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NANOTECHNOLOGY

By,
Abhishek Chawla-242001
Sourabh-242012
NANOTECHNOLOGY

Nanotechnology is the study of


manipulating matter on nanoscale.

Nanotechnology refers to the constructing


and engineering of the functional systems at
very micro level or we can say at atomic level.

A Nanometer is one billionth of a meter,


roughly the width of three or four atoms.
GOAL OF
NANOTECHNOLOGY
Nanotechnology is the technology of
preference to make things small, light
and cheap.
Nanotechnology based manufacturing
is a method conceived for processing
and rearranging of atoms to fabricate
custom products
Nanotechnology Approaches

Top-down Approaches Bottom-up Approaches

Create smaller objects using They arrange smaller


Larger objects components in to more complex.

Uses principles of molecular


Layer-by-layer self assembly
recognition
COMMON APPLICATIONS

OF

NANOTECHNOLOGY
IN
ELECTRONICS
Need of Nanotechnology in
Electronics
Today microelectronics are used and they solve our most of the
problems.

The two exceptional disadvantages of micro electronics are:


Physical size
Increasing cost of fabrication of integrated circuits.

To overcome these disadvantages nanotechnology


can be used.
Advantages of Using Nanotechnology in
Electronics
Increasing the density of
memory chips
Decreasing the weight and
thickness of the screens
Nanolithography is used for
fabrication of chips.
Reducing the size of transistors
used in integrated circuits.
Improving display screens on
electronics devices.
Reducing power consumption.
Computer processing
Moores Law - It states that the number of transistors that can
be put on a single chip will double every two years.
Because of nanotechnology, the speed of computers has
increased while the price of computing has decreased.
Memory and storage
2 GB in 1980s
$80,000

2 GB in 1990s
$200

2 GB in
2010 $5
Displays
Carbon nanotubes on a glass or plastic sheet allow
manufacturers to make clear conductive panels for
displays that are extremely thin.
Applications in Medicine

Nanotechnology can deliver medicine or drugs into specific


parts of the human body, thereby making them more effective
and less harmful to the other parts of the body.

With nanotechnology, minute surgical instruments and


robots can be made which can be used to perform
microsurgeries on any part of the body.
FUTURE SCOPE
OF
NANOTECHNOLOGY
FUTURE SCOPE IN NANOTECHNOLOGY
Nanotechnology for flexible Electronics
Nanotechnology for wireless devices
Nanotechnology for molecular devices
NANOTECHNOLOGY FOR
FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS

Stretchable electronics or
flexible electronics is likely to be
the future of mobile electronics.
Potential applications include
wearable electronic devices,
biomedical uses, compact
portable devices, and robotic
devices.
In the future, it is likely that
graphene will become a
dominant material in flexible
electronics.
NANOTECHNOLOGY FOR
MOLECULAR DEVICES
Reducing size of electronics is the
need of era and this can be achieved
with the help of molecules that can
be used in active devices.
These molecules behave as diodes or
programmable switches that make
connections between wires and
consume less current.
Thousands of molecules can be
sandwiched between two crossing
micro-scale wires to create an active
devices. Since molecular devices fit
between the wires, large area savings
could be achieved.
Disadvantage
Loss of jobs (in manufacturing,
farming, etc.).
Carbon Nano tubes could cause
infection of lungs.
It has very high initial investment
costs along with high manufacturing
costs.
Atomic weapons could be more
accessible and destructive
"The Next Big Thing Is Really Small