940